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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Massage is defined as
The manipulation of the soft tissues of the body
Massage disappered during the ....
Massage reappered during the...
Dissapered during-Middle ages


Reappeared during-Renaissance
Psychological effects of massage
Relaxation & improved well being
Mechanical effects of massage
Improves blood & lymph flow,
breaks up adhesions/scar tissue
Adhesions
Condition in which bodily tissues that are normally separate grow together. Abnormal adherence of collagen fibers to surrounding structures during immobilization, following trauma or as a complication of surgery which restricts normal elasticity of the structures involved.
Physiological effects of massage
Improved cellular function, brings blood to the area (hyperemia), decreases pain by resetting nociceptors (pain receptors, asisits in the remaoval of metabolic wastes & encourages release of endorphins (pain killers).
Serotonin
appropriate behavior.
Oxytocin
bonding and feelings of attachment along with more clinical functions during pregnancy, delivery & lactation.
Dopamine
fine motor activity, like hand writing, and mood in terms of inspiration
Enkephalin
is responsible for blocking the release of neurotransmitter Substance P , which helps to decrease pain
Enkephalin/Endorphin/ Dynorphin
(endogenous opiates)
are mood lifters that support satiety & modulate pain.
Epinephrine/Adrenaline
activate arousal elements in the body
Where
Norepinephrine/Noradrenaline
acts more in the brain.
These are the activation, arousal, alertness, and alarm chemicals of the flight or fight response and all of the sympathetic arousal functions & behaviors.
Epinephrine/Adrenaline
activate arousal elements in the body Where Norepinephrine/Noradrenaline acts more in the brain.
These are the activation, arousal, alertness, and alarm chemicals of the flight or fight response and all of the sympathetic arousal functions & behaviors.
Growth Hormone
promotes cell division, tissue repair & regeneration
Cortisol
stress hormone produced during prolonged stress. Massage decreases production.
A Contraindication is when
Treatment is inadvisable or not reccomended
An Indication is when
Treatment is recommended and advisable
Using too much pressure while performing deep strokes will cause the muscle to
cramp
Endangements sites
An area of concern that may contain underlying struyctres that cpould be damaged through massage
Endangerment Site & concern

Site
Groove inferior to ear
concern
Styloid process
Endangerment Site & concern

Site...
Anterior triangle
Concern...
Carotid artery,
jugular vein,
and vagus nerve (deep to the SCM)
Endangerment Site & concern

Site...
Posterior triangle
concern...
Brachial plexus
& Subclavian artery
Endangerment Site & concern

Site...
Axilla (armpit)
Concern...
Axillary, median & ulnar nerves
Axillary artery & lymph nodes
Endangerment Site & concern

Site...
Ulnar notch
Concern...
Ulnar nerve
Endangerment Site & concern

Site...
Femoral triangle
Concern...
Femoral artery, nerve & vein, great saphenopus vein, Inguinal ligamnet & lymph nodes
Endangerment site and concern
Site...
Popliteal area
Concern...
Popliteal artery & nerve, tibial, peroneal nerve
Endangerment site and concern
Site...
Abdomen
Concern...
aorta, R-liver/Gallbladder, L-spleen/stomach
Endangerment site and concern
Site...
lumbar
Concern...

kidneys
Endangerment site and concern
Site...
Cubital
Concern...
Median, radial, ulnar arteries
Endangerment site and concern
Site...
Medial brachium
Concern...
Ulnar, median nerves, brachial artery