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41 Cards in this Set

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COMPONENTS OF MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
____ (male gonads)egg-shaped structures suspended in the scrotum
-produce male _____: ____
-produce male ___ ____: _____
_____: _____ semen to the penis
testes
-gametes:sperm
-sex hormone:testosterone
ducts: deliver
COMPONENTS OF MALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM(2)
____: _____ fluid component of semen
_____ _____:
-____
-____
Glands: produce fluid component of semen
External genitalia:
-penis
-scrotum
THE SCROTUM
-a ___ lined by ___
-associated with two ____ ____
pouch lined with skin
two muscle types
DARTOS MUSCLE
a layer of ____ _____ within the ____ of the ____ (wrinkles the scrotal surface)
smooth muscle within the skin of the scrotum
CREMASTER MUSCLE
-layer of ____ ____ deep to the skin of the scrotum
-important for _____ _____ for the testes
-skeletal muscle
-temperature regulation
SPERM PRODUCTION AND THE ROLE OF THE CREMASTER MUSCLE
-requires temperature 2C ___ than body temperature
-cremaster muscle ____ to move testes ____ from the body and _____ to move testes _____ to the body
-lower
-relaxes away
-contracts closer to
DESCENT OF TESTES
the ____ form ____ the body cavity
-against the ____ ____ ___
-their caudal(inferior) pole is ____ to a _____ called the gubernaculum
testes form inside
-posterior abdominal wall
-attached to a ligament
DESCENT OF TESTES(2)
this _____ extends from the _____ to the skin of the future _____
ligament from the testes to scrotum
DESCENT OF TESTES(3)
the rostral(superior)pole of the ____ is connected to ____ ______, ______, ____ ______
testes connected to blood vessels, nerves, and ductus deferens
DESCENT OF TESTES(4)
each ____ descends through the ____ ____ ___
testis descends through the anterior body wall
DESCENT OF TESTES(5)
as these structures ___ ____ the anterior body wall they become ______ by each of the ____ of the anterior body wall
pass through
surrounded by each of the layers
SPERMATIC CORD
the name for all of these components:
-____
-____
-____ ____
-____ ____
-testis
-nerves
-blood vessels
-ductus deferens
SPERMATIC CORD(2)
and the ____ of the anterior body wall that surround these structures
-_____
-_______ _____
layers
-muscle
-connective tissue
INGUINAL LIGAMENT
this is the name of a ligament that ____ from the ____ ____ ____ to the ____ _____
the inguinal ligament forms a ____ through which the testis must pass
extends from anterior superior iliac spine to pubic tubercle
-canal
INGUINAL LIGAMENT
this is the name of the ______ out the anterior abdominal wall
this is a ___ ___ in the anterior abdominal wall
-passageway

-weak spot
INGUINAL CANAL
this is the name of the _____ out the anterior abdominal wall
this is a ___ ____ in the anterior abdominal wall
passageway

weak spot
INGUINAL HERNIA
name of the injury produced when visceral ______ like gut protrude into the ____ ____
tissues

inguinal canal
HISTOLOGY OF THE TESTES
the testes contain _____ _____ where ____ is produced
seminiferous tubules

sperm
CONTENTS OF SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES
____ ____:extend from the outer capsule to the lumen
Sertoli cells
MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF SERTOLI CELLS
-maintain ____-____ ______
-support __________ stimulated by:
-____-____ ______
-______
blood-testis barrier
spermatogenesis
-follicle stimulating hormone
-testosterone
CONTENTS OF SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES(2)
______: sperm ___ ___
_____: at various stages of development
spermatogonia: stem cells

sperm
LEYDIG CELLS
-stimulated by ___ to produce _______
Luteinizing Hormone (LH)

testosterone
TESTOSTERONE
-stimulates ________
-promotes ______(sexual drive)
-establishes male _____ ___ ________
-spermatogenesis
-libido
-primary sex characteristics
SPERMATOGENESIS
_____: ____ ____ cells undergo _____
______ and _____: undergo _____
_______: aka sperm
spermatagonia: sperm stem cells undergo mitosis
spermatocytes and spermatids: undergo meiosis
spermatozoa
SPERM
1. ____: contains nucleus and ________
the tip is covered by an _____ ___
head: chromosomes

acrosomal cap
SPERM
2. _____ ____: contains mitochondria
3. ____: only flagellum in the human body
middle piece

tail
SPERM MATURATION
spermatozoa in the ____ ____ functionally _____ can't _____ the oocyte and can't _____ on their own
-functional _____ occurs in the ____ system
seminiferious tubules
immature: can't fertilize or move
-maturation in duct system
PATHWAY IN DUCT SYSTEM
1. _____
2. ____ _____
3. ____ ____
4. ____
epididymis
ductus deferens
ejaculatory duct
urethra
EPIDIDYMIS
-the ___ part of the duct system
-primary ____ location of ________
-_____ sperm
first part
primary storage location of spermatozoa
protects
DUCTUS DEFERENS
the ____ part of the duct system
-travels through the ____ ____
as part of the _____ ____
second
-inguinal canal, spermatic cord
EJACULATORY DUCT
-formed by joining of the ____ ______ and the duct of the _____ _____
-travels through the ____ ____
-empties into the _____
-joining of ductus deferens and seminal vesicle
-travels through prostate gland
-empties into urethra
THE GLANDS
include:
-_____ _____
-____ ____
-_____ ____
seminal vesicles
prostate gland
bulbourethral glands
SEMINAL VESICLES AND SEMEN
-60% of semen
semen= _____ + _____
secretions plus sperm
THE PROSTATE GLAND
-encircles first part of ____
urethra
FINAL MATURATION OF SPERM
1.spermatozoa become ____: when mixed with _____ of the ____ ____
2. sermatozoa become capable of ______:
when enter the ____ _____ ____
motile: secretions of seminal vesicles
fertilization: female reproductive tract
PENIS
a tubular organ ____ most of the ____
conducts ___ or ____
body composed of two ___ ____ and one _____ ____ expands to form the ____
-surrounds urethra
-conducts urine or semen
-corpora cavernosa, corpus spongiosm, glans
SHAFT OF THE PENIS IN CROSS SECTION
corpora cavernosa: surround an _____
corpus spongiosm: surrounds the _____
artery

urethra
MALE SEXUAL RESPONSE ORDER
-_____
-_____
-_____
erection
emission
ejaculation
ERECTION
_____ response

bloodflow from arteries into ereectile tissue increases
parasympathetic
EMISSION
peristaltic contractions of ___ ____ in the walls
due to _____ stimulation
smooth muscle

sympathetic
EJACULATION
occurs as rhytmic contractions in _____ _____
due to ______ stimulation
skeletal muscles

somatomotor