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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sharecropping
• A system of farming in witch a tenant farmer give a share of his crop to the farm owner instead of paying rent
14th Amendment: date passed by Congress
• 1866
1. Defined national citizenship
2. Permitted representation in Congress to be reduced if a state interfered with a citizen’s right to vote.
3. Denied former Confederate officials the right to hold office
4. Declared Confederate debts invalid
1876 Election
• Republican Rutherford B. Hayes was elected President
• Didn’t produce clear winner
• Deal: goes to House of Representatives
• Democrats and House of Representatives agreed that Republican Rutherford B. Hayes if he agreed to withdraw from south (aka martial law)
• Radical Republicans in Congress wanted racial equality
• Southern whites were all Democrats
Congressional Reconstruction
• Punish confederate leaders
• Make former slaves citizens with equal rights:
1. 13th Amendment: abolish slavery
2. 14the Amendment: born here, automatically a citizen; equal treatment for all citizens
3. 15th Amendment: votes for black men
Black Codes
• Can’t vote if grandpa can’t vote, poll, taxes, etc.
• Series of rules that varied from state to state
• Restrict people of color’s civil right
• Wage rates, jobs, were can/can’t go, where to gather + II’s
• Can’t vote if grandpa can’t vote, poll, taxes, etc.
• Series of rules that varied from state to state
• Restrict people of color’s civil right
• Wage rates, jobs, were can/can’t go, where to gather + II’s
Freedman’s Bureau
• Slavery at risk during the Civil War
• Federal Government Program: wanted to educate former slaves by teaching literacy
Redeemers
• Pro-segregation southern whites
• Democrats
• Created Black Codes
KKK
white people who formed a group to persecute blacks
NAACP
• 1909
• Fight against racial segregation
• Fight legal cases
• Little Rock Nine came from NAACP
• NAACP= National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Thomas Moss
• Ran a successful business; grocery store
• Late 1800s
• He was a black man
Lynching
• The hanging, burning, or shooting of a person without a trial
Plessy vs. Ferguson
• 1896
• stated that racial segregation was legal
Booker T. Washington
• 1881
• wanted to get along with racist whites, but worked privately to make people equal
• Gradualist
W.E.B. DuBois
• Demand equality
• Not too diplomatic- outspoken
• Black civil right’s leader
• “Immediate-ist”
Chicago Race Riot
• Northern city
• Race riot because of the segregation problems
• Segregation problems got bigger until it became a riot