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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Functions of a family
- ensure order
- defend against outsiders
- provide labor
- assist others in group
- recruit new members
through marriage
The Emergence of the “modern” American Famly dates
1776 to 1900
what changed in the The Emergence of the “modern” American Famly...
o Marriage: based on mutual respect and affection
o Wife cared for home and children (seen as morally superior)
o Childhood was seen as time to protect and support children
o Number of children per family declined.
The rise of the private Family dates
1900 to present
What changed in the Early Decades:
- rise in premarital sex
- decline in births
- rising divorce rate
- adult life expectancy increased
- more apartments built for independent living
The Depression Generation:
- affected family finances
- underminded authority of father
- divorce rate fell
- postponement of marriage and childbearing
o 1 in 5 never had children (1 in 10 was normal)
- Children helped out by working
In the 1950's: War..
- married at the youngest ages and had more children than any other 20th century generation
- baby boom renewed emphasis on marriage and children
- high point of breadwinner-homemaker model
1960s and beyond:
- birth rate plunged
- married on average at 4 to 5 years later than before
- divorce rate doubled 1960s-1970s
- cohabitation- 1970s
an ordering of all persons in society by degreesof economic resources, prestige, and priviledge
social class
determined by relationship to means of production
class position
people that share a common lifestyle and identify with each other. Prestige and priviledge
status group
A persons income, education and occupation correlates to
status and social class
poverty thresholds
1 adult=9,400
2 adults=12,047
1 adult, one child=12,400
2 adults, 1 child= 14,480
2 adults, 2 children=18,244
- Wealthiest 20% of households received almost
50% of the total income “PIE”
- The poorest 20% of households received
less than 4% of all income
- The top 5% received
more than 22% of all income
some degree of social inequality is necessary for the smooth functioning of society (in order to fill the most important functions) the ones who work the hardest should get paid more
functionalist
powerful individuals and groups use ideology to maintain their favored positions in society at the expense of others and wealth is not necessary n order to motivate people.
conflict
 the beliefs and actions of people reflect their class location in society
symbolic interactionist
women borrow men status
status borrowing
one woman, more than one husband
polylandry
one woman and one husband
polygny
a. Wealth, Priviledge and Prestige
b. Cultural and social elite
c. Owners or senior managers of large corporations, banks and law firms
d. Many wives do not work-volunteering and social events take up time
upper class
a. Secure, comfortable income; lives well
b. Can afford nice house, car, college education for kinds
c. Professionals and medium- sized business owners.
d. Jobs include fringe benefits
e. Women professionals have occupations that require college educations
middle class
a. Income provides reliably for minimum wage
b. Modest home or apt
c. Car
d. Money for public college education
e. Men tend to hold manual jobs
f. Layoffs more common
g. Less likely to hold fringe benefits
working class
a. Loose connection to economy
b. Cannot provide decent life
c. “working poor” Low paying jobs
d. Frequently unemployed
e. Live in substandard housing
f. Semi-skilled and unskilled worker=low wage workers
g. Some on case assistance from govt
lower class
h. Husbands place is determind by wheter he has a job
i. If not his authority is not respected
lower class kinship
- Middle class families encourage autonomy and independence
- Working class and lower families
- Encourage conformity and obedience
- Job-expierences affect childrearing values
- Socialization of children is to fill the same position as parents fill
child bearing