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18 Cards in this Set

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lesbian separatist
a lesbian interested in creating a separate "womyn's" culture distinct from both heterosexual and gay culture; strongest from late 1960's to the early 1980's
stimulus-value-role theory
a three-stage theory of romantic development proposed by Bernard Murstein; 1-stimulus brings people together, 2-value refers to the compatibility of basic values, 3-role has to do with each person's expectations of how the other should fulfill his or her roles
hypergamy
a marriage in which one's spouse is of a higher social class or rank
domestic partnership
cohabiting couples--hetero or homo--in a committed relationship; legally recognized in some areas with all the rights of a married couple
complementary needs theory
theory of mate selection suggesting that we select partners whose needs are different from and/or complimentary to our own
open field
a setting in which potential partners may not be likely to meet, characterized by large numbers of people who do not ordinarily interact; such as beach, mall, or large campus
residential propinquity
a pattern in which the chances of two people marrying are greater the closer they live to each other
parental image theory
a theory of mate selection suggesting that we select partners similar to our opposite sex parents
closed field
a setting in which partners may meet, characterized by small numbers of people who are likely to interact; such as class, dorm, or party
marriage squeeze
the phenomenon in which there are greater numbers of marriageable women than marriageable men, particularly among older women and African-American women (the gender imbalance reflected in the ratio of available unmarried women to men)
hypogamy
a marriage in which one's spouse is from a lower social standing
endogamy
marriage within a particular group
marriage gradient
the tendency for men to marry younger women of lower SES and for women to marry older men of a higher SES (the tendency for women to marry men of higher status)
field of eligibles
group of individuals of the same general background and age who are culturally approved marital partners (those whom our culture approves as potential partners)
exogamy
marriage outside a particular group
homogamy
marriage between those with similar social or personal characteristics (the tendency to choose a mate whose individual or group characteristics are similar to ours)
heterogamy
marriage between those with different social or personal characteristics (the tendency to choose a mate whose individual or group characteristics are different from ours)
halo effect
the tendency to infer positive characteristics or traits based on a person's physical attractiveness