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99 Cards in this Set

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Ankyl/o
Stiffness; bent; crooked
Anklyosis
abnormal condition (-osis) of stiffness
Lord/o
curve; swayback
Lordosis
abnormal condition (-osis) of a swayback posture
Kyph/o
humpback
Kyphosis
abnormal condition (-osis) of a humpback posture
Spondyl/o
Vertebr/o
Vertebrae
Spondylitis

Intervetebral
Inflammation (-itis) of the vertebrae

Relating to the area between the vertebrae
Leiomy/o
Smooth muscle; visceral
Leiomyoma
Tumor (oma) of the smooth muscle
-asthenia
Weakness; debility
Myasthenia
Weakness of a muscle
-clasia
To break; surgical fracture
Osteoclasia
Surgical fracture of a bone (osteo)
-clast
To break
Osteoclast
Cell that breaks down bone
-desis
Binding; fixation
Arthrodesis
binding together of a joint (arthr/o)
-malacia
Softening
Chondromalacia
softening of the cartilage (chondr/o)
-physis
Growth
Epiphysis
Growth upon (epi) the end of a long bone
-porosis
Porous
Osteoporosis
porous bone
Claudication
Lameness; limping
Contracture
Fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint
Crepitation
Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together from fracture or joint destruction
Hemarthrosis
Effusion of blood into a joint cavity
Hypotonia
Loss of muscular tone or a diminished resistance to passive stretching
Osteophyte
Bony outgrowth; bone spur
Sprain
Tearing of a ligament tissue
Strain
Muscular injury
Subluxation
Partial or incomplete dislocation
Kinesi/o
Movement
Bradykinesia
condition of slow movement
Narc/o
Sleep; stupor; numbness
Narcotic
Relating to sleep
Radicul/o
Nerve root
Radiculalgia
pain in the nerve root
Ton/o
Tension
Dystonia
Bad or poor muscle tone
-angesia
-algia
Pain
Analgesia

Myalgia
absence of pain

muscle pain
-esthesia
Feeling
Hyperesthesia
increased feeling
-lepsy
Seizure
Narcolepsy
Seizure of sleep
-paresis
Partial paralysis
Hemiparesis
paralysis of one-half of the body; hemiplegia
-plegia
Paralysis
Quadriplegia
paralysis of four extremities
-taxia
Order; condition
Ataxia
without coordination
Convulsion
Any sudden and violent contraction of one or more muscles
Dementia
Broad term that refers to cognitive deficit, including memory impairment
Fascination
Involuntary contraction or twitching of muscle fibers, visible under the skin
Lethargy
Abnormal inactivity or lack of response to normal stimuli
Palsy
Paralysis, usually partial, and commonly characterized by weakness and shaking or uncontrolled tremor
Paralysis
Loss of voluntary motion in one or more muscle groups with or without loss of sensation
Paresthesia
Sensation of numbness, prickling, tingling, or heightened sensitivity
Syncope
Temporary loss of consciousness due to the sudden decline of blood flow to the brain
Or/o
Stomat/o
Mouth
Oral

Stomatitis
Pertaining to the mouth

Inflammation of the mouth
Gloss/o

Lingu/o
Tongue
Glossectomy

Lingual
Removal of all or part of the tongue

Pertaining to the tongue
Bucc/o
Cheek
Buccal
Pertaining to the cheek
Cheil/o
Labi/o
Lip
Cheiloplasty

Labial
Surgical repair of a defective lip

Pertaining to the lips
Sial/o
Saliva, salivary gland
Sialolith
Calculus / stone (-lith) formed in a salivary gland or duct
Cholangi/o
Bile vessel
Cholangiole
small terminal portion of the bile duct
Chol/e
Bile; gall
Cholelith
Gallstone / calculus
Choledoch/o
Bile duct
Choledochoplasty
Surgical repair of the common bile duct
-iasis
Abnormal condition produced by something specific
Cholelithiasis
Presence or formation of gall stones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
-megaly
Enlargement
Hepatomegaly
enlargement of the liver
-orexia
Appetite
Anorexia
loss of an appetite
-pepsia
Digestion
Dyspepsia
Discomfort after eating; indigestion
-phagia
Swallowing; eating
Aerophagia
Swallowing air
-prandial
Meal
Post prandial
Following a meal
Ascites
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Borborygmi
Rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
Cachexia
Physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass
Colic
Spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ accompanied by pain
Flatus
Expulsion of gas in the GI track from a body orifice, especially the anus
Hematemesis
Vomiting of blood
Melena
Passage of dark-colored, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
Obstipation
Severe constipation
Peristalsis
Progressive, wavelike movements that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes of the body, especially the GI tract
Steatorrhea
Passage of fat in the feces due to failure to digest and absorb it