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289 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are tissues?
- a group of cells that are similar in structure and perform a common function
At its most basic level, what is the function of epithelial tissue?
- provides covering
At its most basic level, what is the function of connective tissue?
- provides support
At its most basic level, what is the function of muscle tissue?
- provides movement
At its most basic level, what is the function of nervous tissue?
- provides control
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" provides covering "
- epithelium
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" provides support "
- connective tissue
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" provides control "
- nervous tissue
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" provides movement "
- muscle tissue
What is histology?
the study of tissues
What is the study of tissues?
- histology
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" internal communication "
nervous tissue
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" in large amounts in the brain, spinal cord and nerves "
nervous tissue
What tissue type is best described by the following statement :

" contacts to cause movement "
muscle tissue
What are three types of muscle tissue?
- skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Skeletal, cardiac and smooth are three types of ________ tissue.
muscle
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" forms boundaries between different environments, protects, secretes, absorbs, filters "
- epithelium
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" supports, protects, binds other tissues together "
connective tissue
What type of tissue would most likely be found on the epidermis?
epithelial tissue
What type of tissue would you most likely find lining the GI tract organs?
epithelial tissue
What type of tissues would you most likely find in bones or tendons?
connective tissue
What type of tissue would you most likely find in fat?
connective tissue
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" a sheet of cells that covers a body surface or lines a cavity "
epithelium
Epithelial tissue is a sheet of cells that _______ a body surface or ________ a cavity.
covers ; lines
What are the two types of epithelial tissue?
- covering / lining epithelia

- glandular epithelia
What are the types of epithelial tissue characterized by ?
location
Covering / lining epithelia is found where?
on external and internal surfaces
What is glandular epithelia?
- a type of epithelium

- secretory tissue in glands
What are the functions of epithelial tissue?
- protection
- absorption
- filtration
- excretion
- secretion

- sensory reception
Epithelial tissue cells have polarity - apical (_________) and basal (_________) surfaces
upper, free ; lower, attached
What term describes the upper, free surface of epithelial tissue?
apical
What term describes the lower, attached surface of epithelial tissue?
basal
Apical surfaces may bear _______ (brush border of intestinal lining) or _________ (lining of trachea).
microvilli ; cilia
_________ surfaces may bear microvilli (brush border of intestinal lining) or cilia (lining of trachea).
Apical
What are microvilli?
the brush border of intestinal lining
What are cilia?
lining of trachea
What is best described by the following statement:

" the brush border of intestinal lining "
microvilli
What is best described by the following statement:

" lining of the trachea "
cilia
What characterizes the basal surface of epithelial tissue?
- noncellular

- basal lamina

- glycoprotein and collagen lie adjacent to basal lamina
What structures lie adjacent to the basal lamina of epithelial tissues?
- glycoprotein and collagen
Microvilli and cilia are found on the______ surface of epithelial cells.
apical
Epithelial cells are closely packed cells. They are continuous sheets held together by __________.
tight junctions
Each epithelial tissue is given a ________ name.
two-part
The first part of the name given to specific types of epithelial tissue is characterized by what?
the number of layers
Simple epithelium is characterized by what?
a single layer of cells
Stratified epithelium is characterized by what?
more than one layer of cells
What type of epithelium is represented by the picture?
simple epithelium
What type of epithelium is best characterized by the picture?
stratified epithelium
What does the second part of the name of epithelial cells describe?
the shape of the cells
What does "squamos" mean?
flat, saclike
What does "cuboidal" mean?
boxlike, height approximately equal to width
What does "columnar" mean?
tall, colum-shaped
If stratified, the tissue is named according to the _________ layer of cells.
apical
The pictures represent what three types of epithelial cells?
(from top to bottom):

- squamos

- cuboidal

- columnar
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
simple squamos epithelium

description: single layer of flatted cells with disc-shaped central nuclei and sparse cytoplasm; the simplest of epithelium

function: allows passage of materials by diffusion and filtration in sites where protection is not important; secretes lubricating substances in serosae

location: kidney glomeruli; air sacs of lungs; lining of heart, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels; lining of ventral body cavity
Squamos, cuboidal, and columnar are classifications of epithelial tissue based on ________.
shape
What are four types of simple epithelia?
- simple squamos

