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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHEN WAS THE USMC CREATED?
10 NOVEMBER 1775
WHO ESTABLISHED THE USMC?
CAPT SAMUAL NICHOLAS
WHERE WAS THE USMC ESTABLISHED?
TUN TAVERN, PHILA
WHO WAS THE PROPRIETOR OF TUN TAVERN?
ROBERT MULLEN'S WIFE: PEG MULLEN
WHO WAS THE FIRST MARINE CORPS RECRUITER?
ROBERT MULLEN
THE USMC (AS IT EXISTS TODAY) WAS FORMED WHEN?
11 JULY 1798
WHAT IS THE SYMBOL OF THE USMC?
THE EAGLE GLOBE AND ANCHOR
WHAT DOES THE EAGLE SYMBOLIZE?
IT RECOGNIZES OUR NATION
WHAT DOES THE GLOBE SYMBOLIZE?
IT RECOGNIZES OUR WORLDWIDE SERVICE
WHAT DOES THE ANCHOR SYMBOLIZE?
IT RECOGNIZES OUR NAVAL TRADITIONS
WHEN WAS THE EGA ADOPTED?
1868
WHO ADOPTED THE EGA?
BRIG GEN JACOB ZEALIN, 7TH COMM
THE TERM LEATHERNECK COMES FROM WHERE?
FROM 1798-1880, WHEN MARINES WORE A LEATHER STRAP TO PROTECT THEIR NECK FROM ENEMY SWORDS
WHAT IS THE MARINE CORPS MOTTO?
"SEMPER FIDELIS" = ALWAYS FAITHFUL
WHAT WAS THE MARINE CORPS MOTTO BEFORE "SEMPER FIDELIS"?
"BY LAND, BY SEA"
WHEN WAS THE MARINE CORPS MOTTO CHANGED TO "SEMPER FIDELIS"?
1880
WHERE DOES THE TERM "DEVIL DOG" COME FROM?
FROM THE BATTLE OF BELLEAU WOOD IN JUNE 1918
WHO WAS THE 1ST MARINE CORPS AVAITOR?
ALFRED A. CUNNINGHAM, IN 1912
WHO WAS THE 1ST FEMALE MARINE?
OPHA MAY JOHNSON, 13 AUGUST 1918
WHO WAS THE 1ST MARINE HELO PILOT TO RECEIVE THE MEDAL OF HONOR?
MAJOR STEPHEN PLESS
WHO WAS THE 1ST MARINE PILOT TO SHOOT DOWN AN ENEMY PLANE?
1ST LT E.S. BREWER
WHO WAS THE 1ST FEMALE MARINE WARRANT OFFICER?
CWO RUTH L. WOOD
WHO WAS THE 1ST MARINE OFFICER TO DIE IN BATTLE?
CAPT JOHN FITZPATRICK
WHICH MARINE SERVED THE LONGEST TERM AS COMMANDANT?
ARCHIBALD HENDERSON
HOW LONG DID ARCHIBALD HENDERSON SERVE AS COMMANDANT?
38 YEARS
HOW MUCH TIME IS THERE TO DON AND CLEAR A GAS MASK?
15 SECONDS
WHO INSTALLED THE OFFICE OF SGT MAJ OF THE MC?
GEN PATE, 21ST COMM, IN 1957
WHAT MARINE CORPS PILOT MANNED THE 1ST CAPSULE TO ORBIT THE EARTH?
LT COL JOHN H GLENN, ON 20 FEBRUARY 1962
WHEN WAS THE DRESS BLUE UNIFORM ADOPTED?
24 AUGUST 1797
WHO ADOPTED THE DRESS BLUE UNIFORM?
SEC OF WAR JAMES McHENRY
THE MAMELUKE SWORD WAS PRESENTED TO WHOM?
LT PRESLEY N O'BANNON
WHO PRESENTED THE MAMELUKE SWORD TO LT PRESLEY O'BANNON?
THE PASHA OF TRIPOLI
HOW MANY MARINES WERE KILLED ON THE ISLAND OF IWO JIMA?
APPROX. 5,931 MARINES
HOW MANY MARINES DIES ON THE 1ST DAY AT IWO JIMA?
APPROX. 2,500 MARINES
OF THE 6 AMERICANS PICTURES RAISING THE FLAG OVER MT SURIBACHI, HOW MANY LEFT THE ISLAND ALIVE?
THREE
HOW MANY MARINES SUFFERED CASUALTIES AT IWO JIMA?
26,000 MARINES
HOW MANY JAPANESE WOULD BECOME PRISONERS AT IWO JIMA?
FEWER THAN 200, THE OTHER 26,000 FOUGHT TO THEIR DEATH
WHO COINED THE PHRASE "UNCOMMON VALOR WAS A COMMON VIRTUE" ON IWO JIMA?
FLEET ADMIRAL CHESTER W. NIMITZ
WHO SAID "THE RAISING OF THAT FLAG ON MT SURIBACHI MEANS A MARINE CORPS FOR THE NEXT 500 YEARS"?
