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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inflammation of the testes
orchitis
inflammation of the tube that carries the spermatozoa to the vas deferens
epididymitis
resection of the prostate gland
prostatectomy
inflammation of the prostate gland
prostatitis
the process of producing (the formation of) sperm cells
spermatogenesis
fixation of undescended testicle
orchiopexy
inflammation of the glans penis
balanitis
condition of scanty sperm
oligospermia
no sperm or semen is produced
aspermia
pertaining to a testicle
testicular
congenital anomaly in which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis
hypospadias
distinctive essential tissue or cells of an organ (i.e., glomeruli = tubules of kidney and seminiferous = tubules of the testis)
parenchyma
supportive and connective tissue of an organ
stroma
pertaining to or producing cold or low temperatures
cryogenic
cells that produce the hormone testosterone (stimulated by luteinizing hormone from the pituitary gland)
interstitial cells of the testes
a hormone made by interstitial cells of testes and responsible for male sex characteristics
testosterone
narrowing (stenosis) of foreskin on glans penis
phimosis
lack of spermatozoa in semen
azoospermia
hormone producing male characteristics
androgen
malignant tumor of testes composed of germ or embryonic cells
testicular seminoma
malignant tumor of testes (composed of embryonic tissue forming bone, hair, skin, and/or cartilage)
teratocarcinoma
tube above each testis which carries and stores sperm
epididymis
gland surrounding the urethra at the base of the urinary bladder
prostate gland
parenchymal tissue of the testes that produces spermatozoa
seminiferous tubules
sperm cell
spermatozoon
foreskin
prepuce
male gonad - produces hormone and sperm cells
testis or testicle
pair of sacs – secrete fluid into ejaculatory ducts
seminal vesicles
sac on outside of the body enclosing the testes
scrotum (scrotal sac)
tube carrying sperm from the epididymis toward the urethra
vas deferens
pair of glands near the urethra – secrete fluid into the urethra
bulbourethral or Cowper glands
orchiectomy
castration
test of fertility (reproductive ability)
semen analysis
ejection of sperm and fluid from the urethra
ejaculation
pus-filled
purulent
removal of a piece of the vas deferens
vasectomy
removal of the prepuce
circumcision
the process of tying off or binding
ligation
destruction of tissue by freezing
cryosurgery
benign prostatic hyperplasia
nonmalignant prostatic enlargement
sexually transmitted disease that is an infection with herpes virus
herpes genitalia
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
malignant tumor of the prostate gland
enlarged, swollen veins near the testes
varicocele
sexually transmitted disease with primary stage marked by chancre
syphilis
malignant tumor of the testes – 3 types
1) embryonal carcinoma 2) seminoma 3) teratoma or teratocarcinoma
venereal disease (etiologic agent is berry-shaped bacteria) marked by inflammation of genital mucosa and mucopurulent discharge
gonorrhea
undescended testicles
cryptorchism
sac of clear fluid in the scrotum
hydrocele
PSA
prostate-specific antigen – high blood serum levels of this protein indicate prostatic carcinoma
BPH
benign prostatic hypoplasia – noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate – this procedure relieves symptoms of prostate gland enlargement
TRUS
transrectal ultrasound - helpful in guiding a prostatic biopsy needle
STD
sexually transmitted disease – Chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis are examples of this condition
-stasis
stopping, controlling
-sclerosis
hardening
-stenosis
narrowing
-cele
hernia or swelling
-rrhagia
hemorrhage
-ptosis
prolapse
-plasia
formation
-phagia
eating, swallowing
-rrhaphy
suture
-pexy
fixation
-ectasis
widening
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
-genesis
producing
-balan/o
glans penis
oophor/o
ovary
salping/o
fallopian tube
hyster/o
uterus
metr/o
uterus
colp/o
vagina
mast/o
breast
carcinoma of the prostate gland
requires radical prostatectomy
cryptorchism
requires orchiopexy
sterilization (hormones remain and potency is not impaired)
requires vasectomy
benign prostatic hyperplasia
requires TURP
abnormal collection of fluid in a scrotal sac
requires hydrocelectomy
reversal of sterilization procedure
requires vasovasotomy
teratocarcinoma of the testes
requires orchiectomy
phimosis
requires circumcision
swollen, twisted veins above the testes
requires varicocelectomy
gland at the base of the urinary bladder in males
prostate gland
coiled tube on top of each testis
epididymis
the essential cells of an organ
parenchyma
the foreskin
prepuce
genus of bacteria that is the major cause of nonspecific urethritis in males and cervicitis in females
Chlamydia
the ulcer that forms on genital organs after infection with syphilis
chancre
androgen that is produced by the interstitial cells of the testis
testosterone
fluid secreted by male reproductive gland and ejaculated with sperm
semen