- simple cuboidal

- simple columnar

- pseudostratified columnar
What characterizes simple epithelia?
- thin barrier; not very protective

- best suited for absorption, secretion and filtration
Why are simple epithelia best suited for absorption, secretion and filtration?
thin barrier; not very protective
Endothelium is a subset of _________ tissue.
epithelial (simple squamos)
Mesothelium is a subset of _______ tissue
epithelial (simple squamos)
Endothelium is a type of ____________ epithelium.
simple squamos
Mesothelium is a type of ___________ epithelium.
simple squamos
Where is endothelium located?
the lining of lymphatic vessels, blood vessels and the heart
Where is mesothelium located?
the epithelium of serous membranes in the ventral body cavity
What type of tissue would you most expect to find in the air sacs of the lungs?
simple squamos epithelium
What type of tissue would you most expect to find forming part of the alveolar walls?
simple squamos epithelium
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
Simple cuboidal epithelium

- single layer of cubelike cells with large, spherical nuclei

function: secretion and absorption

location: kidney tubules, ducts and secretary portions of small glands; ovary surfaces
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
Simple columnar epithelium

- single layer of tall cells with round to oval nuclei

- some bear cilia

- some have goblet cells
function: absorption; secretion of mucus, enzymes and other substances; ciliary types propels mucus

location: mostly digestive tract
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

- single layer of cells of differing heights

- nuclei seen at varying levels

function: secretion, particularily by mucus (uses ciliary action for propelling)

location: mostly in the respiratory tract
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
stratified squamos epithelium

- thick membrane composed of several cell layers

- basal cells are cuboidal or columnar and metabolically active

- surface cells are squamos and dead

function: protect underlying tissues in areas subject to abrasion

location: nonkeratinized types are found in moist linings (mouth, vagina, esophagous) while keratinized form outer layer of skin. lots in respiratory tract.
What tissue type is shown in the picture? What is a general description of this tissue type? What is the function of this tissue type? Where is this tissue type located?
transitional epithelium

- resemble both stratified squamos and stratified cuboidal

- surface cells dome shaped or squamoslike, depending on degree of organ stretch

function: stretches readily and permits distension of urinary organ by containing urine

location: urinary tract
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
connective tissue: areolar

- gel-like matrix with all three fiber types (cells, fibroblasts, macrophages, mast cells) and some wbc

function: wraps and cushions organs, important role in inflammation, holds and conveys tissue fluid

location: widely distributed under epithelia of body
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
Connective tissue proper: loose connective tissue / adipose

description: closely packed adipocytes

function: provides reserve food fuel; insulates against heat loss; supports and protects organs

location: under skin in the hypdermis; around kidneys and eyeballs; within abdomen; in breasts
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
connective tissue: loose, reticular

description: network of reticular fibers in a typical loose ground substance

function: fibers form a soft internal skeleton (stroma) that supports other cell types including white blood cells, mast cells and macrophages

location: lymphoid organs (lymph nodes, bone marrow and spleen)
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
connective tissue proper: dense regular

- primarily parallel collagen fibers; a few elastic fibers; major cell type is fibroblast

function: attaches muscles to bones or to muscles attaches bones to bones; withstands great tensile stress when pulling force is applied in one direction

location: tendons, most ligaments, aponeuroses.
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
connective tissue proper: dense irregular

description: primarily irregularly arranged collagen fibers; some elastic fibers; major cell type is the fibroblast

function: able to withstand tension exerted in many different directions; provides structural strength

location: fibrous capsules of organs and joints; dermis of the skin; sub mucosa of the digestive tract
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
connective tissue: dense, elastic

description: contains a high proportion of elastic fibers

function: allows a recoil of tissue following stretching; maintains pulsatile flow of blood through arteries; aids passive recoil of lungs following inspiration

location: walls of large arteries; within certain ligaments associated wit the verebral column; within the walls of the bronchial tubes, walls of aorta
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
hyaline cartilage

