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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
#1 Q

The term for any category of people who share some common physical characteristic(s) and are regarded by themselves and others as a distinct status group
#1 A

RACE
[RACIAL GROUP]
#2 Q

The term for a group of people who are recognized as distinct based upon cultural characteristics (e.g., religion or ancestry)
#2 A

ETHNIC GROUP
#3 Q

In the U.S., this is true of most discrimination on the basis of sex, religion, or physical handicap
#3 A

It is illegal
#4 Q

The term for when, for example, hispanic home-buyers are shown houses in mostly hispanic neighborhoods, while people of other racial or ethic groups are shown houses in racially mixed neighborhoods
#4 A

RACIAL STEERING
#5 Q

The term for when, for example, an elementary school hires only females because they fear that parents expect instructors to be "nurturing" and only females can fulfill this "requirement"
#5 A

INSTITUTIONAL SEXISM
#6 Q

This is true of AFFIRMATIVE ACTION
#6 A

It is defined as a special effort by employers to increase the number of minority (including female) employees, or to upgrade those employees' positions
#7 Q

This is the term that Adorno used to describe the type of personality associated with PREJUDICE
#7 A

AUTHORITARIAN personality
#8 Q

This is the term for when PREJUDICED persons exaggerate the faults of minority groups while denying or minimizing their own faults
#8 A

PROJECTION
#9 Q

This is the theory that applies to a process in which people become PREJUDICED by growing up in PREJUDICED environments at home where they learn PREJUDICE from their significant others
#9 A

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY
#10 Q

This is what Conflict Theorists contend that causes racial or ethnic inequality
#10 A

One group benefits from subjugating other group(s)
#11 Q

When Sean does not openly express his racist or PREJUDICED ideas, yet he opposes any social policy that would reduce social inequality, his behavior illustrates this form of PREJUDICE
#11 A

SYMBOLIC RACISM
#12 Q

This is the most common perspective/approach among modern sociologists who study racial and ethnic relations
#12 A

Conflict perspective
#13 Q

List three Conflict theories of INTERGROUP RELATIONS identified in the text
#13 A

Conflict theories:
1) INTERNAL COLONIALISM
2) SPLIT-LABOR-MARKET
3) MARXIST
#14 Q

This Conflict theory of INTERGROUP RELATIONS contends that majority group workers generally receive higher paying jobs while minority group workers receive lower paying jobs in the U.S.
#14 A

SPLIT-LABOR-MARKET
#15 Q

This is the group that the text identifies as occupying an INTERMEDIATE STATUS between a minority group and a majority group
#15 A

ASIAN AMERICANS
#16 Q

This is the INTERGROUP RELATIONS theory that emphasizes competition, economic motives and unequal power
#16 A

SPLIT-LABOR-MARKET
#17 Q

This is the term for a type of ASSIMILATION that occurs when a minority group is required to adopt the culture of the majority group
#17 A

FORCED ASSIMILATION
#18 Q

The "majority group" in the U.S. consists of these groups of people
#18 A

Whites from northern and western Europe
#19 Q

This is what William Julius Wilson stated in his book, "The Truly Disadvantaged", regarding the cause of the disadvantages currently experienced by poor African Americans and Hispanics in the U.S.
#19 A

Changes in the job market