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100 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what do i need to know about the scapula for protiva?
spine, acromion process, glenoid cavity, coracoid process
where is the glenoid cavity?
socket for humerus in scapula
where is the acromion process?
the shoulder of the scapula
where's the coracoid process
frontal thing sticking out of the scapula
where is the spine of the scapula?
on the back of the scapula
what are the parts of the humerus that i need to know?
head, greater and lesser tubercles, deltoid tuberosity, medial epicondyle, capitulum, trochlea
where are the greater and lesser tubercles?
top of the humerus
where are the medial epicondyles?
bottom inside of the humerus and the inside bump on the side of the femur
where is the capitulum?
lateral side of the bottom of the humerus
where is the trochlea?
middle bottom of the humerus
what parts of the radius do i need to know?
styloid process, radial tuberosity, head, neck
what parts of the ulna do i need to know?
styloid process, trochlear notch, olecranon process, coronoid process
where's the trochlear notch?
on the top of the ulna
where's the olecranon process?
top and back of the knobby top of the ulna
where's the coronoid process?
bottom part of the trochlear notch sticking out of the ulna
how will i tell the difference between the radius and the ulna?
radius has a little round head
what bones have styloid processes?
the temporal in the skull, and the radius and ulna
where are the carpals and what are they?
wrist bones
lunate, scaphoid, trapezoid, trapezium, capitate, triquetral, pisiform, hamate
which bone is the lunate?
bottom closest to pinky
where is the scaphoid?
bottom towards thumb of the carpals
where is the trapezoid?
smallest of the carpals, is second from end towards thumb
where is the trapezium?
trapezium is at the edge closest to the thumb above scaphoid
where is the capitate?
big bone in the middle of the carpals
where is the triquetral?
under the pisiform in the carpals
where is the pisiform?
sticks up closest to pinky edge and is a carpal
where is the hamate?
next to the pisiform, sticks up further towards palm of hand
where are the metacarpals?
beginning of long skinny bones of hand
where are the phalanges?
fingers and toes, includes two branches from end
what parts of the coxa should i know?
ilium, ischium, iliac crest, anterior superior spine, posterior superior spine, ischial tuberosities, ischial spines, obdurator foramina, sacroiliac joints, acetabulums, pubises, pubic symphysis, false and true pelvis
where are the ischial tuberosities?
butt bones of the coxa
where and what are the obdurator foramina?
the holes for the vessels/nerves of the legs in the ischium of the coxa
where/what are the ischial spines?
points above the ischial tuberosities of the ischium of the coxa
where are the acetabulums?
these are the sockets for the head of the femur
in the ischium of the coxa
where's the anterior superior spine?
this is the front part of the iliac crest of the coxa
where's the posterior superior spine?
this is the back process of the iliac crest of the coxa
where are the sacroiliac joints?
this is the joint between the sacrum and the ilium of the coxa
what is the false pelvis?
this is the top part of the pelvis
where is the true pelvis?
this is the bottom part of the coxa
what and where is the pubis?
this is the bone in the front part of the ischium of the coxa
what/where is the pubic symphysis?
this is the middle front part of the ischium, where there's cartilage
what parts of the femur do i need to know?
head, neck, greater and lesser trochanters, medial and lateral condyles and medial and lateral epicondyles
where are the greater and lesser trochanters?
this is at the top of the femur, referring to the big and littler protrusions
where are the medial and lateral condyles of the femur?
these refer to the protrusions on the back side of the femur, towards the bottom where it will meet with the tibia
where are the medial and lateral epicondyles?
these are the bumps on the sides of the bottom of the femur
what parts of the tibia do i need to know?
the medial and lateral condyles, the tibial tuberosity, and the medial malleolus
where/what are the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia?
these are the points at the top of the tibia where the tibia articulates with the femur (on the medial and lateral sides)
where/what is the tibial tuberosity?
towards the top of the tibia, middle of the bone
where/what is the medial malleolus?
this is the medial part of your ankle on your tibia
where is the patella?
bone in front of the femur/tibia joint, protecting it
what parts of the fibula do i need to know?
only the lateral malleolus
where/what is the lateral malleolus?
this is the lateral part of your ankle, on the fibula
where are the tarsals?
in your ankle
what are the tarsals' names?
calcaneous, talus, navicular, cuboid, and the three cuneiforms (lateral, intermediate and medial)
where is the cuboid?
this is the big, square part of the tarsals towards the inside of the foot
where is the navicular?
this is the large, rectangular tarsal on the outside of your foot
where are the cuneiforms?
these are three small rectangles in the middle of the foot, with the lateral towards the outside, intermediate in the middle, and medial towards the inside of the foot
where are the metatarsals?
these are the beginning of the long, skinny part of the toes
what are fontanels?
these are sutures that haven't quite calcified in the fetal skeleton, they are filled with cartilage instead
what are sutures?
these are places where flat bones meet, particularly in the skull
what are the functional classifications of articulations?
synarthroses = immovable
amphiarthroses = slightly movable
diarthroses (synovial)= freely movable
what does it mean if an articulation is described as a synarthroses?
it's immovable (like in the skull)
what does amphiarthroses mean?
it's a functional classification of an articulation that is slightly movable, such as in the fingers
what does diarthroses mean? and what's another name for it?
synovial's another name, and it is a functional classification of articulations that means freely movable, such as in the knee
what are the strutural classifications of articulations?
fibrous joints, referring to synarthroses