description: amorphous but firm matrix, collagen fibers form an inperceptible network; chondroblasts produce the matrix and when mature (chondrocytes) lie in lacunae

functions: supports and reinforces; has resilient cushioning properties; resists compressive stress

location: forms most of the embryonic skeleton; covers the ends of long bones in joint cavities; forms costal cartilages of the ribs; cartilages of the nose, trachea and larynx. forms costal cartilages of ribs
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
Elastic cartilage

description: similar to hyaline cartilage, but more elastic fibers in matrix

function: maintains the shape of a structure while allowing greater flexibility

location: supports the external ear (plnna); epiglottis
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
fibrocartilage

description: matrix similar to but less firm than that in hyaline cartilage; thick collagen fibers predominate

function: tensile strength with the ability to absorb compressive shock

location: intevertebral discs, pubic symphysis, discs of knee joint
Name and describe the specific tissue type shown. Where would you expect to find it in the body?
Bone (osseous tissue)

description: hard, calcified matrix containing many collagen fibers. very well vascularized

function: bone supports and functions (by enclosing); provides levers for the muscles to act on; stores calcium and other minerals and fat; marrow inside bones is the site for blood cell formation (hematopoiesis)

location: bones
What type of tissue is shown? What is the general structure of this tissue? What is the function of this tissue? where is this tissue located?
description: red and white blood cells in a fluid matrix (plasma)

function: transport of respiratory gases, nutrients, wastes and other substances

location: contained within blood vessels
What is the type of tissue shown?

What is the general structure like? What is the function? Where is it normally located?
nervous tissue

description: neurons are branching cells; cell processes that may be quite long extend from the nucleus-containing cell body; also contributing to nervous tissue are nonirritable supporting cells

function: transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors and to effectors that control their activity

location: brain, spinal cord, nerves
What is the type of tissue shown? What is the general structure like? What is the function? Where is it located?
Skeletal muscle

description: long, cylindrical, multinucleate cells; obvious striations

functions: voluntary movement, locomotion, manipulation of the environment; facial expression; voluntary control

location: in skeletal muscles attached to bones or occasionally to the skin
What is the type of tissue shown? What is the general structure like? what is the function? Where is it located?
Cardiac muscle

description: branching, striated, generally uninucleate cells that inderdigitate at specialized junctions known as intercalcated disks

functions: as it contracts, it propels blood into the circulation; involuntary control

location: the walls of the heart
What is the type of tissue shown? what is the structure like? What is the function? Where is it located?
smooth muscle

description: spindle-shaped cells with central nuclei, no striations; cells arranged closely to form sheets

functions: propels substances or objects along internal pathways; involuntary control

location: mostly in the walls of hollow organs
What is the most basic function of simple cuboidal epithelium?
secretion and absorption
What specific type of tissue is best described by the following statement:

" single layer of cubelike cells with large, spherical central nuclei "
simple cuboidal epithelium
What specific type of tissue is best described by the following statement:

" single layer of tall cells with round to oval nuclei "
simple columnar epithelium
What is the most basic function of simple columnar epithelium?
- absorption and secretion
What specific type of tissue is characterized by the presence of goblet cells?
simple columnar epithelium
What are goblet cells?
- mucuos-secreting unicellular glands
What is best described by the following statement:

" mucuos-secreting unicellular glands "
goblet cells
What type of specific tissue would you most likely find lining the digestive tract?
simple columnar epithelium
Why would you most expect simple columnar epithelium to be lining the digestive tract?
often have cilia and/or dense microvilli that helps move substances along
What specific type of tissue is best characterized by the following statement:

" single layer of cells of differing heights, nuclei seen at differing levels "
pseudostratified columnar epithelium
What type (s) of epithelial cells are characterized by the possible presence of cilia?
simple columnar epithelium and pseudostratified columnar epithelium
What specific type of epithelial tissue would you most likely find lining kidney tubules?
- simple cuboidal epithelium
What specific type of eptihelial tissue would you most likely find in male's sperm carrying ducts?
- pseudostratified columnar epithelium (non-ciliated variety)
Stratified epithelia is best suited for ________ functions.
protective
How are stratified epithelia named?
stratified = more than one cell layer

second part of name is dependent on the cell type of the APICAL layer
What specific type of tissue is best suited for protecting underlying tissues in areas subjected to abrasion?
stratified squamos epithelium
Why is stratified squamos epithelia best suited for protecting underlying tissues in areas subjected to abrasion?
- it is very thick, with a keratinized outer layer.

