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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Loss of pregnancy before the fetus is viable outside the uterus; miscarriage.
Abruptio placentae
Partial or total premature separation of a normally implanted placenta.
Acanthosis nigricans
Hyperpigmentation and thickening of the skin associated with chronic hyperinsulinemia.
Periodic increases in the baseline fetal heart rate.
The process of changing one's cognitive structures to include data from recent experiences.
The process by which people adapt to a new cultural norm.
Acellular vaccine
A vaccine that uses proteins from the microorganism rather than the whole cell to stimulate the process of active immunity.
Decreased blood pH.
Condition caused by excess acid in the blood.
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
(AIDS) An immunological disorder caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and characterized by increasing susceptibility to opportunistic infections and rare cancers.
Cyanosis of the extremities.
Acrosomal reaction
Breakdown of the hyaluronic acid in the corona radiata by enzymes from the heads of sperm; allows one spermatozoon to penetrate the ovum zona pellucida.
Active acquired immunity
Formation of antibodies by the pregnant woman in response to illness or immunization.
Active immunity
Stimulation of antibody production without causing clinical disease.
Active management of labor (AMOL)
Medical protocol for augmentation of labor that includes (1) a strict criterion for labor admission, (2) early amniotomy, (3) high-dose oxytocin infusion for inefficient labor contractions, and (4) a commitment to provision of continuous nursing care.
Acute pain
Sudden pain of short duration, associated with a tissue-damaging stimulus.
Adaptation phase
Period during a crisis when the child and family meet the challenge and use resources effectively.
Adaptive functioning
The ability of an individual to meet the standards expected for his or her age by his or her cultural group.
Adjustment phase
Period just after a family is confronted by a crisis, characterized by disorganization and unsuccessful attempts to deal with the problem.
Advance directives
A patient's living will or appointed durable power of attorney for health care decisions.