Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/9

Click to flip

9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the typical culprit of ischemia?
Atherosclerosis
What is the typical culprit of hemorrhagic?
Hypertension and aneurysm
What are the two strategies for neurological protection?
1. Improve blood flow
2. Reduce brain energy demand
What is thrombolysis?
IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) to increase blood flow
What are three ways to restore blood flow?
1. Thrombolysis
2. MERCI retriever (embolectomy)
3. Maintenance of brain perfusion pressure
What are four strategies for decreasing energy demand in stroke patients?
1. Hypothermia (only for kids)
2. Sedation + Anxiolysis + Anticonvulsant
3. Reduce production of action potential (anticonvulsant)
4. Inhibit excitatory synaptic transmission
Membrane damage causes what three things?
1. Damage to mitocondria
2. Breakdown of plasma membrane
3. Lysosome lysis
What two things causes protein and DNA damage?
1. Increased Ca2+ levels
2. Reactive oxygen species
What are the three mechanisms of BBB breakdown?
1. Loss of glucose (primary)
2. Inflammatory response
3. Excitotoxicity