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36 Cards in this Set

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#01 Q

The term used to describe children who are raised in isolation
#01 A

FERAL children
Page 97
#02 Q

These theories of socialization and development contend that what happens in childhood influences a person's entire life
#02 A

All three of the following theories:
a) Interactionist
b) Freudian
c) Cognitive Development
Pages 98-99 & 102-104
#03 Q

According to George Mead, this is what almost all of human behavior is a product of
#03 A

Social interaction
Page 100
#04 Q

Mead's term for the spontaneous, unsocialized, unpredictable part of the self
#04 A

the " I "
(capital letter i)
Page 100
#05 Q

Interactionists use this term to describe the individuals with whom a child interacts on a regular basis and who shape how children come to see themselves
#05 A

SIGNIFICANT OTHERS
( a.k.a. "S.O.'s" )
Page 100
#06 Q

Mead's term for the stage when children learn to respond to the expectations of their society (rather than to individuals)
#06 A

GAME STAGE
Pages 100-101
#07 Q

This is what Freud believed shaped behavior and personality
#07 A

Interaction between NATURE and NURTURE
Page 103
#08 Q

The stage of life in which Freud believed the tendency toward aggression and sex drive begins
#08 A

Infancy and early childhood
Page 103
#09 Q

A key developer of a COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT theory of personality development
#09 A

Jean Piaget
Pages 104-106
#10 Q

This is the belief upon which Erik Erikson based his concept of "Eight Stages of Life"
#10 A

Everyone goes through a series of PSYCHOSOCIAL stages, each with opposing positive and negative parts
Page 103
#11 Q

The theorist who most directly affected Kohlberg's theory of moral development
#11 A

Jean Piaget
Page 105
#12 Q

Identify the most accurate Socialization Theory
#12 A

All socialization theories are at least "partially right", in that they emphasize different aspects of the socialization process
Page 108
#13 Q

Socialization is a manifest function of this/(these) AGENT(s) OF SOCIALIZATION
#13 A

a) SCHOOL
b) FAMILY
c) CHURCH
Pages 108-110
#15 Q

Goffman used this term to describe the military, mental hospitals, and residential substance-abuse centers
#15 A

TOTAL INSTITUTIONS
#14 Q

The AGENT(s) OF SOCIALIZATION having the greatest effect on individuals during their early childhood
#14 A

The FAMILY
Page 108
#16 Q

"Brainwashing" of U.S. prisoners-of-war during the Korean War is an example of this
#16 A

RESOCIALIZATION in a TOTAL INSTITUTION
#17 Q

Identify the socialization techniques that were used in the "brainwashing" programs during the Korean War
#17 A

Examples:
a) SELECTIVE EXPOSURE and MODELING
b) REWARD AND PUNISHMENT
c) NURTURANCE and IDENTIFICATION
#18 Q

This is the term that describes children who are born into a social group who are prepared for roles that are consistent with that group's position in society
#18 A

SOCIAL CHANNELING
#19 Q

The term that refers to the process of an individual developing strong positive feelings toward a person acting as an AGENT OF SOCIALIZATION
#19 A

IDENTIFICATION
#20 Q

This is how the Conflict perspective sees the socialization process
#20 A

A process that helps the powerful preserve and pass on their advantages
#21 Q

Cognitive Development theories of SOCIALIZATION resemble the theories of these two Conflict theorists, in that they nature plays a role and that people move through a series of physiological stages
#21 A

A) Freud
B) Erikson
#22 Q

Kohlberg and Piaget are key theorists of this Theory of SOCIALIZATION and Development
#22 A

COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
#23 Q

Piaget's theories on Socialization and Development viewed the role of nature versus nurture as this
#23 A

Emphasized natural development of reasoning ability, allowing understanding of social environment
#24 Q

Kohlberg's theories on Socialization and Development viewed the role of nature versus nurture as this
#24 A

Reasoning is seen as a joint outcome of natural development and social interaction
#25 Q

List Kohlberg's 3 LEVELS of Socialization and Development
#25 A

LEVELS:
1) PRECONVENTIONAL
2) CONVENTIONAL
3) POSTCONVENTIONAL
#26 Q

List Kohlberg's 6 STAGES of Socialization and Development
#26 A

STAGES:
[Preconventional Level]
1) Punishment avoidance
2) Need satisfaction

[Conventional Level]
3) Good boy, good girl
4) Law and Order

[Postconventional Level]
5) Social contracts
6) Universal ethics principles
#27 Q

List Piaget's 4 stages (with ages) of Socialization and Development
#27 A

Stages:
1) Sensorimotor (0-2 years)
2) Preoperational (2-7 years)
3) Concrete operations (7-11 years)
4) Formal operations (12+ years
#28 Q

Mead's theories on Socialization and Development viewed the role of nature versus nurture as this
#28 A

Emphasized NURTURE; little if any consideration of nature
#29 Q

Freud's theories on Socialization and Development viewed the role of nature versus nurture as this
#29 A

Socialization seen as struggle between nature and nurture
#30 Q

Erikson's theories on Socialization and Development viewed the role of nature versus nurture as this
#30 A

Emphasized NURTURE, in the context of natural development
#31 Q

List Mead's stages of Socialization and Development
#32 A

Stages:
1) PLAY stage: (the "I")
interaction with specfic individuals
2) GAME stage: (the "ME")
interaction with roles
#32 Q

List Freud's stages (with ages) of Socialization and Development
#32 A

Stages:
1) ORAL (0-1 years)
2) ANAL (1-3 years)
3) PHALLIC (3-4 years)
4) OEDIPAL (4-6 years)
5) LATENCY (6-11 years)
6) GENITAL (11 years +)
#33 Q

A MANIFEST FUNCTION is this
#33 A

People and institutions that are intentioally designed to be Agents of SOCIALIZATION
#34 Q

List the four SOCIALIZATION PROCESSES
#34 A

1) SELECTIVE EXPOSURE
2) MODELING
3) REWARD & PUNISHMENT
4) NURTURANCE & IDENTIFICATION
#35 Q

PRIMARY SOCIALIZATION
#35 A

SOCIALIZATION that occurs in childhood
#36 Q

List at least two examples of ADULT SOCIALIZATION given in the text
#36 A

a) employment
b) marriage
c) children