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58 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
map symbols
pictures on a map that stand for real things
compass rose
helps you tell direction on a map
cardinal directions
north, south, east, west
intermediate directions
fall halfway between the cardinal directions
NE, NW, SE, SW
distance scale
helps to find out how far away from each other things are on a map
grid
lines that go up and down and from side to side, forming squares or boxes on a map. We use them to locate places and things on a map.
Western Hemisphere
the half of the world that includes North America and South America
Eastern Hemisphere
the half of the world that includes Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia
geography
the study of the earth's surface
equator
an imaginary line that encircles the earth halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
the smallest continent
Australia
the largest continent
Asia
the second largest continent
Africa
the smallest ocean
Arctic Ocean
the continent with only one country
Australia
the largest ocean
Pacific Ocean
the coldest ocean
Arctic Ocean
the warmest ocean
Indian Ocean
the ocean that separates Europe and North America
Atlantic Ocean
the most heavily traveled ocean
Atlantic Ocean
circumference of the earth
25,000 miles
hemisphere with the most people
Eastern Hemisphere
continent with the most people
Asia
most mountainous continent
Asia
only continent with no permanent residents
Antarctica
sea
a large area of saltwater smaller than an ocean and partly or completely enclosed by land
bay
a part of a body of water smaller than a sea and reaching into the land, generally with a wide opening
gulf
a part of an ocean or sea which reaches into the land, generally with a narrower opening than a bay
lake
an inland body of water (usually fresh)
river
a natural flow of water emptying into another body of water
source (of a river)
the place where a river begins
mouth (of a river)
the place where the river flows into a larger body of water
delta
the land deposited at the mouth of a river
upstream
the direction from which a river flows
downstream
the direction toward which a river flows
channel
a deep, narrow body of water connecting two larger bodies of water; also, the deepest part of a river or harbor
canal
a narrow, man-made channel of water that joins other bodies of water
world's longest river
Nile River in Africa
world's second longest river
Amazon River in South America
desert
a place too dry or too cold to grow many plants
oasis
a desert area made fertile by the presence of water
mountain
a raised area of the earth's surfact that rises somewhat abruptly and is larger than a hill
mountain range
a long row of mountains
valley
a lowland between hills or mountains
sea level
the level of teh ocean waters. Sea level is used as a starting point to measure the height or depth of a location on earth.
altitude
elevation; height above sea level
Sahara Desert in Africa
world's largest desert
Gobi Desert in Africa
world's coldest desert
Himalayan Mountains
highest mountain system in the world
Ural Mountains
divide Europe and Asia
pledge
a promise to do something
allegiance
devotion or loyalty
documents
writings
freedom
libert
freedom of speech
we do not have to be afraid to say what we believe
freedom of the press
we can print things in books and newspapers for everyone to read and think about
freedom of assembly
we can freely meet together in churches and other meetings
freedom of religion
we are free to go to any religious gathering we want to, read the Bible for ourselves, and openly worship God