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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Normal magnesium level
1.3-2.1 mEq/L
Magnesium is a major___ cation.
___% of the body magnesium is stored in the bone with the remainder in the soft tissues and muscle cells.
Magnesium aids in___ and is necessary for:
protein synthesis
the formation and function of healthy bones
Mg++ is important in:
nerve impulse transmission
Mg++ is regulated by the___, and low levels cause___ to conserve.
Causes of hypomagnesemia
malnutrition, alcoholism, malabsorption bowl disorders, diuretics, certain antibiotics, hypoparathyroidism, hyperaldosteronism, hypokalemia
causes of hypermagnesemia
renal failure, chronic and/or excessive use of Mg++ based antacids
symptoms of hypomagnesemia
neuromuscular irritablilty, twitching, nystagmus, cramping, tetany, disorentation, depression, hyperreflexia, swallowing difficulties, nausea, vomiting, positive chvosteks and trosseau signs, monito for cardiac arrythmias
symptoms of hypermagnesemia
increased perspiration, muscle weakness, decreased deep tenden reflexes, nausea, vomiting, hypotension, cardiac arrythmias, respiratory compromise