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14 Cards in this Set

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Describe Grade I Sprain
Intrasubstance tear/stretch

STABLE
Describe Grade II Sprain
Partial thickness tear

Slight laxity
Describe Grade III Sprain
Rupture

Bad news
Grade I - Closed Head Trauma

- LOC
- PTA
- Sx
- Prognosis
None

None

Less than 10 minutes

Observe 20 minutes
If Asymptomatic, return to play
Grade II - Mild Concussion

- LOC
- PTA
- Sx
- Prognosis
None

Less than 20 minutes

Persists

Remove from competition
Asymptomatic for 1 wk, play
If second, wait 2 wks
If third, out for season
Grade III - Moderate Concussion

- LOC
- PTA
- Sx
- Prognosis
Less than 5 minutes

Less than 12 hours

Post concussive syndrome

Remove from play
CT/MRI with neurcheck
Return to play 2 weeks after normal MRI
If second, out for season
Grade IV - Severe Concussion or Brain Injury

- LOC
- PTA
- Prognosis
Greater than 5 minutes

Greater than 12 hours

Treat presumed spinal injury
Close observation
"My arm went dead."

What is it?
What spinal nerves are affected?
Upper Cervical Root Neuropraxia

C5 and C6
Physeal fractures

- who gets them mostly
- what type of injuries is this associated with?
Kids

Saltor-Harris -> Growth plate injuries
What must you be concerned with for runners?
Femoral Neck Stress Fx
For ankle sprains, what must you beware of?
Syndesmosis
If ankle is tender medially, but not laterally, what do you do?
Check knee for syndesmoses
Patient states, "I feel like I got shot in the heel."

Loud POP was also heard.

What's diagnosis?
Achilles rupture
What is the female athlete triad?
Amenorrhea

Anorexia (eating disorder)

Osteoporosis