- basal cells are metabolically active, while outer cells are dead
What specific type of tissue is best characterized by the following statement:

" basal cells are columnar or cuboidal while the surface cells are squamos "
several layers, indicating stratified

apical layer is squamos

so: stratified squamos epithelium
What specific tissue type would you most expect to find in the moist linings of the esophagous, mouth and vagina?
stratified squamos epithelium (non-keratinized types)
What specific tissue type would you most expect to find on the epidermis of the skin?
stratified squamos epithelium (keratinized type)
Stratified cuboidal epithelia are _______ in the body.
rare
What rare tissue type would you most expect to find in some sweat and mammary glands?
stratified cuboidal epithelia
Stratified cuboidal epithelia are typically ________ cell layers thick.
two
Stratified columnar epithelia are ______ in the body.
rare
What specific tissue type is best described by teh following statement:

" small amounts in pharynx, male urethra, and lining some glandular ducts "
stratified columnar epithelia
What specific tissue type occurs at transition areas between two other types of epithelia?
stratified columnar epithelia
What specific tissue type would you most likely find lining the urinary bladder?
- transitional epithelium
What specific tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" stretches readily and permits distension "
transitional epithelium
What specific tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" resembles both stratified squamos and stratified cuboidal "
transitional epithelium
What is the apical surface of transitional epithelium like?
- squamoslike or dome shaped depending on amount of organ stretch, hence the "transitional"
What is the basal surface of transitional epithelium like?
cuboidal or columnar
What type of tissues resemble transitional epithelium?
stratified squamos and stratified cuboidal
What is a gland?
- one or more cells that makes and secretes an aqueous fluid
Glands are classified as what tissue type?
epithelia
Glands are further divided into ______ and ______ depending on the site of product release.
endocrine; exocrine
_______ glands are internally secreting.
endocrine
Endocrine glands are ________ secreting.
internally
True or false: Endocrine glands secrete products into ducts.
false because:

endocrine glands are DUCTLESS
True or false: Exocrine glands secrete products into ducts
true
Does the following statement describe exocrine or endocrine glands :

" secrete hormones that travel through lymph or blood to target organs "
endocrine
Does the following statement describe endocrine or exocrine glands:

" secretions released onto body surfaces (skin) or into body cavities "
exocrine
Does the following statement describe endocrine or exocrine glands:

" examples include mucous, sweat, oil and salivary glands "
exocrine
What are some examples of exocrine glands?
mucuos, sweat, oil and salivary glands
Exocrine glands are _______ secreting.
externally
What is the most abundant and widely distributed tissue type in the body?
connective tissue
What are the four classes of connective tissue?
connective tissue proper, cartilage, bone tissue and blood
What are the types of stratified epithelia?
- stratified squamos

- stratified cuboidal

- stratified columnar

- transitional epithelia
True or false: pseudostratified columnar epithelia is a type of stratified epithelia.
false
True or false: pseudostratified columnar epithelia is a type of simple epithelia.
true
True or false: transitional epithelia is found between transitions of two other types of epithelia.
false because:

stratified columnar epithelia is found between transitions of two other types of epithelia.
True or false: transitional epithelia is a type of simple epithelia
false
True or false: transitional epithelia is a type of stratified epithelia
true
Blood is a type of _______ tissue.
connective
Bone is a type of _______ tissue.
connective
Cartilage is a type of _______ tissue.
connective
What falls under the category of connective tissue proper?
- loose connective tissue (areolar, adipose, reticular)

