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67 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
balantitis
An infection of the penis
Barotholin gland
A mucus-secreting gland of the female external genitalia
cervix
An opening at the narrow lower portion of the uterus
chancre
A hard, painless, nondischarging lesion; a symptom of primary stage syphilis
chancroid
Sexually transmitted disease caused by Haemphilus ducreyi that causes soft, painful skin lesions on the genitals, which bleed easily
congenital syphilis
Syphilis passed to a fetus when treponemes cross the placenta from mother to child before birth
cystitis
Inflammation of the bladder
cytomegalovirus (CMV)
One of a widespread and diverse group of herpesviruses that often produces no symptoms in normal adults but can severely affect AIDS patients and congenitally infected children
Donovan body
A large mononuclear cell found in scrapings of lesions that confirms the presence of granuloma inguinale
dysuria
Pain and burning on urination
eczema herpeticum
A generalized eruption caused by entry of the herpesvirus through the skin; often fatal
elementary body
An infectious stage in the life cycle of chlamydias
endometrium
The mucous membrane lining the uterus
female reproductive system
The host system consisting of the ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, and external genitalia
gingivostomatitis
Lesions of the mucous membranes of the mouth
glomerulonephritis
(also called Bright’s disease) Inflammation of and damage to the glomeruli of the kidneys
glomerulus
A coiled cluster of capillaries in the nephron
gonorrhea
A sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae
granuloma
In a chronic inflammation, a collection of epithelial cells, macrophages, lymphocytes, and collagen fibers
gumma
A granulomatous inflammation, symptomatic of syphilis, that destroys tissue
herpes gladiatorium
Herpesvirus infection that occurs in skin injuries of wrestlers; transmitted by contact or on mats
herpes labialis
Fever blisters (cold sores) on lips
herpes pneumonia
A rare form of herpes infection seen in burn patients, AIDS patients, and alcoholics
herpes simplex virus type 1
(HSV-1) A virus that most frequently causes fever blisters (cold sores) and other lesions of the oral cavity, and less often causes genital lesions
herpes simplex virus type 2
(HSV-2; sometimes called herpes hominis virus) A virus that typically causes genital herpes, but which can also cause oral lesions
inclusion blennorrhea
A mild chlamydial infection of the eyes in infants
inclusion conjunctivitis
A chlamydial infection that can result from self-inoculation with Chlamydia trachomatis
keratoconjunctivitis
Condition in which vesicles appear in the cornea and eyelids
kidney
One of a pair of organs responsible for the formation of urine
laryngeal papilloma
Benign growth caused by herpesvirus that can be dangerous if such papillomas block the airway; infants are often infected during birth by mothers having genital warts
leptospirosis
A zoonosis caused by the spirochete Leptospira interrogans, which enters the body through mucous membranes or skin abrasions
lymphogranuloma venereum
A sexually transmitted disease, caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, that attacks the lymphatic system
male reproductive system
The host system consisting of the testes, ducts, specific glands, and the penis
mammary gland
A modified sweat gland that produces milk and ducts that carry milk to the nipple
neonatal herpes
Infection in infants, usually with HSV-2, most often acquired during passage through a birth canal contaminated with the virus
nephron
A functional unit of the kidney in which fluid from the blood is filtered
neurosyphilis
Neurological damage, including thickening of the meninges, ataxia, paralysis, and insanity, that results from syphilis
nocturia
Nighttime urination, often a result of urinary tract infections
nongonococcal urethritis (NGU)
A gonorrhea- like sexually transmitted disease most often caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and mycoplasmas
ovarian follicle
An aggregation of cells in the ovary containing an ovum
ovary
In the female, one of a pair of glands that produce ovarian follicles, which contain an ovum and hormone-secreting cells
penis
Part of the male reproductive system used to deliver semen to the female reproductive tract during sexual intercourse
prostate gland
Gland located at the beginning of the male urethra whose milky fluid discharge forms a component of semen
prostatitis
Inflammation of the prostate gland
pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the kidneys
semen
The male fluid discharge at the time of ejaculation, containing sperm and various glandular and other secretions
seminal vesicle
A saclike structure whose secretions form a component of semen
sexually transmitted disease (STD)
An infectious disease spread by sexual activities
syphilis
A sexually transmitted disease, caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum, characterized by a chancre at the site of entry and often eventual neurological damage
testis
(plural: testes) One of a pair of male reproductive glands that produce testosterone and sperm
toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
Condition caused by infection with certain toxigenic strains of Staphylococcus aureus; often associated with the use of superabsorbent but abrasive tampons
traumatic herpes
Type of herpes infection in which the virus enters traumatized skin in the area of a burn or other injury
treponemes
Spirochetes belonging to the genus Treponema
trichomoniasis
A parasitic urogenital disease, transmitted primarily by sexual intercourse, that causes intense itching and a copious white discharge, especially in females
ureter
Tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra
Tube through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside during micturition (urination)
urethritis
Inflammation of the urethra
urethrocystitis
Common term used to describe urinary tract infections involving the urethra and the bladder
urinalysis
The laboratory analysis of urine specimens
urinary bladder
Storage area for urine
urinary system
Body system that regulates the composition of body fluids and removes nitrogenous and other wastes from the body
urinary tract infection (UTI)
A bacterial urogenital infection that causes urethritis or cystitis
urine
Waste collected in the kidney tubules
urogenital system
Body system that (1) regulates the composition of body fluids and removes certain wastes from the body and (2) enables the body to participate in sexual reproduction
uterus
The pear-shaped organ in which a fertilized ovum implants and develops
vagina
The female genital canal, extending from the cervix to the outside of the body
whitlow
A herpetic lesion on a finger that can result from exposure to oral, ocular, and probably genital herpes