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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tsp.
teaspoon
npo
nothing by mouth
pc
after meal
ac
before meal
Anatomy
is the study of structures of the body
Physiology
is the study of the functions of these structures

is the study of the functions of the cells,tissues,organs & systems
Muscular System
>hold the body erect & make movement possible

>muscle movement generates nearly 85% of the heat that keeps the body warm

>muscles move food through the digestive system

>muscle movement such as walking aids the flow of blood through veins as it returns to heart

>muscle action moves fluids through the ducts and tubes associated with other body systems
biceps branchii
aka biceps muscle bi- means two & -ceps mean head

muscle of the anterior upper arm that flexes the elbow
triceps branchii
aka triceps muscle, is formed 3 divisions tri means three & ceps means head

muscle of the posterion upper arm that extends th elbow
pectoralis major
muscle of the chest, pectoralis means relating to the chest
deltoid muscle
w/c forms the muscular shoulder cap
trapizius
muscles located upper back and neck (looks like a triangle)
latissimus dorsi
muscles located middle back that wraps under each arm
quadraceps femoris
large muscle on anterior thigh
gluteus medius
muscle upper outer of the buttock
gluteus maximus
largest muscle of is the middle of the buttock
Skeletal System
>framework of the body
>support and protect the internal organs
cranium
portion of the skull that encloses the brain (crani means skull and -um is a noun ending)

cranium is made up of 8 bones
frontal, parietal,occipital, 2 temporal, sphenoid, ethmoid bone
clavicle
collarbone
scapula
shoulder blade
sternum
breast bone, forms the middle of the front of the rib cage. It is divided into 3 parts: manubrium, body, xiphoid tip
humerus
bone of the upper arm
sacrum
is the slightly curved triangular shaped bone near the base of the spine that forms the lower portion of the back
femur
is the upper leg bone aka thigh bone
patella
is the bony anterior portion of the kneecap
tibia
aka shinbone is the larger weight-bearing in the anterior of the lower leg
fibula
is the smaller of the two bones
cardiovascular (CV)
means pertaining to the heart and blood vessels (cardio means heart, vascul means blood vessels and -ar means pertaining to)
pericardium
is the double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heard (peri- means surrounding, cardi, means heart and -um is a singular noun ending)
epicardium
external area of the heart and also is part of the inner layer of the pericardial sac (epi -means upon, cardi means heart, -um is a singular nound ending)
myocardium
is the middle and thickest of the 3 layers and it consists of specialized cardiac muscle (my/o means muscle, cardi, means heart, and -um is a singular
endocardium
is the lining of the heart (endo-means within, cardi, means heart, and -um is a singular noun ending)
Digestive Systems
aka alimentary canal (aliment means to nourish and -ary means pertaining to)

responsible for intake & digestion of food

absorption of nutrients from digested food

elimination of solid waste products
pharynx
aka throat is the common passageway for both respiration and digestion
epiglottis
w/c closes off the entrance to the tranchea (windpipe). closes off the entrance to the trachea
esophagus
aka gullet is a collapsible tube that leads from the pharynx to the stomach
fundus
upper, rounded, part
body
main portion
antrum
lower part
rugae
are the folds in the mucosa lining the stomach.
pylorus
is the narrow passage connecting the stomach w/the small intestine
pyloric sphincter
is the ring -like muscle that controls the flow from the stomach to the duodem of the
small intestine
extends from the pyloric sphinncter to the first aprt of the large intetine