- dense connective tissue (regular, irregular and elastic)
Areolar connective tissue is considered a part of loose or dense connective tissue?
loose
Adipose connective tissue is considered a part of loose or dense connective tissue?
loose
Reticular connective tissue is considered a part of loose or dense connective tissue?
loose
Regular connective tissue is considered a part of loose or dense connective tissue?
dense
Irregular connective tissue is considered a part of loose or dense connective tissue?
dense
Elastic connective tissue is considered a part of loose or dense connective tissue?
dense
What are the types of loose connective tissue?
areolar, adipose and reticular
What are the types of dense connective tissue?
regular, irregular and elastic
What are the types of carilages?
hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage
What are the major functions of connective tissue?
- binding and support

- protection

- insulation

- transportation of substances within the body
Connective tissues have _________ as their common tissue of origin.
mesenchyme
What is mesenchyme?
- The common tissue of origin for all connective tissue

- it is an embryonic connective tissue

- gel-like ground substance with fibers and star-shaped mesenchymal cells
Mesenchyme is an __________ connective tissue.
embryonic
True or false: connective tissues have varying degrees of vascularity
true
True or false: connective tissues are all avascular
false
True or false: conenctive tissues are all highly vascularized
false
Describe the extracellular matrix characteristic of connective tissue.
- nonliving

- ground substance and fibers

- contains interstitial fluid

- has cell adhesion proteins

- proteoglycans
What are shared characteristics of all connective tissue?
- have mesenchyme as their common tissue of origin

- have varying degrees of vascularity

- cells are seperated by nonliving extraceullular matrix
What is ground substance?
- a structural element of connective tissue extracellular matrix

- containsinterstitial fluid, cell adhesion proteins and proteoglycans
What are proteoglycans?
- protein core + large polysaccharides

- trap water in varying amounts, affecting the viscosity of the ground substance
What determines the viscoscity of the ground substance found in connective tissue?
- the amount of water trapped by the proteoglycans
What structural element is best described by the following statement:

" interstitial fluid, cell adhesion proteins and proteoglycans make up this structural element "
ground substance of connective tissue
What structural element is best described by the following statement:

" medium through which solutes diffuse between blood capillaries and cells "
ground substance of connective tissue
What type of tissue is best described by the following statement:

" cells are seperated by nonliving extracellular matrix "
connective tissue
_________ tissues have mesenchyme as their common tissue of origin.
connective tissue
What three types of fibers are the "options" for making up connective tissue?
collagen, elastic or reticular
Collagen, elastic and reticular are three types of ________ that make up _______ tissue.
fibers ; connective
Connective tissue has two broad strucutural elements. What are they?
cells and extracellular matrix
What are the characteristics of collagen fibers?
- white fibers

- strongest and most abundant type

- provides high tensile strength due to cross-linking
What are the characeristics of elastic fibers?
- networks of long, thin, elastin fibers that allow for stretch
What are the characteristics of reticular fibers?
- short, fine, higly branched collagenous fibers
What type of fiber is best characterized by the following description:

" strongest and most abundant type "
- collagen
What type of fiber is best characterized by the following description:

" provides high tensile strength due to cross-linking "
- collagen
What type of fiber is best characterized by the following description:

" networks of long, thin elastin fibers that allow for stretch "
- elastic
What type of fiber is best characterized by the following description:

" short, fine, highly branched collageneous fibers "
reticular
What type of cells are characterized by "blasts?"
cells that are mitotically active and secretory
What type of cells are characterized by "cytes?"
mature cells
Are "blasts" or "cytes" undifferentiated?
blasts
What is the primary blast type in connective tissue proper ?
fibroblasts
What is the primary blast type in cartilage?
chrondoblast
What is the primary "cyte" type in cartilage?
chondrocytes
What is the primary blast type in bone?
osteoblasts
What is the primary cyte type in bone?
osteocytes
What is the primary cell type in bone marrow?
hematopoieteic stem cells
Chondrocytes are the primary cyte type in what kind of connective tissue?
cartilage
Osteocytes are the primary cyte type in what kind of connective tissue?
bone
Fibroblasts are the primary blast type in what kind of connective tissue?
connective tissue proper
Other than the primary cell types, what are some other type of cells that are common to connective tissue?
- fat cells

- white blood cells

- mast cells

- macrophages

- lymphyocytes

- neutrophils
What characterizes connective tissue as loose or dense?
the arrangement of the fibers
What is characteristic of reticular tissue?
there are only reticular fibers in the matrix
What specific tissue type is characterized by the following description:

