Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/108

Click to flip

108 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the ocean with the largest surface area
pacific
a technological development that was a direct development of World War II
sonar
in the sci method, questions are stated as a
question
pangea started to break up about
200 million years ago
an example of a shear boundary is
san andreas fault
island arcs are usually associated with
volcanoes
hydrogen bonds in water molecules are formed between
hydrogen and oxygen atoms of adjacent molecules
a temp of 4 C indicates
when freshwater is most dense
the salinity of water is measured in
PPM
Thallus is
body form
coralline green and red algae recieve this name due to their ability to
harden, they have CaCO3 in their cell walls
two types of pulls on the tides are
sun and moon
what are carotene, xanthophylls, and fucoxanthins?
pigments
currents foremd from temp and salt concentration fluctuation are called
thermohaline currents
prokaryotes included in the kingdom
monera
stromatolites are
massive calcium mounds formed by blue green algae
diatoms are mostly
producers, plankton, have oil, microscopic, frustule, protista
the first marinebio lab in the US
Woodshole
algae are classified according to their
color
when super heated water seeps into the fissures the result could be
hydrothermal vents
the reason for change in sea level is related to the
ice age
process bywhich water molecules fo from liquid to solid
evaporation
hydrogen bonds:
raise the heat capacity of water
the strongest pull of tides comes from the
moon
all effect tides except
wind direction
floridas west coast experiences
diurnal tides
which is not true of the decay of bacteria?
carry out photosunthesis
protists that have a shell made of SiO (silicon) are called
diatoms
Theory
hypothesis tested and passes many test, widely accepted
first founder of marinebio
aristotle
first explorer to have a naturalist on board
james cook
solid layer of the earth found below the crust
mantle
lithogenic sediments come from
weathering of rocks
materials with the newly forming earth settled into layers according to
density
rule of constant proportions
amts of various ions in salt water
which type of light penetrates the least in water?
red
Secchi disk measures
water clarity
suns unequal heating of land and water causes
wind
currents in the northern hemis spin
right
currents in south hemis move
left
waters of the gulf stream are
warm
red tides are caused mostly by
dinoflagellates
radiolarians are characterized by
test made of silicon, look like stars
plankton that can be collected in a standard plankton net
microplankton
largest sized algae
brown
marine flowering plants
angiosperms
body of water that is connected by land and one ocean is
a sea
period of time when no learning took place
dark ages
thinnest layer of the earth
crust
how the earth originated
the big bang
salinity of seawater increases as
evaporation increase
pressure increases 1 atm every
33 ft
waves breaking at an angle help to form
sand bars
deep sea spiral currents called
eckman circulation
dinoflagellates that live in association reef building corals and other animals are known
zooxanthellae
which is not a protist?
bacteria (monera)
which mangrove leaf is green on one side but white or silver on the other?
white mangrove (Laguncularia)
ALVIN
deep sea sub operated by woodshole
reason to study marinebio?
food and survive
magnetic anomalities helped to show that
sea floor was spreading
super ocean!
panthalassa
substance of opposite charged ions
molecule ------ SALTS!
when a diver descneds, cavity air
collapses
waves that are produced by earthquakes are called
tsunamis
wind that blows from land to sea can cause
upwelling
the beach that has high wave crests and shorter wavelength is considered to be
high energy
bacteria reproduce by
binary fission
some bacteria can use phosphorus to make fod
luminescent
all belong to protista except
lichens
algae are economically important becuase they
are used as animal feed, food, and thickener
mangrove with prop roots
rhizophora -- red mangrove
holdfasts are absent in
brown algae -- sargassum
seagrasses
contain holdfasts
SCUBA was designed by Gagnan with hlep from
Jacques Costeau
some deep sea sponges produce discodermalide that helps cure
cancer
when scientists set up conditions in which hypothesis can be tested
experiment
carrageenan is
a thickener, IRISH MOSS
Suggested theory of plate tectonics
wagener
zones where sea floor is destroyed is called
subduction zones
feature of a passive margin would be
a wide continental shelf
density formula
d= M/V
organisms that live in or on the surface tension are called
neustons
all can affect the organism except
the water
beach zone is considered to be
high energy zone
name given to the shell of the diatom
frustule
some dinoflagellates produce
toxins
ALL PLANTS are falt tolerant must have a way to
filter out salt
air bladders
help keep algae stay near surface for light
lowest part of a wave
trough
holdfasts are absent in
sargassum
oceanic crust is largely made up of
basalt
ealy evidence of contintenal drift was suggested by
Bacon/Wegener
more recnet evidence for continental drift came from discrover of
mid oceanic ridges
FORIMINIFERA are
consumers, zooplankton
migratin of zooplankton that is determined by light of day is
diuranl
imature stage
larvae
arrow worm is
holoplankton
physalia is!
man-o-war
cannot make its own food
hetertroph
phylum Porifera means
sponges
the ability to grow new parts is called
regeneration
spicules are
skeletal structures of sponges
an animal that contains stinging capsules are
cnidarian
special cells that cary nutrients through the speong
collar cells
sponges are classified according to make up of
spicules
sessile anmials
do not move
all snidarians share all of features excpet
digestive sustem
soft corals belong to
gorgonians