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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Characteristics of living things:
Grow, metabolize, react to environment, and reproduce
What are carbohydrates made of?
C, H, and O2--- which is Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
What are Proteins made of?
Sub units call amino acids ...like carbohydrates with added nitrogen
Enzyme
The catalyze for protein. It speed up the chemical reaction.
Two kinds of proteins:
l. structural
2. those that carry chemical messages, produce light, carry oxygen and other functions.
Lipids
Fats. functions in energy storage and water resistance.
Nucleic Acids
store and carry genetic information and made of nucleotides
Photosynthesis
catches light energy from the sun by chlorophyll, CO2 and water to make glucose. Oxygen is produced.
Interspecific
competition between similar species.
Intraspecific
competition between members of the same species
symbiosis
when organisms develop close relationships: Mutualism, Commensalism, and Parasitism.
Mutualism
Both benefit from relationship
Commensalism
One benefits while the other neither benefits or is harmed
parasitism
when one, the parasite, lives off the other, the host and only the parasite benefits.
Asexual reproduction
Reproduction by Cell division, Fission, Budding, or by runners.
Cell division
the way most single celled organism reproduce.
Fission
organism sp0lit in half to form two new organisms
Budding
the parent develops small growths, or buds that break away to become a new individual.
Sexual reproduction
the union of gametes. Egg and sperm fuse to create a genetically distinct individual.
species
a population of organisms that share common characteristics and DO NOT reproduce with other populations. EX: dogs and dogs
five kingdoms
Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Protista, Monera
heterotropic
bacteria that obtain their energy from organic matter. Decomposers
autotrophic
bacteria that can make their own organic compounds: by Chemosynthetic (without sunlight) and Photosynthetic (light energy from Carbon dioxide)
bacteria
is procaryotic which means simple cells lacking internal organelles.
Chemnosynthetic
bacteria that produce their own food fron inorganic compound without sunlight.
Photosynthetic
bacteria that traps light energy to manufacture organic compounds from carbon dioxide.
Archaea
a bacteria group of prokaryotics found in EXTREME environments (even acidic)
Diatoms
unicellular organisms that have a glasslike covering made of silica. Reproduces sexually and asexually.
dinoflagellates
unicellular protist. 2 flagella for locomotion. Responsible for the Red Tide. (reproductive bloom)
Protozoans
heterotrophic(ingest food) and animal like protist. Foraminiferans, Radiolarians, and Ciliates.
Foraminiferans
(forams) are shelled amoebas that are found in large numbers in marine environment.
Radiolarians
Protozoans tht have intricate silica shells. use needle like psuedopods to capture food.
Ciliates
protozoa that have many hair-like cilia used for locomotion and feeding.
fungi
have cells with cell walls. Decomposers that help recyle nutrients back into the environment.
seaweed
multicellular algae, mostly benthic organisms. 3 major groups by photosynthetic pigments. they have thallus adn a root-like holdfast. Do not have true leaves, stems, nor roots.
types of seaweed
Red algae, brown algae, and green algae
brown algae
develops large leaf-like sructures called blades. Rockweed, Sargassum weed, and Kelps.
green algae
freshwater organisms.
epiphytes
live on another organism
edophytes
live in within another organism.
sea grasses
a marine plant found in shallow water
Salt Marsh
marine plants that grow mainly in the middle to upper intertidal zones; protected from wave actions.
mangroves
tropical trees and shrubs that grow in sand and mud.
sponges
sessile animals that filter food from the water circulating through their bodies.
cnidarians
exhibit radial symmetry and are named for the sting cell, or cnidocyte
nematodes
roundworms, the most numerous animals on the earth.
Molluscs
soft bodies covered by a shell composed of calcium carbonate,.
crustaceans
make up majority of the zooplankton that is a major link between phytoplankton consumer in oceanic food webs.
echinoderms
have radial symmetry as adults.
Tunicates
Sea Squirts (filter feeder) and Larvaceans (free swimming tunicates that produce enclosures made of mucus used for feeding.
major groups of fish
Agnatha, cartilaginous, bony fish
agnatha
jawless fish will eel like bodies but lack jaws and paired appendages. (NO SCALES)
ex: hagfish, lamphreys
cartilaginous
fish with placoid scales, body is entirely cartilage and do not have any bone. ex: sharks, rays, skates, ratfish, spookfish
bony fish
skelton make of bone. The largest group of living vertabrates. Usually have cycloid scales.
filaments
rod like structuresthat fish's gills are composed of.
fusiform
the body shape of of active swimming fish (tapered toward each end) EX: tuna, marlin