" the most widely distributed under epithelia "
areolar loose connective tissue
What specific tissue type is characterized by the following description:

" gel-like matrix with ample amounts of all three fiber types."
areolar loose connective tissue
What is the primary function of areolar loose connective tissue?
to wrap and cushion organs; plays an important role in inflammation
What specific tissue type is characterized by the following description:

" makes up the majority of the lamina propria underneath epithelium "
- areolar loose connective tissue
What specific tissue type is characterized by the following description:

" gel-like matrix with all three fiber types in sparse amounts "
adipose loose connective tissue
Describe the extracellular matrix of areolar loose connective tissue.
- gel-like matrix with all three fiber types in ample amounts
Where would you most expect to find areolar loose connective tissue?
- present in all mucous membranes and surrounding the capillaries

- widely distributed underneath epithelium
What is the function of adipose loose connective tissue?
- provides reserve food fuel

- insulates against heat loss

- protects organs
Where would you most expect to find adipose loose connective tissue?
- under skin in the hypodermis

- around kidneys and eyeballs

- within abdomen

- within breasts
Is adipose loose connective tissue vascular or avascular?
vascular
What is the function of reticular loose connective tissue?
fibers form a soft internal skeleton that helps support white blood cells
Where would you expect to find reticular loose connective tissue?
In lymphoid organs (like lymph nodes, bone marrow, and the spleen)
What is the characteristic structure of regular dense connective tissue?
primarily PARALLEL collagen fibers
What is the function of regular dense connective tissue?
attaches muscles to bones or to muscles; withstands great tensile stress when pressure is applied in one/SAME direction
Where would you expect to find lots of regular dense connective tissue?
in tendons and most ligaments
What specific tissue type is characterized best by the description as follows:

" composed of primarily parallel collagen fibers "
dense regular connective tissue
What specific tissue type is best characterized by the following statement:

" composed of primarily irregularily arranged collagen fibers "
dense irregular connective tissue
Which of the specific types of tissue is best described by the following statement:

" withstands great tensile stress when pulling force is applied in one direction "
dense regular connective tissue
Which of the specific tissue types is best described by the following statement:

" withstands great tensile stress when pulling force is applied in various directions "
dense irregular connective tissue
Where would you most expect to find lots of irregular dense connective tissue?
- fibrous capsules of organs and joints
Would you expect to find more regular or irregular dense connective tissue at joints? Why?
- would expect to find more irregular dense connective tissue at joints

- irregular dense connective tissue can withstand pressure coming in from several different directions (like joints)
What specific type of tissue is best characterized by the following statement:

" find lots of them in the fibrous capsules of organs and joints "
irregular connective tissue
What specific type of tissue is best characterized by the following statement:

" allows recoil of tissue following stretching "
elastic connective tissue
Where would you most likely find lots of elastic connective tissue?
- walls of aorta
What is the "need-to-know" about elastic connective tissue?
- contains a high proportion of elastic fibers
True or false: cartilage has lots of nerve fibers
false
True or false: cartilage lacks nerve fibers
true
Cartilage lacks ____________ fibers.
nerve
True or false: cartilage is highly vascularized.
false
True or false: cartilage is avascular
true
What specific tissue type is best characterized by the following statement:

" has qualities intermediate between dense connective tissue and bone "
cartilage
Cartilage has qualities intermediate between dense connective tissue and _______.
bone
Cartilage has qualities intermediate between _______________ and bone.
dense connective tissue
There are three types of cartilage. What are they?
- hyaline

- elastic

- fibrocartilage
Hyaline, elastic, and fibrocartilage are three types of __________.
cartilage
True or false: cartilage withstands tension and compression
true
Cartilage withstands tension and ___________.
compression
What is the most abundant type of cartilage in the body ?
hyaline
True or false: elastic cartilage is the most abundant type of cartilage in the body .
false
True or false: hyaline cartilage is the most abundant type of cartilage in the body
true
True or false: elastic cartilage is the most abundant type of cartilage in the body
false
What specific tissue type is best characterized by the following description:

