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18 Cards in this Set

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- gram what?
- O2 oxidizer?
- Unique survival quality
- Susceptible to what?


Can survive inside macrophages b/c they can endure the acid of phagosomes

What are the two types of salmonelloses that are clinically important?
Enteric Salmonelloses

Typhoid Salmonelloses
What causes Enteric Salmonelloses? x2
Salmonella enteritidis

Salmonella typhimurium
Salmonella enteriditis:

- colonizes what?
- reservoir?
- found in what contaminated foods?
GI tract


Poultry, eggs, dairy products
T/F - Enteric Salmonelloses is confined ONLY to the intestinal tract.

It is confined to the GI most of the time, but may invade enterocytes and persist in MESENTARIC LYMPH NODES, where it will produce Salmonella enterotoxin (exotoxin)
What are the clinical symptoms of Enteritis (enterocolitis) associated with Enteric Salmonelloses? x3
Diarrhea (with or without blood)
In the diagnosis of Enteric salmonelloses, what would you look for in the serology?
Presence of antibodies against O and H antigens
Look for the HO's
What type of antibiotics would you prescribe for Enteric Salmonelloses? why or why not?
No Ab treatment

b/c spontaneous reolution
What would you recommend as the prophylaxis for enteric salmonelloses.
Food hygeine
Typhoid Salmonelloses is also known as what? x2
Typhoid fever

Enteric fever
What causes Typhoid Salmonelloses? x4
Salmonella Typhi

Salmonella Paratyphi A, B, C
Typhoid Salmonelloses pathogen:

- source
- transmission
- carriers
Strictly human (NO ANIMALS)

Person to Person (at low dose)

Chronic carriers are asymptomatic and long-term colonizations.
T/F - Typhoid Salmonelloses is confined to the GI.

Once taken up orally, it spreads lymphogenously and hematogenously throughout the body. Thus causes systemic illness (SEPTICEMIA)
Describe the clinical symptoms for typhoid salmonelloses.
Incubation: 1 - 3 wks

Week 1: Fever (rising in stages)

Week 2: Stupor, HA, anorexia, myalgia, malaise

Week 3: Diarrhea, intestinal bleeding
How would you diagnose typhoid salmonelloses? x2
Stool samples in SELECTIVE MEDIA

Antibody detection
How would you treat typhoid salmonelloses?


What would be the recommended prophylaxis for typhoid salmonelloses?
Hygiene for food and water

Vaccine for travelers
What is a common complication of intestinal salmonella?
Reiter's syndrome