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116 Cards in this Set

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Norplant
synthetic progesterone, birth control
Minipill
contains progesterone only, thickens cervical mucus
Nonoxol-9
active ingredient in spermacide
Morning After Pill
high estrogen dose, hastens transport of zygote through reproductive tract
RU 486
progesterone antagonist, increase motility of the uterus
Estradiol
synthetic estrogens, used for post-menopausal women, given as a therapy for osteoporosis
Esterase
synthetic estrogens, used for post-menopausal women, given as a therapy for osteoporosis
Climara
synthetic estrogens, used for post-menopausal women, given as a therapy for osteoporosis
Conjugated Estrogens
naturally occurring estrogens from mares
Premarin
naturally occurring estrogens from mares
Progestin
synthetic progesterone, treatment for abnormal menstrual bleeding
Provera
synthetic progesterone, treatment for abnormal menstrual bleeding
Cycrin
synthetic progesterone, treatment for abnormal menstrual bleeding
Premptro
combination of estrogen and progesterone, given for menopausal symptoms and for prostate cancer (reason that it is given in combination is because high estrogen increases the chance of endometrial carcinoma, but adding progesterone decreases the chance)
Estratest
combination of estrogen and progesterone, given for menopausal symptoms and for prostate cancer (reason that it is given in combination is because high estrogen increases the chance of endometrial carcinoma, but adding progesterone decreases the chance)
Pitocin
synthetic oxytocin, used to induce labor
Danocrine
synthesized androgen, suppresses GnRH, FSH, and LH, normal menstrual cycle does not ensue, side effects are menopause and masculazation
Motrin
prostaglandin inhibitor, anti-inflammatory
Aspirin
prostaglandin inhibitor, anti-inflammatory
Neprasin
prostaglandin inhibitor, anti-inflammatory
Evista
stimulates estrogen receptors on bone
Fosamax
inhibits bone reabsorption, simulates osteoclastic activity
Miacalcin
salmon calcitonin, in non-physiological doses it causes a decrease in Ca++ reabsorption, given as a nasal spray
Sulfonylureas
useful only in patients with exposure to some endogenous insulin (Type II diabetes), stimulates pancreas to synthesize insulin, increases sensitivity of insulin receptors, increases production of insulin receptors
Micronase
useful only in patients with exposure to some endogenous insulin (Type II diabetes), stimulates pancreas to synthesize insulin, increases sensitivity of insulin receptors, increases production of insulin receptors
Glucotrol
useful only in patients with exposure to some endogenous insulin (Type II diabetes), stimulates pancreas to synthesize insulin, increases sensitivity of insulin receptors, increases production of insulin receptors
Biguanids
given to Type II diabetics, inhibits gluconeogenesis, increases insulin sensitivity, decreases intestinal absorption of glucose
Glucophage
given to Type II diabetics, inhibits gluconeogenesis, increases insulin sensitivity, decreases intestinal absorption of glucose
Clucovance
given to Type II diabetics, inhibits gluconeogenesis, increases insulin sensitivity, decreases intestinal absorption of glucose
Avandia
increases insulin sensitivity
Humalog
synthetic insulin, given to Type I diabetics
Humulin
synthetic insulin, given to Type I diabetics
Thiocyanates
compete for the carrier molecule that transports iodide, blocks iodide trapping, decreases T3 and T4 levels
Thiouracils
blocks oxidation of Iodide, given for treatement of hyperthyroidism, inhibits thyroxin synthesis
Propacil
blocks oxidation of Iodide, given for treatement of hyperthyroidism, inhibits thyroxin synthesis
Dylantin
treats seizures, decreases binding of thyroxine, increases plasma levels
Sylicylates
decreases binding of thyroxine, increases plasma levels
Aspirin
decreases binding of thyroxine, increases plasma levels
Levoxyl
treatment of hypothyroidism, synthetic thyroid hormone, in top 5 drugs prescribed per year
Synthroid
treatment of hypothyroidism, synthetic thyroid hormone, in top 5 drugs prescribed per year
Cortisol
used in patients who have had an organ transplant, anti-rejection drug, also used to treat allergy type responses
Oraprred
synthetic glucocorticoid
Aspirin
inhibit prostaglandin synthesis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS)
Ibuprofen
inhibit prostaglandin synthesis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS)
Motrin
