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70 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
author
Person who writes a book
bibliographic data
All the pertinent information that defines a specific book, including author, title, edition or volume, publisher, publication date, format, ISBN and price. Also called a bibliographic citation
edition
All copies of a book printed from the same typographic image and issued by the same entity in the same format at one time or at intervals without alteration. Unless the publisher states that a work is a revised edition or expanded edition, the first revision is known as the second edition. Subsequent revisions are numbered in the order in which they are published. The latest edition is the most current, but older editions may contain useful information deleted from later ones.
frequency change
A change in the publication interval. A title, generally a serial title, is produced at certain intervals or frequencies (e.g., weekly, monthly, quarterly, annually); a frequency change means that title is now produced at an interval that is different from its previous interval.
isbn
International Standard Book Number. Established in 1969, it is a unique, ten or thirteen digit number assigned to a non-serial publication. It can be used for ordering, invoicing, and searching for a title in an electronic database.
issn
International Standard Serial Number. A unique, eight digit number assigned to a serial publication. It can be used for ordering, invoicing, and searching for a title in an electronic database
issue
A single copy of a periodical. For example, the June issue of Good Housekeeping
issue number
The number that designates each serial issue successively within a volume.
selection
The process of choosing which titles should go into a library’s collection.
selection criteria
The set of standards used by librarians to decide whether an item should be added to the collection, which normally includes a list of subjects or fields to be covered, levels of specialization, editions, currency, languages, and formats (large print, nonprint, abridgments, etc.). Selection criteria usually reflect the library's mission and the information needs of its clientele, but selection decisions are also influenced by budgetary constraints and qualitative evaluation in the form of reviews, recommended core lists, and other selection tools.
selectors
A librarian who is assigned to determine which materials to purchase for a particular subject area or areas. He or she monitors a budget allocation, approval plans, and periodical expenditures for the assigned areas. In an academic institution, a selector may also be responsible for working closely with academic departments or other constituents and for managing and evaluating the collections in their area. Also known as bibliographers.
volume
A series of issues of a periodical, usually covering one calendar year A librarian who is assigned to determine which materials to purchase for a particular subject area or areas. He or she monitors a budget allocation, approval plans, and periodical expenditures for the assigned areas. In an academic institution, a selector may also be responsible for working closely with academic departments or other constituents and for managing and evaluating the collections in their area. Also known as bibliographers.
bibliography
A publication that lists and describes information materials of any type. The term generally applies to lists of books, but in its broadest sense, it includes all materials (print or non-print).
book review
Article published in a newspaper or magazine that evaluates the quality of a book.
sample issue request
A request by the library to the publisher or vendor to supply a free issue of a serial. The library uses the sample issue to decide whether to add the title to its collection.
selection tool
A publication used by librarians to develop a balanced collection of materials to meet the information needs of library users. The category includes bestseller lists, best books lists, core lists, national bibliographies, and review publications intended specifically for librarians (Booklist, CHOICE, Library Journal, School Library Journal, etc.). Also known as a selection aid.
trial electronic resources request
A request by the library of the publisher or vendor to supply free access to an electronic resource for a limited period. The library generally uses such a trial to decide whether to add an electronic resource to its collection.
adhesive binding
A method of binding in which pages are held together with glue rather than sewn together.
alkaline paper
Paper with little or no acid content and intended to last indefinitely.
audiobook
A book read aloud and recorded on audiotape, compact disc or electronically, usually by a professional actor or reader or by the author. Originally, books were produced on tape for the visually impaired, but the market has expanded to include joggers and walkers who like to listen as they exercise, individuals who must spend long hours traveling, persons who are illiterate or dyslexic, and others who would rather listen than read.
bindery
Company where books are bound in paperback or hardcover.
binding
Method by which the pages of a book are held together; a book’s cover.
boards
The various kinds of stiffened paperboard used for a book’s cover.
book club edition
An edition of a book offered for sale by a book club on a mail-order basis. Copies may be purchased by the club from the publisher's stock (usually at a discount) or specially reprinted for club distribution. An edition produced solely for distribution to book club subscribers can usually be distinguished from the trade edition of the same title by the inferior quality of paper and binding, the absence of a price on the dust jacket, and other distinctive markings.
case
The cover which protects the pages of a book.
casing-in
The process of joining the sewn or glued pages of a book with its outer cover or case.
CD
Compact disc. A digital audiorecording medium capable of storing up to 74 minutes of high-fidelity stereophonic sound in a single spiral track on one side of a 4.75-inch disc, similar to the track on a phonograph record. Designed to be read by a laser beam and decoded inside a device called a CD player, compact discs not only provide clearer sound than phonograph records and audiotape but are capable of recording a much wider range of volume.
CD-ROM
Compact Disk-Read Only Memory. A computer-based technique for storing and reading information from a compact disk using a CD player and a personal computer.
DVD
Digital videodisc. A type of optical disk of the same size as a compact disc but with significantly greater recording capacity, partly because it is double-sided. DVD is expected to become the preferred medium for motion pictures distributed for home use. The new format is also gaining rapidly on VHS in public library collections in the United States.
E-book
Electronic book. A digital version of a traditional print book designed to be read on a personal computer or an e-book reader. Some libraries offer access to electronic books through the online catalog.
