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40 Cards in this Set

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It is no. ___ on the big three killers list in order.
2
M is caused by a ________. And, the disease is carried from person to person by _______.
parasite; mosquitos
It is now a __________ disease even though it was once a common disease.
tropical
In the American Civil War, there were _______ cases and resulted in _____ deaths. Soldiers were recommended to be given a dosage of __________ dissolved in whisky.
1.3M; 10,000; quinine sulfate
It kills _____ a year even though it's preventable and treatable.
1M
Most children killed are in:
Africa
What is the main parasite family and the 4 sub parasites?
Plasmodium:
1. falciparum
2. malariae
3. vivax
4. ovale
Which two parasites within Plasmodium do they have a close relationships and what is it they have in common?
P. vivax and P. ovale.

- can cause relapse
- survives in hosts' liver
Is there an animal resevoir?
Yes. Plasmodium lives in many speciies of vertebrate animals, especially primates.
Which Plasmodium parasite terminates spontaenously within one year and without relapses, but is also one of the deadliest?
P. falciparum
Clinical episodes begin with:
- chills
- fevers
- sweating
How many acute cases of malaria are there each year? How many are deaths? And, what percentage of deaths are in Africa?
300M; 1M; 90%
An African child dies every ____secs of Malaria. It is believed to cost the African GDP _____ a year but can be controlled for a fraction of the cost. ___% of their budget goes to fight M.
30s; $12B; 40%
Canada has all _____ Plasmodium bacterium although only __ to ___ can pass on the disease.
4; 2 to 3
Depending on the __________, Anopheles may feed more frequently.
temperature
In order for the parasite to develope, the temperature must be _________ enough. There are ____ climate controls for this disease. The temperature controls the mosquito and the parasite.
warm; 30
M ____ be transferred to the child from the mother. M can also be transferred through:
can; organ transplantation, shared needes, and transfusions
______ women are the main risk group for this disease. They exhibit more ____ and exhibit ______ body temperatures and also releases _______. They also get up in the middle of the night a lot.
Pregnant; carbon dioxide, warmer, feramones
If a pregnant women gets M, she my ____ directly. She may also develop _______. As for the baby, there may be a spontaneous _________, _________, or have a low _______.
die; anemia; abortion, neonatal death, birth weight
In this malaria, the following occurs:
- cold-hot sweating stages
- attacks last for 6-10 hrs
- bed cloths are drenched
- seizures in children
- won't die, but will be debailitating
P. vivax
This malaria exhibits:
- organ failure
- deadly form
- abnormalities in blood and metabolism
- hemoglobinuria
- severe anemia
- cerebral malaria
P. falciprum
This malaria exhibited:
- abnormal behavior
- impairment of consciousness
- neurologic abnormalities
Cerebral malaria
Blood in the urine because of bleeding in the kidney so urine would be black or dark brown
hemoglobinuria
lack of red blood cells to transfer oxygen
anemia
___________ is used to treat M. It is based on ____________, _____________, and the ____________ of the disease.
Chemotherapy; infecting species of plasmodium, possible drug resistance, severity
Diagnosis is through the identification of _______________ and ___________ in the __________.
clinical symptoms; parasite in the blood
Three things can be used to prevent M.
1) mosquito nets
2) protective clothing
3) repellants containing DEET
There is a growing ________ to insecticides.
resistance;
3 physical factors affect the survival of mosquitoes.
1) temperature
2) rainfall
3) humidity
3 factos that affect the breeding of mosquitoes.
1) altitude
2) latitude
3) landscape
By 340BC, there was _______ used to treat malaria in China. In 1971, there is a very potent anti-malarial substance in the plant.
plant
There were mentions of Malaria in: (3 places)
Chinese writings
Greek writings
Italian writings - miasmas
Spanish learned of a medicine to treat fevers f/ Malaria. Which king was cured by this?
Puruvian bark
Went by different names:
intermittent fever
swamp fever
British called M
Ague
In the 1890s, there were _______ of 100,000 population in the N. States. Meanwhile, there were ________ of 100,000 population in the south.
1000, 7000
The US eradication campaign was from:
1947-1951
They sprayed _______ homes with DDT. In 1947, there were ________ cases left. In 1950, there ________ cases left.
4.6M houses; 15,000; 2,000
There was success with the eradication programs in ________ climates and ________ malaria. There were negligible effects in _______.
temperate; seasonal; Heiti, Indonesia, Sub Saharan
We have not been able to get rid of the disease because:
- drug resistance
- lack of funding
- war
- massive population movements