SEC OF NAVY JAMES V. FORRESTAL
WHO TOOK THE PICTURE OF THE FLAG RAISING ON MT SURIBACHI?
JOE ROSENTHAL
HOW MANY MARINES RECEIVED THE MEDAL OF HONOR DURING WWII?
81 MARINES
HOW MANY MARINES RECEIVED THE MEDAL OF HONOR FOR THEIR HEROIC ACTS ON IWO JIMA?
22 MARINES
WHERE WAS THE LAST OFFENSIVE BATTLE OF WWII?
OKINAWA
HOW MANY KAMIKAZE PLANES WERE SENT AGAINST OUR FLEET AT OKINAWA?
APPROX 1,900
THE B-29 "ENOLA GAY" RELEASED THE 1ST ATOMIC BOMB ON WHAT CITY?
HIROSHIMA, ON 6 AUGUST 1945
how many japanese people were killed from the Hiroshima A-bomb?
Approx 70,000
The 2nd atomic bomb was dropped on what city?
Nagasaki, on August 9th, 1945
How many japanese people were killed from the 2nd A-bomb?
Approx 40,000
Who said, " I have just returned from visiting the Marines at the front, & there is NOT a finer fighting organization in the world"?
Gen Douglas MacArthur, WWII
What battleship did the Japanese surrender on, ending WWII ?
The USS Missouri
Who said, "So they've got us surrounded, GooD! Now we can fire in any direction. The bastards won't get away this time"?
Col Chesty Puller
Why were replacement marines sent to Pickle Meadows, CA, before going into the Korean War?
Cold Weather Training
How many marines were taken prisoner during the Korean War?
227 Marines
How many Americans were taken prisoner during the Korean War?
7,190 Americans
Marines have carried out more than ___ landings on foreign shores.
300 landings
"Semper Fidelis" is Latin for what?
"Always Faithful"
The USMC mascot, an Engish bulldog, is named after which Marine Corps officer?
"Chesty" for Lewis B. Puller
CPL Ira Hayes is remembered for the flag raising on...?
Mt. Suribachi
What was the name of the fort that was taken without a shot?
Fort Montaque, New Providence, Bahamas
How many Marines comprised the war party in Triploi?
Seven
After Pearl Harbor, what 2 islands were invaded by the Japanese?
Guam & Wake Is.
When did the Japanese officially surrender?
02 September 1945
Why was it important to take Hills 881 North & South (In Vietnam)?
To deny the N Vietnamese control of the Quang Tri province & khe Sanh
What was the name of the operation that involved the protecting of rice crops from Guerrilas?
Harvest Moon
What 3 battles comprised the 3 crosses of war in WWI?
Belleau Wood, Mont Blanc, Soissons
What was the name of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima?
Fat Boy
name the conflicts that occurred since WWII?
Korea, Vietnam, Dominican Rep, Iran, Lebanon, Grenada, SS Mayaguez
What Marine was the only Marine to earn 5 Navy Crosses?
Lt Gen Lewis "Chesty" Puller
What was the 1st American outpost to fall to the Japanese?
Guam
How long were the hostages held in the American embassy in Tehran, Iran?
444 days
Where was teh 1st amphibious assault after WWII?
Inchon, Korea
What landing craft vehicle is used to transport Marines on land & sea?
LVTP-7
Who said "Retreat? Hell, We just got here!!!"
Capt Lloyd Williams replying to a French officer's desire to retreat.
What was Lt Col Anthony Gale convicted of in his court martial in October 1820?
Conduct unbecoming to an officer
In what war were the most Marines killed and died of wounds?
WWII - 19,733
In what war were the most marines wounded in action?
SE Asia - 88,591
When was the war in SE Asia?
1961-1975
In what war did the Marines have the most casualties, all causes?
SE Asia - 103,255
Who officially recognized Scarlet and Gold as the official Marine Corps colors?
Gen John A Lejeune
Who was the 1st Commandant of the Marine Corps to be appointed by the President?
William Ward Burrows
What was the name of the plane that dropped the 2nd atomic bomb?
Boxcar
How many bombing missions were flown in WWI ?
57
What battle was the 1st seaborn assault against a coral Atoll?
Tarawa
Whose marines wore red uniforms that are commemorated by the red piping on the dress blue uniforms?
John Paul Jones
Who is the Grand Ol' Man of the Marine Corps?
Brig Gen Archibald Hendorson
What was the last amphibious operation of the Civil War?
The capture of Ft Fisher, Virgina
What units are authorized to wear the French Forregeare?
5th and 6th Marine Regiments and the 6th Machine Gun Battalion
What standard NATO marker is red with yellor lettering?
Chemical agents, but specifically Chemical Minefield
Who were the 1st two black marines to enlist in the marine corps?
Alfred Masters & George Thompson
What was the purpose of Operation Starlight in Vietnam?
To deny the N Vietnamese their sanctuaries along the coast.