Electronic journals
Journals that are published, distributed and accessed electronically in addition to or instead of in paper form.
end papers
Thick sheets of paper that are glued to the inside cover of a book to attach the cover to the pages.
ephemera
Printed materials that are intended to have short-lived interest or usefulness. These materials may be collected to support a research library’s comprehensive collection.
folio
A large sheet of paper folded once to make two leaves, or four pages, of a book or manuscript.
full text
The complete content of an item that is available in electronic format. It may be an individual article or the complete contents of a journal issue or book.
genre book
Book written for specific group of readers; such as mystery, science fiction, fantasy, romance.
government publications
Monograph or serial published by a government agency, either national, state or local.
library binding
Sturdy, hardcover binding in which pages are stitched together before being glued into the book cover. Used primarily for children’s books because of heavy wear and tear. Usually more expensive than trade binding.
library edition
Book bound with heavier materials than a trade edition, also known as a reinforced edition. See library binding.
mass-market paperback
Paper-covered book of a size that will fit into common rack displays. Generally printed on acidic paper and not intended for extended library use. Originally distributed by periodical and newspaper distributors, but more recently book wholesalers are handling them as well.
monograph
A book that is complete in itself, that is, not a serial.
monographic series
A group of separate items related to one another by the fact that each item bears, in addition to its own title proper, a collective title applying to the group as a whole. The individual items may or may not be numbered.
monographs in publishers' series
Volumes published in a series that have only a very broad subject in common. Created as a marketing device by publishers.
MP3
A popular audio-specific compression format designed to greatly reduce the amount of data required to represent audio, yet still sound like a faithful reproduction of the original uncompressed audio to most listeners. Used for music and audiobooks.
MP3-CD
A compact disc containing MP3 files. Often used for audiobooks.
non-print media
Formats such as audiovisual, microform, or software media; materials not printed on paper.
numbered series
A separately numbered sequence of volumes within a series or serial.
oversewing
Method of sewing the signatures of thick books, more than a half-inch thick, one on top of the other for greater strength.
perfect binding
Binding that glues pages or signatures into the book’s cover. Used for most paperback books, and increasingly for hardcovers.
prebinding
Form of durable binding that protects the covers of books and keeps the pages from coming apart. The result may not be as attractive as trade editions, but it more sturdy. Produced according to the standards of the Library Binding Institute. Used primarily for children’s titles. See also “library binding.”
quality paperback
Paper books that are larger in size than mass-market paperbacks and generally higher in price. Usually distributed by book wholesalers.
realia
Three-dimensional objects such as artifacts, models, relics, and dioramas. Usually acquired for special collections or for school and classroom use.
reinforced binding
Hardcover binding in which a few stitches are used to hold pages together before they are glued into cover; stronger than trade binding but much weaker than true library binding.
serial
A publication in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to continue indefinitely. Serials include periodicals, newspapers, annuals (reports, yearbooks, etc.); the journals, memoirs, proceedings, transactions, etc., of societies; and numbered monographic series.
set
A group of materials expected to have a specific number of volumes usually determined in advance. The set may be published all at once or as a series of volumes over a period of years. Publication ceases when the set is completed or discontinued.
sewn binding
Bindings that are sewn. More sturdy (and more expensive) than glued bindings.
shelf life
The average length of time an item owned by a library is likely to remain in usable condition before it must be replaced due to normal wear.
side stitching
Method of sewing the page, endpapers, and reinforcing fabric together along the full length of the spine.
signature
In printing, a single sheet of paper folded one or more times to become one section in a bound publication. In modern book production, signatures are usually in multiples of 8 pages, with 32 pages the norm.
single-purchase serial
A serial purchased as a single issue or volume often to fill in a gap in the library’s collection. An issue devoted to a special topic may also be acquired as a single purchase.
spine
The back edge of the book.
superceding serials
Each new issue supersedes the previous issues, which are usually discarded. These can include telephone directories, airplane schedules, catalogs, loose-leaf data sheets, etc.
suspended publication
A publication that is temporarily not produced. Reasons for this vary but might involve financial exigency, natural disaster, war, or other similar difficulties.
technical report literature
Documents issued by scientific laboratories, departments, or government agencies dealing with technical information. These are generally obtained from the issuing body.
trade binding
The binding of a trade book as it is issued from the publisher; usually hardcover.
trade paperback
A paperback trade book. Usually with a perfect binding.
trade book
An edition produced by a trade publisher in hardcover and/or paperback publisher's binding for sale to booksellers and libraries. Published for the general reader, rather than a specific segment of the market.
URL
Uniform Resource Locator. The unique address identifying a resource accessible at a particular location on the Internet for routing purposes. The same resource, or different versions of it, may be available simultaneously at other Internet addresses.
VHS videocassette
Video Home System. A blank or prerecorded videotape permanently enclosed in a hard plastic case containing two take-up reels to which the ends of the tape are permanently attached for playback and rewinding in a device called a videocassette recorder (VCR). DVD format is gaining on VHS in library collections and may eventually replace VHS, particularly in public libraries.
WWW
World Wide Web. A global network of Internet servers providing access to documents written in a script called Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) that allows content to be interlinked, locally and remotely.