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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Grammar
A way of thinking about language
The four levels of grammar
parts of speech, parts of sentence, phrases, clauses
Parts of speech
The eight kinds of words in English
Noun
The name of a person, place, thing, or idea
Pronoun
A word that takes the place of a noun
Subject pronouns
Pronouns used for subjects of verbs and subject complements
List the subject pronouns
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they
Object pronouns
pronouns used as direct or indirect objects, and objects of prepositions
List the object pronouns
me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them
Adjective
A word that modifies a noun or pronoun
Article
The three adjectives a, an, and the
Definite article
the adjective "the"
Indefinite articles
the adjectives a and an
Three degrees of adjectives
positive, comparative, superlative
Verb
A word that shows action, being, or links a subject to its subject complement
Conjunction
A word that joins two words or two groups of words
List all the coordinating junctions
and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet
List a few subordinationg conjunctions
if, as, since, when, because
the correlative conjunctions
either or, neither nor, not only but also
Preposition
shows the relationship betwen its object and another word in the sentence
Interjection
Shows emotion but has no grammatical function
Antecedant
A noun that goes before and is later replaced by its pronoun
Sentence
A group of words that has a subject and its predicate, and makes a complete thought
Fragment
An incomplete thought
Subject
The noun or subject pronoun that the sentence is about
Predicate
The simple predicate is the verb
Direct Object
The noun or object pronoun that receives the action of the action verb
Indirect Object
The noun or object pronoun between the action verb and the direct object, that is indirectly affected by the noun
Subject Complement
The noun, subject pronoun, or adjective that is linked to the subject by a linking verb, and that tells more about the subject
Predicate Nominative
A subject complement that is a noun or pronoun
Predicate Adjective
A subject complement that is an adjective
Phrase
A group of words that does not have a subject and its predicate
Prepositional Phrase
A phrase beginning with a preposition, used as a modifier
Appositive
An interrupting definition
Verbal
A verb used as a noun, adjective, or adverb
The three kinds of verbals
Gerunds, participles, and infinitives
Gerund
An -ing verb form used as a noun
Participle
A verb form used as an adjective
Infinitive
The to- form of the verb, used as a noun or modifier
Clause
A group of words that has a subject and its predicate
Independant clause
A clause that is a complete thought
Dependant clause
A clause that is not a complete thought, but needs to be connected to an independant clause.
The four clause structures
Simple, compound, complex, compound-complex
Simple sentence
A sentence with one independant clause
Compound sentence
A sentence with two or more independant clauses
Complex sentence
A sentence with an independant clause attached to a dependant clause
Compound-complex sentence
A sentence with a compound structure and a complex structure
The four sentence purposes
declarative, imperative, interrogative, exclamatory
Declarative sentence
A sentence that declares or makes a statement
Imperative sentence
A sentence that is imperious, that makes a command
Interrogative sentence
A sentence that interrogates, that asks a question
Exclamatory sentence
A sentence that exclaims, that has an exclamation point