cartilaginous joints, referring to amphiarthroses

synovial joints, referring to diarthroses
what does it mean to say that a joint is fibrous?
a fibrous articulation is a structural classification and means that the joint is basically immovable, like synarthroses and like that found in the skull
what does it mean to say that a joint is a cartilaginous articulation?
this is a structural classification and refers to a slightly movable joint, like the functional classification of amphiarthroses
what does it mean to say that a joint is synovial?
synovial is a term that can be used both as a structural and a functional classification for articulations

refers to hinge and ball and socket joints
define articular capsule
this means that there is a synovial membrane surrounding a fibrous capsule of a joint
define articular cartilage
refers to hyaline cartilage

covers the surface of joint bones
define synovial cavity
freely movable joints in fibrous capsules

surrounding membranes secrete lubricating fluid that reduces friction

best examples are knee and hip joints
define synovial membrane
membrane that surrounds synovial cavities, secreting lubricating fluid
list the ligaments etc. i should know of the hip and knee joints
pubofemoral ligament
iliofemoral ligament
anterior cruciate ligament
posterior cruciate ligament
tibial collateral ligament
fibular collateral ligament
patellar ligament
medial and lateral meniscuses
what's the name of the ligament that connects the pubis to the femur?
pubofemoral ligament
what's the name of the ligament that connects the iliac spine and the femur?
the iliofemoral ligament
what's the name of the padding between the femur and tibia?
medial and lateral meniscuses
what's the name of the ligament that connects the femur and the fibula on the outside of the leg?
the fibular collateral ligament
what's the name of the ligament that connects the femur and tibia on the inside of the leg?
the tibial collateral ligament
what's the name of the ligament that's easily seen from the front when the patella is removed and the femur and tibia bend
the anterior cruciate ligament
what's the name of the ligament that connects the medial side of the femur with the tibia from the back?
the posterior cruciate ligament
what's the name of the huge ligament that covers the patella
the patellar ligament
define articulation
joint or union between two bones
define a process
any prominence, prolongation, or projection of a bone

example, mastoid process
define head
large, rounded articular end of a bone

example, head of femur
define facet
smooth, flat, or nearly flat articular surface

example, facets of vertebrae
define condyle
smooth, rounded articular surface of a bone

example, occipital condyles
define epicondyle
prominence above a condyle
define spine
more or less sharp projection or short ridge

example, scapula spine
define tubercle
small rough eminence (raised area)

usually for muscle attachment
define trochanter
very large process on a bone
define crest
ridge on a bone

example iliac crest
define fovea
shallow depression
define fossa
deeper depression
define sinus
pocket or cavity

usually applied to cavities in skull
define foramen
hole through a bone
define formina
plural of foramen
define meatus
canal

example, external auditory meatus of temporal bone
define suture
line or union between two immoveable bones
define symphysis
union where two bones are firmly connected by cartilage
define diaphysis
central portion of a long bone
epiphysis
enlarged end of a long bone