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41 Cards in this Set

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___ is material that forms in the earth from nonliving matter?
mineral
___ is the hardened parts or mark left by an organism that lived a long time ago.
fossil
___ a material that can be burned to produce useful heat.
fuel
___ a material that comes from the earth and can be used by living things.
natural resource
___ is rock that has a large amount of useful minerals.
ore
___ is to slowly break down or rot.
decay
___ is decayed organisms in the soil.
humus
___ is a material that plants and animals need to live and grow.
nutrient
___ is soil with tiny grains that are packed closely together.
clay soil
___ is good planting soil that is a mixture of clay, silt, sand, and humus.
loam
___ is loose soil with large grains.
sandy soil
___ is to change something so it can be used again.
recycle
___ is a place where garbage is buried in soil.
landfill
___ means to keep something from being used up
conserve
True or False
There are less than 2,000 different minerals.
False.
There are more than 4,000 different minerals.
What are the 3 types of rocks?
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
What type of rock is granite?
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
igneous
What type of rock is gneiss?
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
metamorphic
What type of rock is sandstone?
igneous
sedimentary
metamorphic
sedimentary
A place where rock is dug from the earth is a ___?
quarry
True or False
Properties of minerals can be described by using your five senses.
True.
Properties are anything you can see, feel, taste, or smell about an object.
True or False
Coal is made from ancient plants?
True.
Decay begins just after organisms __.
a. are born
b. reproduce
c. die
d. become extinct
c. die
Decay begins just after organisms die.
In order to live and grow, plants and animals need __.
a. humus
b. ore
c. nutrients
d. clay
c. nutrients
In order to live and grow, plants and animals need nutrients.
I am the decayed remains of plants and animals. I add nutrients to the soil and am usually dark brown or black. What am I?
I am humus.
A fossil fuel formed from microscopic organisms is __.
a. coal
b. quartz
c. gneiss
d. oil
d. oil
A kind of rock formed when other rock changes through great heat and pressure is __.
a. sandstone
b. quartz
c. gneiss
d. granite
c. gneiss
Soil that is easy to dig out but has few nutrients is __.
a. clay soil
b. sandy soil
c. loam
d. sandstone
b. sandy soil
I am not a good soil for planting. My pieces are packed too closely together for water to pass through and for plant roots to push through. What soil am I?
I am clay soil.
What can fuel be used for when it is burned?
Fuel can be used for heat, cooking, and electricity when it is burned.
True or False
Soil, water, and air are the most important resources.
True.
True or False
You conserve water if you take a shower instead of a bath.
False.
You use less water if you take a bath.
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(Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic) rocks are formed from melted material deep within the earth. As it moves toward Earth's surface it cools.
Igneous rocks are formed from melted material deep within the earth. As it moves toward Earth's surface it cools.
(Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic) rocks form from layers of sand, bits of rocks, soil, and sometimes shells. Over time these things become cemented together.
Sedimentary rocks form from layers of sand, bits of rocks, soil, and sometimes shells. Over time these things become cemented together.
(Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic) rocks form as a result of a change in igneous and sedimentary rocks. Very high heat and great pressure inside the earth change the rocks.
Metamorphic rocks form as a result of a change in igneous and sedimentary rocks. Very high heat and great pressure inside the earth change the rocks.
The best soil for planting is __.
loam
Loam is the best soil for planting.
In a landfill, trash is covered with __.
a. plastic
b. paper
c. soil
d. rocks
c. soil
A special kind of humus is called __.
a. clay
b. loam
c. gneiss
d. compost
d. compost
I am a very hard part of an animal or plant that lived and died long ago. I can even be a footprint. What am I?
I am a fossil.
I contain large amounts of useful minerals. People have to separate the iron, copper, and aluminum from me. What am I?
I am ore.