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52 Cards in this Set

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GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Should not be administered until 2 hours after eating
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Bladder should first be emptied
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Patient should be taught to relax abdominal muscles & breathe deeply & regularly during treatment
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
For sensitivity, apply hot fomentation before massage
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
If skin perspires freely, sponge with cold water to render it firm & smooth
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
For ticklish patients, avoid superficial movements at first (deeper, not pointed)
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
If patient experiences pain & coldness of extremities or depression after massage, emply hot fomentations (you may have been too aggressive)
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Avoid sudden thrusts & exercise great care not to excite pain
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Graduate the pressure to the requirements of each individual case
GENERAL RULE OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
SLOW DOWN! All deep kneading movements in abdominal massage should be slower than other parts of body to allow time for movement of fecal mass
THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Relieve chronic constipation
THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Aid stomach, intestinal, and liver digestion
THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Promote absorption of fluids & elimination by the kidneys (ascites & renal deficiency)
THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
For the removal of abnormal deposits of fat
THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Develop weak or relaxed muscles
THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Replace displaced viscera in enteroptosis (dropping of intestines)
THERAPEUTIC APPLICATION OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
Accessory treatment of many forms of pelvic disease
What is the most common & important use of abdominal massage?
Relief of CHRONIC INESTINAL INACTIVITY
General Cause of Constipation
1)Relaxed abdominal muscles result in prolapsed bowels & viscera, stasis of intestinal contents, dilatation (drooping spot) of colon
General Cause of Constipation
2)Deficient production of bile due to inactive state of liver- from inactive portal circulation - or hepatism (liver doesn't work effectively)
Deficient production of bile is commonly present in what conditions?
Rheumatism
Gout
Uric acid Diathesis
General Cause of Constipation
3)Deficient of nerves supplying intestines & controlling peristalsis
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
1)Increased gladular activity by a. increase of activity of blod current in portal vein
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
1)Increased gladular activity by
b. stimulation of abdominal sympathetic glangia, splanchnics & associated plexuses (parasympathetic)
What are the abdominal sympathetic glangia, splanchnics & associated plexuses?
the nerve mechanisms which control motor, vascular, & secretory functions of intestines
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
2)Increased peristaltic activity by a)stimulating nervous reflexes (parasympathetic)
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
2)Increased peristaltic activity by b)increased outflow of bile from liver-natural laxative by which rhythmical peristaltic activity is promoted
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
3)Relief of passive congestion of portal system & viscera
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
4)Mechanical dislodgment of contents of colon
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
5)Development of abdominal muscles. increases intra-abdominal tension which favors expulsion of intestinal contents
Massage removes the causes ofconstipation by:
6)Replacement of displaced viscera
Define diathrotic
born with the predisposition to have
Sympathetic nervous system
fight or flight
Parasympathetic nervous system
rest or digest
What happen when there is a delay in evacuation?
causes fecal contents to harden as the result of excessive absorption of fluid during their prolonged sojourn in the colon
USE To STIMULATE NERVOUS REFLEX:

(peristaltic, glandual & vascular activities of abdominal sympathetic)
REFLEX STROKING
-circular or semicircular strokes about the umbilicus
-vertical along mammary line
-over epigastrium (4th-6th ribs)
USE To STIMULATE NERVOUS REFLEX:

(peristaltic, glandual & vascular activities of abdominal sympathetic)
NERVE COMPRESSION
-Solar plexus (epigastrium, just below lower end of sternum
-Lumbar ganglia (2 in. each side of umbilicus)
USE To STIMULATE NERVOUS REFLEX:

(peristaltic, glandual & vascular activities of abdominal sympathetic)
VIBRATION
a most powerful means of stimulating nervous reflexes, circulation, glandular activity, peristalsis
USE To STIMULATE NERVOUS REFLEX:

(peristaltic, glandual & vascular activities of abdominal sympathetic)
PERCUSSION
USE FOR MECHANICAL EFFECTS
OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
DIGIAL KNEADING,KNEAD W/CLOSED FIST (rate <30/min),KNEAD W/THUMBS, MASS KNEAD, PALMAR KNEAD, ROLLING, MASSAGE GALLBLADDER
USE FOR MECHANICAL EFFECTS
OF ABDOMINAL MASSAGE
-to overcome stasis (lack of movement) of intestines
-dislodgment of fecal matter
-stimulation of circulatory & glandular activities
USE to STRENGTHEN ABDOMINAL MUSCLES
KNEADING, both superficial and deep. The recti & external obliques are only muscles readily accessible to the hand, move rapidly upward w/thumbs
USE for REPLACEMENT OF ABDOMINAL VISCERA
enteroptosis: prolapse of the abdominal viscera
Inspiratory lifting, replacement of stomach, kidneys and spleen
ABDOMINAL MASSAGE & BLOOD PRESSURE
Raises blood pressure and shouldn't be administered to someone w/HBP that is not in check through medication
With raise in blood pressure, what happens to pulse & heart rate?
both increase
CROHN'S DISEASE
ileitis that typically involves the distal portion of ileum, spreads to colon. Diarrhea, cramps, loss of appetite & weight
OSGOOD-SCHLATTER DISEASE
osteochondritis of the tuberosity of tibia that occurs esp among adolescent males
RAYNOUD'S DISEASE
vascular disorder marked by recurrent spasm of capillaries and esp of fingers & toes; pallor, cyanosis, redness, pain, gangrene
VERTIGO
disordered state causing dizziness, whirling surroundings
AORTIC ANEURYSM
abnormal blood-filled dilitation of blood vessel and esp artery resulting from disease of vessel wall
Abdominal massage could be fatal if done on a patient with what condition?
Aortic aneurysm
What condition would be a contraindication for abdominal massage?
Crohn's Disease