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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name the physiological benefits of massage.
Relaxing muscles, increases ROM at jt, increases Lymph flow, decreases edema,
Increase Circulation,
improves body awareness,
decreases anxiety
Enhances Growth and development in infants
Name all of the endangerment sites.
Anterior neck region, axillary region, anterior elbow, Umbilicus, kidney region, groin, Popliteal Fossa
Name the contraindications of massage.
Acute injury, General circumstances,
Pathological conditions that might spread thru lymph or circulation,
Do not touch areas of skin where there is a pathological condition which could worsen or spread.
Near or over any area where there is bleeding
Name the effleurage strokes.
Basic sliding :uses palms & fingers, thumb fist, full contact, Shingles: alternate stroking, one hand always remains in contact,Bilateral tree stroking, Horizontal, Knuckling
Name the Petrissage strokes.
Basic two hand kneading,One hand, Alternate one Hand, circular two-hand, skin rolling, compression
Name the 5 different kinds of massage techniques.
Effleurage, Petrissage, Tapotment, Friction and Touch Without Movement
When performing a massage who's goal is to decrease lymph, in what direction should the strokes be performed?
Distal to proximal, the goal to push the fluid towards the heart or the same direction as venous flow.
What the correct sequence of massage strokes?
Effleurage to petrissage to effleurage
Define Petrissage
Petrissage lift, wring or squeeze soft tissues in a kneading motion or press or roll the tissues under or between the hands.
What are the indications for using petrissage techniques?
When the goal of treatment is to rid the muscle of accuumlated metabloites (waste products), increase circulation and assist venous return.
Define Effleurage
Invovle techniques that slide or glide over the skin with a smooth continous motion.
What are the indications for using effleurage techniques?
Help apply lotion or oil, accustoms the receiver to the touch of the practitioner.
How does massage cause relaxation?
It stimulates the parasympathetic nervous system.
Shingle Effleurage
Refers to alternate stroking, first one hand then the other in a continous motion, with the strokes overlaying each other like shingles on a roof.
Basic sliding effleurage
Performed with the palms and fingers of the hand, the thumbs, fist or forearms.
Bilateral Tree Stroking effleurage
Traces a pattern reminiscent of branches growing out from both sides of the trunk of a tree.
Three-count stroking of the trapezius effleurage
performed in three strokes, alternating hand with each movement.
Horizontal stroking effleurage
Applied to broad, rounded areas like the thigh, abdomen or lower back. The movement is across the width of the body part, rather than the length.
Knuckling effleurage
Pressure is first applied to the back of the fingers in a lose fist, gradually turning the fist over as it slides over the skin, and finishing with the palm of the hand.
Basic two-handed kneading petrissage
Involves lifting, squeezing and then releasing soft tissues with hand alternating in a rhythmical motion.
Alternating one-hand kneading
May be used to work flexors and extensors at the same time.
Circular two-handed petrissage
Best performed on broad flat areas like the back. Each hand will describe a counterclockwise circle, timed so that the when the hands pass each other, the soft tissues are pickup
Skin Rolling petrissage
Skin and subcutaneous tissue are picked up between the thumb and the first two fingers and gently pulled away from the deeper tissues.
Name the mechanisms that explain the effects of massge.
Mechanical, physiological, reflex, body-mind and energetic
What does massage decrease pain?
It stimulates the body to release endorphins
What does the term "Uncorking" mean?
When performing a massage to reduce or move edema out of an extremity, start the massage proximal to the edemateous area so that the lymphatic and venous system can accomodate to the excess fluid that is about to be pushed towards it with the massage.