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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following would not be a major function of muscles?
a. Generate Heat
b. Stabalize joints
c. Store marrow
d. Maintain Posture
C. Store Marrow
The structural units of
contraction in skeletal muscle fibers
a. Myofibrils
b. Sarcomeres
c. All or None Response
d. Sarcolemma
B. Sarcomers
When a joint flexes, the muscle producing the action will shorten. Which of the functional characteristics of muscles is being described

a. Excitability
b. Contractility
c. Extensibility
d. Elasticity
B. Contractility
The type of muscle fiber that would be round abundant in a successful sprinter

a. White
b. Red
c. Intermediate
d. Inhibition
A. White
5. The ability to execute a coordinated and accurate pattern of movement requires cooperation among various muscle groups.

a. Myotatic untis
b. Stretch Reflex
c. Tendon Reflex
d. Inhibition
A. Myotatic Units
Muscles use which of the following to produce mechanical energy to exert force

a. Myoglobin
b. Adenosine Triphosphate
c. Perimysium
d. Epimysium
B. Adenosine Triphosphate
Muscle fiber that would contain more myoglobin

a. Fast –Twitch
b. Slow –Twitch
c. Intermediate
d. None of these
B. Slow - Twitch
The muscle that surrounds the joint and isometrically contracts to support or stabilize one attachment of the mover

a. Antagonist
b. Agonist
c. Fixator
d. Synergist
C. Fixator
The red pigment in muscle cells that stores oxygen

a. Myofibrils
b. Myoglobin
c. Hemoglobin
d. Sarcomeres
B. Myoglobin
10. During assessment the massage professional realizes that a client has extremely mobile joints. Which muscle function would seem to be impaired

a. Produce Movement
b. Generate Heat
c. Maintain Posture
d. Stabilize Joints
D. Stabilize Joints
A client complains of fatigue and muscle soreness after attempting to push a car that was stuck

a. No movement was produced
b. Dynamic force was used since
c. Static force produced movement and so static force was generated energy expenditure
d. Since the car did not move, little the car did not move energy was expended
A. No movement was produced so static force was generated
Muscle using concentric contraction that are the main force causing joint motion though a specified plane of motion.

a. Antagonist
b. Agonist
c. Synergist
d. Fixator
B. Agonist
13. the proximal attachment of a muscle is also known as the
a. Origin
b. Insertion
c. Action
d. Indirect Attachment
A. Origin
The proximal attachment of a muscle is also knows as the

a. Origin
b. Insertion
c. Action
d. Indirect Attachment
A. Origin
An elongating contraction that takes place with gravity or resistance

a. Concentric
b. Eccentric
c. Isometric
d. All
B. Eccentric
16. The attachment of a muscle that usually moves

a. Origin
b. Insertion
B. Insertion
A broad flat sheet of fibrous connective tissue

a. Deep Fascia
b. Aponeurosis
c. Anatagonist
d. Insertion
B. Aponeurosis
A contraction in which the angle of a joint decreases

a. Eccentric
b. Concentric
c. Isometric
d. All
B. Concentric
A hyperirritable locus within a taut band of skeletal muscle, located in the muscular tissue and or its associated fascia

a. Tender point
b. Trigger point
c. Motor Point
d. contractitility
B. Trigger Point
Muscles that assists the prime mover

a. Neutralizer
b. Synergist
c. Fixator
d. Antagonist
B. Synergist
The insertion of the gluteus maximus

a. lesser trochanter
b. Gluteal tuberosity
c. Sacrum
d. Iliotibial band
B. Gluteal Tuberosity
Action of the gluteus medius and gluteus minimis

a. abduction
b. extension and medial
c. abduction and medial rotation
d. Abduction and lateral rotation
C. Abduction and medial rotation
The muscle that stabilized the knee during walking

a. Piriformis
b. Tensor Fascia latae
c. Quadratus Femoris
d. Obturator Internus
B. Tensor Fascia Latae
Origin of Quadratus Lumborum