inhibit prostaglandin synthesis, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAIDS)
Zantac
H-2 blockers, ulcer treatment
Pepcid
H-2 blockers, ulcer treatment
Carafate
ulcer coater, makes coating on inside of stomach
Prilosec
block H+ ion secretion in stomach
Nexium
block H+ ion secretion in stomach
Prevacid
block H+ ion secretion in stomach
Antivert
antiemetic, antihistamine, prevents nausea
Dramamine
antiemetic, antihistamine, prevents nausea, treatment for motion sickness
Transderm Scop
antiemetic, anticholinergic, used for sea sickness, patch behind the ear
Tigan
antiemetic, works in the medulla, used with anticancer drugs
Zofran
antiemetic, works in the medulla, used with anticancer drugs
Ipecac Syrup
emetic, causes you to puke, given to patients who have ingested poison
Kaopectate
local acting antidiarrheals, contains astringent that modifies intestinal flora
Pepto-Bismol
local acting antidiarrheals, contains astringent that modifies intestinal flora
Opiates
systemically acting antidiarrheals, contains opium, heavily regulated because very addicting
Paragoric
systemically acting antidiarrheals, contains opium, heavily regulated because very addicting
Synthetic Opiates
systemically acting antidiarrheals, over the counter
Lomotil
systemically acting antidiarrheals, over the counter
Immodium
systemically acting antidiarrheals, over the counter
Probenacid
blocks reabsorption of uric acid, increases levels of uric acid in kidney, blocks secretion of penicillin like drugs
Diuretics
decrease extracellular fluid, increase urine output
Methlxanthine
phosphodiesterase inhibitor, diuretic, increases glomerular blood pressure, increase GFR, inhibit reabsopriton of Na+ at tubules
Ethanol
CNS depressant, inhibits release of ADH
Mannitol
substance is filtered in inert in tubules, holds water in tubules by exerting osmotic pressure
Osmotrol
substance is filtered in inert in tubules, holds water in tubules by exerting osmotic pressure
Thiazide
low ceiling, inhibit Na+ reabsorption at distal parts of tubule
Hydrochlorothiazide
low ceiling, inhibit Na+ reabsorption at distal parts of tubule
HYDRO-DIURIL
low ceiling, inhibit Na+ reabsorption at distal parts of tubule
Loop diuretics
inhibit pumping of ions out of ascending loop, changes osmotic pressure and makes the progressively hypertonic interstitium smaller
Furosamide
inhibit pumping of ions out of ascending loop, changes osmotic pressure and makes the progressively hypertonic interstitium smaller
LASIX
inhibit pumping of ions out of ascending loop, changes osmotic pressure and makes the progressively hypertonic interstitium smaller
Potassium Sparing
keeps K+ in blood, aldosterone antagonists
Aldactone
keeps K+ in blood, aldosterone antagonists
Dyazide
combination of K+ and thiazide diuretic
K-Dur
K+ supplements
Slow-K
K+ supplements
Micro-K
K+ supplements
Klor-Con
K+ supplements
Nasal Decongestants
alpha 1 agonists
Phenylephrin
alpha 1 agonist, nasal decongestant
NEOSYNEPHRINE
alpha 1 agonist, nasal decongestant
Bronchodilators
treats asthma
MAXAIR
beta 2 agonist, bronchodilator, treats asthma
Ventolin
beta 2 agonist, bronchodilator, treats asthma
Proventil
beta 2 agonist, bronchodilator, treats asthma
Alodent
beta 2 agonist, bronchodilator, treats asthma
Atrovent
anticholinergic, bronchodilator, treats asthma
Serevent
stimulates adenyl cylcase, bronchodilator, treats asthma
Antihistamines
H1 antagonists
Benadryl
antihistamine, H1 antagonist
Allegra
antihistamine, H1 antagonist
Claritin
antihistamine, H1 antagonist
Chlortrimeton
antihistamine, H1 antagonist
Potassium Iodide
expectorants
Mucolytics
treats CF
Mucomyst
treats CF
Antitussives
Prevent coughing, active ingredient is dextramethorphine
Codine
antitussive, prevent coughing, active ingredient is dextramethorphine
Tessalon
antitussive, prevent coughing, active ingredient is dextramethorphine
Actigall
dissolves gallstones (better at dissolving cholesterol stones than those with bile pigment)
Zetia
inhibits intestinal absorption of cholesterol
Lipitor
inhibits de novo synthesis of cholesterol
Zocor
inhibits de novo synthesis of cholesterol
Phenabarb
increases activity of P-450 oxidase
Dicoumaral
Anti Vitamin K, used for deep thromboses, arrests clotting due to surgery
Coumadine
Anti Vitamin K, used for deep thromboses, arrests clotting due to surgery
Warfarin
Anti Vitamin K, used for deep thromboses, arrests clotting due to surgery
Fibrinolytic Drugs
Clot busters
Streptokinase
Clot busters
STREPTASE
Clot busters
ACTIVASE
Clot busters, causes plasmin formation and busts clots, given during heart attacks