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106 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Atel/o
Incomplete; imperfect
Atelectasis
Incomplete expansion (-ectasis) of the lung
Condi/o
Dust
Pneumoconiosis
Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
Lob/o
Lobe
Lobectomy
Excision of a lobe
Orth/o
Straight
Orthopnea
Breathing in a straight or upright position
Ox/i
Ox/o
Oxygen
Oximeter
instrument (-meter) used for measuring oxygen
Atel/o
Incomplete; imperfect
Atelectasis
Incomplete expansion (-ectasis) of the lung
Coni/o
Dust
Pneumoconiosis
Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
Lob/o
Lobe
Lobectomy
Excision of a lobe
Orth/o
Straight
Orthopnea
Breathing in a straight or upright position
Ox/i
Ox/o
Oxygen
Oximeter
instrument used for measuring oxygen
Phren/o
Diaphragm; mind
Subphrenic
Below the diaphragm
Spir/o
Breathe
Spirometer
Instrument for measuring breathing
-capnia
Carbon Dioxide
Hypercapnia
Excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
-osmia
Smell
Anosmia
Without the sense of smell
-phonia
Voice
Dysphonia
Bad or impaired voice quality
-pnea
Breathing
Apnea
Without or not breathing
-ptysis
Spitting
Hemoptysis
Spitting or coughing up blood
Auscultation
Listening for sounds within the body using a stethoscope
Epitaxis
Nosebleed
Hypoxemia
Deficiency of oxygen in the blood
Hypoxia
Deficiency of oxygen in tissues
Pleurisy
Inflammation of the pleural membrane that causes pain and increased by coughing or deep breathing
Spirometry
A measurement of breathing or lung volumes
Ather/o
Fatty plaque
Atheroma
Tumor of fatty plaque
Hemangi/o
Blood vessel
Hemangioma
Tumor of blood vessels
Phleb/o
Ven/o
Vein
Phlebectasis

Venostasis
expansion of a vein

standing still of blood in a vein
Sten/o
Narrowing; stricture
Stenotic
Pertaining to a narrowing or stricture
Thromb/o
Blood clot
Thrombolysis
Destruction of a blood clot
Arrhythmia
Inability of the heart to maintain a normal rhythm
Bruit
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation, possibly due to vibrations associated with the movement of blood, valvular action, or both; murmor
Cardiomyopathy
Any disease or weakening of the heart muscle that diminished cardiac function
Coarctation
Narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
Embolus
Mass of undissolved matter (foreign object, air, gas, tissue, thrombus) circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
Infarct
Area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
Ischemia
Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction
Palpitation
Sensation that the heart is not beating normally
Thrombus
Blood clot that osbtructs a vessel
Meat/o
Opening; meatus
Meatotomy
incision of the meatus
Pyel/o
Renal pelvis
Pyelonephritis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
Ur/o
Urine; urinary tract
Urolith
Stone in the urinary tract
Andr/o
Male
Androgenic
Pertaining to maleness
Balan/o
Glans penis
Balanoplasty
Surgical repair of the glans penis
Orch/o
Orchi/o
Orchid/o
Test/o
Testis; testes
Orchitis

Testectomy
Inflammation of the testes

Excision of the testes
Perine/o
Perineum
Perineal
Pertaining to the perineum
Varic/o
Dilated vein
Varicocele
Swelling (-cele) of a dilated vein
Vas/o
Vessel; vas deferens; duct
Vasectomy
removal of the vas deferens
Azot/o
Nitrogenous compounds
Oliguria
Diminished capacity to form and pass urine, resulting from inefficient excretion of the end products of metabolism
Crypt/o
Hidden
Cryptorchidism
Condition of hidden testes
Kal/i
Potassium
Hypokalemia
abnormally low concentration of potassium in the blood
Noct/o
Night
Olig/o
Scanty
Oligospermia
Condition of scanty production of sperm
Py/o
Pus
Pyorrhea
Flow or discharge of pus
-spadias
Slit; fissure
Hypospadias
A fissure under the penis
-uria
Urine
Polyuria
Much excretion of urine
Azotemia
Retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds (urea, creatinine, uric acid) in the blood; uremia
Dysuria
Painful or difficult urination
Enuresis
Involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence
Micturate
To urinate or void
Calc/o
Calcium
Crin/o
Secrete
Endocrinology
Study of endocrine glands and their function
Gluc/o
Glyc/o
Glycos/o
Sugar; sweetness
Glucogenesis

Hypoglycemia

Glycosuria
Forming or producing glucose

Abnormally low level of glucose in the blood

Abnormal amount of glucose in the urine
Diuresis
Increased formation and secretion of urine
Hirsutism
Excessive distribution of body hair; especially in women
Virile
Masculine or having characteristics of a man
Hypervolemia
Abnormal increase in the volume or circulating fluid (plasma) in the body
Virilism
Masculinization in a woman or development of male secondary sex characteristics in a woman