a. Last Rib
b. Transverse Process of L1-L4
c. Iliac crest
d. both A & B
D. Both A and B
Insertion of ilipsoas
a. Greater trochanter
b. Lesser trochanter
c. Iliac crest
d. Gluteal tuberosity
B. Lesser Trochanter
Muscle responsible for elevation of the ribs during inspiration

a. Serratus Posterior Inferior
b. Diaphragm
c. Serratus Posterior Superior
d. All of the above
C. Serratus Posterior Superior
Origin of rectus abdominis
a. Pubis Symphysis
b. Xiphoid Process
c. 5-7
d. Iliac crest
A. Pubis Symphysis
Incorrect attachment for the deep 6 lateral rotators

a. Sacrum
b. Greater Trochanter
c. Obturator Foramen
d. Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
D. Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
Origin of Gluteus maximus

a. Sacrum
b. Greater Trochanter
c. Lesser Trochanter
d. Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
Answer: A
A. Sacrum
Muscle between the thoracic and abdominal cavities

a. Serratus Post Inferior
b. Piriformis
c. Diaphragm
d. External Oblique
C. Diaphragm
11. Which muscle allows a post tilt of the pelvis

a. Obturator Internus
b. Gemellus Inferior
c. Quadratus Lumborum
d. All of these
Cl Quadratus Lumborum
Which muscle is not present in 40% of the population

a. Diaphragm
b. Psoas Minor
c. Serratus Inferior
d. Intercostals
B. Psoas Minor
Which muscle is located deep to the external abdominal oblique

a. Rectus Abdominis
b. Internal abdominal Oblique
c. Serratus Posterior Superior
d. None of these
B. Internal Abdominal Oblique
The intercostals muscles function to

a. Flex the trunk
b. Extend the hip
c. Stabilize the rib cage
d. Stabilize the pelvis
C. Stabilize the Rib Cage
Primary actions of the gluteus maximus

a. Extension and medial rotation
b. Flexion and lateral rotation
15. Primary actions of the gluteus maximus
a. Extension and medial rotation
b. Flexion and lateral rotation
c. Extension and lateral rotation
d. None of these
C. Extension and Lateral Rotation
Origin of tensor fascia latae

a. lateral condyle tibia
b. iliac crest between PSIS & ASIS
c. Iliotibial band
d. All of these
B. iliac crest between PSIS & ASIS
Origin of serratus posterior superior

a. Spinous process of C7-T3
b. 2-5 Ribs
c. Spinous Process of T11- L3
d. 9-12 Ribs
A. Spinous process of C7-T3
An insertion of the transverse abdominis

a. Lesser trochanter
b. Greater Trochanter
c. Pubis
d. Sacrum
C. Pubis
An action of piriformis

a. Extension
b. Lateral Rotation
c. Adduction
d. None of these
B. Lateral Rotation
Muscle that performs elevation of the pelvis

a. Psoas
b. Quadratus Lumborum
c. Quadratus Femoris
d. Obturator Internus
B. Quadratus Lumborum
Origin of Sartorius

a. Upper Medial shaft of tibia
b. Femoral Nerve
Only muscle in the Quadriceps Group that crosses both the hip and knee joints

a. Rectus Femoris
b. Vastus Medialis
c. Vastus Lateralis
d. Vastus Intermedius
A. Rectus Femoris
What is the common insertion for all the quadriceps muscles

a. Linea aspera
b. Patella and tibial tuberosity
B. Patella and tibial tuberosity
Action of pectineus

a. Flex/Assist adduction of femur at hip
b. Abduction/medial rotation of femur
c. Add/assists extension with kneed.
d. Flex/assist adduction of knee
A. Flex/Assist adduction of femur at hip
Common insertion for the adductor muscles

a. Ischial tuberosity
b. Linea aspera
c. Acetabulum
d. Adductor tubercle
B. Linea Aspera