" has a glossy but firm matrix of collagen fibers "
hyaline cartilage
What specific tissue type would you most likely find in abundance in the costal cartilages of the ribs?
hyaline cartilage
What is the function of hyaline cartilage?
- supports and reinforces; has relient cushioning properties; resists compressive stress
What specific tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" similar to hyaline cartilage, but more elastic fibers in the matrix "
elastic cartilage
What specific tissue type is best known for its exceptional flexibility/stretching properties?
elastic cartilage
What specific tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" maintains the shape of a structure while allowing great flexibility "
elastic cartilage
Where would you most likely find lots of elastic cartilage?
- external ear

- eppiglottis
What specific tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" maintains the shape of a structure while allowing great flexibility "
elastic cartilage
What specific type of tissue would you most likely find in abundance in the external ear?
elastic cartilage
Where would you most likely find lots of elastic cartilage?
- external ear

- eppiglottis
What specific type of tissue would you most likely find in abundance in the eppiglottis?
elastic cartilage
What specific type of tissue would you most likely find in abundance in the external ear?
elastic cartilage
What specific tissue type would you most likely find in abundance in the intervertebral discs?
fibrocartilage
What specific tissue type would you most likely find in abundance in the discs of the knee joint?
fibrocartilage
What specific type of tissue would you most likely find in abundance in the eppiglottis?
elastic cartilage
What specific tissue type would you most likely find in abundance in the intervertebral discs?
fibrocartilage
What specific tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" matrix similar to but less firm than that in hyaline cartilage "
fibrocartilage
What specific tissue type would you most likely find in abundance in the discs of the knee joint?
fibrocartilage
What structures make bone hard and rigid?
collagen and calcium salts in the extracellular matrix
What specific tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" matrix similar to but less firm than that in hyaline cartilage "
fibrocartilage
True or false: bone supports and protects structures
true
What structures make bone hard and rigid?
collagen and calcium salts in the extracellular matrix
What is the most basic function of bone?
- support and protect structures
True or false: bone supports and protects structures
true
What is the most basic function of bone?
- support and protect structures
True or false: bone is avascular.
false
True or fasle: bone is highly vascularized.
true
Where is bone tissue located in the body?
in bones
Why is blood classified as connective tissue?
- developed from mesenchyme

- has a nonliving extracellular matrix (plasma)
What is the basic function of blood?
- to transport nutrients, wastes and respiratory gases throughout the body within blood vessels
What are the fibers of blood?
- soluble protein molecules that precipitate and form "fiberlike structures"

- useful during blood clotting
What is the specific function of nervous tissue?
- transmit electrical signals from sensory receptors to effectors
What tissue type is best described by the following statement:

" transmits electrical signals from sensory receptors and to effectors "
nervous tissue
What specific type of tissue is best described by the following:

" involved in VOLUNTARY movement "
skeletal muscle
What specific type fo tissue would you expect to find attached to bones?
skeletal muscle
True or false: skeletal muscles are uninucleate
false
True or false: skeletal muscles are multinucleate
true
True or false: skeletal muscles have striations
true
True or false: skeletal muscles do not have striations
false
What is the general description of the structure of skeletal muscles?
- long, cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvious striations
What specific type of tissue is best described by the following statement:

" long, cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvious striations "
skeletal muscle
What specific tissue type is found ONLY in the heart?
cardiac muscle
What specific tissue type would you expect to find at specialized junctions known as intercalated discs?
cardiac muscle
True or false: cardiac muscle is multinucleate
false
True or false: cardiac muscle is uninucleate
true
True or false: cardiac muscle is involved in INVOLUNTARY movement
true
What is the function of cardiac muscle?
- as it contracts, it propels blood into circulation

- INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENT
What is the function of smooth muscle?
- propel substances or food along internal passageways
What specific type of muscle would youe xpect to find in the walls of organs of the digenstive tract?
- smooth muscle
True or false: smooth muscle has striations
false
What is the basic structure of smooth muscle?
- spindle-shaped cells with central nuclei

- no striations

- cells closely arranged to form sheets
True or false: smooth muscle is involved in INVOLUNTARY movement
true