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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
balan/o
glans penis
epididym/o
epididymus
orch/o orchi/o orchid/o or test/o
testis or testicle
perine/o
perineum
prostat/o
prostate
sperm/o or spermat/o
sperm (seed)
vas/o
vessel
scrotum
a bag; skin covered pouch in the groin that is divided into two sacs; each containing a testis and an epididymis
testis (testicle)
one of the two male reproductive glands, located in the scrotum, that produce sperm and the male hormone testosterone
sperm or spermatozoon
male gamete or sex cell produced in the testes that unites with the ovum in the female to produce offspring
epididymis
coiled duct on top and at the side of the testis that stores sperm before emission
penis
erectile tissue covered with skin that contains the urethra for urination and ducts for the secretion of seminal fluid
glans penis
buldging structure at the distal end of the penis (glans = acorn)
prepuce
foreskin; loose casing covering the penis; removed by circumcision
vas deferens
duct that carries sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory duct (vas = vessel; deferens = carrying away)
seminal vesicle
one of the two sac like structures lying behind the bladder and connected to the vas deferens on each side; secretes an alkaline solution for sperm survival
semen
mixture of the secretions of the testes, seminal vesicles, prostate, and bulbourethral glands discharged from the male urethra during orgasm (semen = seed)
ejaculatory duct
duct formed by the union opf the vas deferens with the duct of the seminal vesicle; its fluid is carried into the urethra
prostate gland
trilobular gland that encircles the urethra just below the bladder, secretes an alkaline solution into semen
bulbourethral gland or Cowper gland
pair of glands below the prostate with ducts opening into the urethra; adds viscid fluid to the semen
perineum
external region between the scrotum and the anus in a male and between the vulva and the anus in a female
spermatic cord
cord containing the vas deferens, arteries, veins, lymph vessels, and nerves that extend from the internal inguinal ring through the inguinal canal to each testicle
aspermia
inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm
azoospermia
semen withouth living spermatoza, a sign of infertility in male (zoo = life)
oligospermia
scanty production and expulsion of sperm
mucopurulent discharge
drainage of mucus and pus
anorchism
absence of one or both testes
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
cryptorchism
undescended testicle; failure of a testis to descend into the scrotal sac during fetal development
epididymitis
inflammation of the epididymis
hydrocele
hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis
hypospadias
congenital opening of the male urethra on the undersurface of the penis (spadias = to draw away)
Peyronie Disease
disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection
phimosis
narrowed condition of the prepuce resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis
benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy
enlargement of the prostate gland
prostate cancer
malignancy of the prostate gland
spermatocele
painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to the testicle, but separate from it
varicocele
enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis (varico = twisted)
clamydia
most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection in North America; often occurs with no symptoms and is treated only after it has spread
gonorrhea
contagious inflammation of the genital mucous membranes caused by invasion of the gonococcus (gono = seed, rrhea = discharge)
syphilis
infectious disease caused by a spirochete transmitted by direct intimate contact that may involve any organ or tissue over time
hepatitis B
virus that causes inflammation of the liver as a result of transmission through any body fluid, including vaginal secretions, semen, and blood
herpes simplex virus type 2
virus that causes ulcer like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa; after initial infection, the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
human papilloma virus (HPV)
virus transmitted by direct sexual contact that causes an infection that can occur on the skin or mucous membranes of the genitals; cauliflower like warts on the skin and flat appearance on the mucous membranes
prostate specific antigen (PSA) test
blood test used to screen for prostate cancer an elevated level of the antigen indicates the possible presence of tumor
urethrogram
xray of the urethra and prostate
semen analysis
study of semen, including sperm count, with observation of morphology and motility
endorectal (transrectal) sonogram of the prostate
scan of the prostate made after introducing an ultrasonic transducer into the rectum also used to guide needle biopsy
circumcision
removal of the prepuce, exposing the glans penis
epididymectomy
removal of an epididymis
orchidectomy
removal of a testicle
orchioplasty
surgical repair of a testicle
orchiopexy
fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum
prostatectomy
excision of the prostate gland
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, and a specialized urological endoscope; common treatment for BPH
vasectomy
removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male
vasovasotomy
restoration of the function of the vas deferens to regain fertility after a vasectomy
BPH
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia/hypertrophy
HBV (STD)
Hepatitis B Virus
HIV
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HPV
Human Papilloma Virus
TURP
TransUrethral Resection of the Prostate