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29 Cards in this Set

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SURAL
pertaining to the calf or posterior surface of the leg
superior
above, always appear above other structures
inferior
below, always below other structures
anterior
front
ex. face, chest, abdomen on humans
posterior
back, structures that are toward the backside of the body. ex. spine is ____ to the heart
medial
toward the midline
ex. the sternum is ____ to the ribs
lateral
away from the midline
ex. the ear is ____ to the nose
dorsal
backside
ventral
belly side
proximal
nerer the trunk or attached end
ex. the knee is ____ to the toes
distal
farther from the trunk or point of attachment
ex. the fingers are ____ to the elbow
Superficial
external, toward or at the body surface
Ex. the kin is ___ to the skeletal muscles
Deep
internal, away from the body surface
ex. the lungs are ____ to the rib cage
sagittal plane
plane that runs longitudinally and divides the body into right and left parts
median
plane that divides the body into equal parts right down the median plane of the body
midsagital plane
plane that divides the body into equal parts, right down the median of the plane.
AKA. median plane
frontal plane
longitudinal plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.
AKA. coronal plane
Coronal Plane
longitudinal plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts.
AKA. Frontal Plane
transverse plane
runs horizontally, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
Cross sections
when organs are sectioned along the transverse plane
Subdivisions of the dorsal body cavity
1. cranial
2. vertebral/spinal
Subdivisions of the axial skeleton
1. Dorsal body cavity
2. Ventral body cavity
subdivisions of the ventral body cavity
1. thoracic cavity
2. abdominopelvic cavity
3. abdominal cavity
4. pelvic cavity
cranial cavity
-encloses the brain within the rigid skull
- part of the dorsal body cavity
Vertebral cavity
-within which the delicate spinal cord is a continuation of the brain
- part of the dorsal body cavity
AKA. spinal cavity
thoracic cavity
sepreated from the rest of the ventral cavity by the dome-shaped diaphragm.
-the heart, lungs are located here
- part of the ventral body cavity
Abdominopelvic cavity
- cavity inferior to the diaphragm
-part of the ventral body cavity
-may be described in terms of superior abdominal cavity
Superior abdominal cavity
-area that houses the stomach, intestines, liver, and other organs, and inferior to the pelvic cavity
- part of the ventral body cavity
Pelvic cavity
- region that is partially enclosed by bony pelvis and contains the reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum.
- part of the ventral body cavity