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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
#01 Q

A self-contained and organized group of people who interact under common political authority within a geographic area
#01 A

SOCIETY
#02 Q

This type of society (among INDUSTRIALIZED, AGRICULTURAL and PREINDUSTRIALIZED) is most likely to have both a culture and a social structure
#02 A

All types of society:
a) INDUSTRIALIZED
b) AGRICULTURAL
c) PREINDUSTRIALIZED
#03 Q

List one example (from the text) of NONMATERIAL culture
#03 A

Examples include:
a) Values
b) Religious beliefs
c) Favorite colors
#04 Q

This theory argues that languages both REFLECT and help SHAPE people's perceptions of reality
#04 A

LINGUISTIC RELATIVITIY hypothesis
#05 Q

The term that sociologists use when referring to the shared expectations for social behavior in society
#05 A

NORM
#09 Q

The type of status that someone is born into
#09 A

ASCRIBED STATUS
#10 Q

The type of status that describes occupation, educational attainment, and income level
#10 A

ACHIEVED STATUS
#11 (part 1) Q

In society, do we occupy STATUS or play STATUS?
#11 (part 1) A

We occupy STATUS
(and play ROLES)
#11 (part 2) Q

In society, do we play ROLES or occupy ROLES?
#11 (part 2) A

We play ROLES
(and occupy STATUS)
#14 Q

The perception that other cultures are different but not deficient (or bad)
#14 A

CULTURAL RELATIVISM
#15 Q

The term that Karl Marx used to describe a group's acceptance of beliefs/values that work against that group's self-interest
#15 A

FALSE CONSCIOUSNESS
#08 Q

These three concepts refer to "SOCIAL STRUCTURE"
#08 A

a) SOCIAL POSITIONS
b) Relationships
c) Different resources attached to social positions
#16 Q

The term that describes people commuting to work even though technology makes it possible for them to do their work from home
#16 A

CULTURE LAG
#17 Q

The term SUBCULTURE refers to this type of group
#17 A

A group that exists within some larger context in society
#06 Q

Reverence in church and respect for the flag are examples of this type of social expectation
#06 A

MORES
(Pronounced: Mor-AYz)
#12 Q

Conflicting expectations between your roles as a college student, part-time employee, and single person
#12 A

ROLE CONFLICT
#07 Q

Wearing jeans, a T-shirt and tennis shoes to a prom dance would be a violation of this type of social expectation
#07 A

FOLKWAY
#18 Q

Identify an example of a group that the text refers to as COUNTERCULTURE
#18 A

Examples:
a) the "Aryan Nations"
b) "Hell's Angels"
c) the Klu Klux Klan ("KKK")
#20 Q

These are some critics' arguments against MULTICULTURALISM
#20 A

Examples:
a) Encourages divisions in society by encouraging people to maintain their cultural differences
b) Differences in cultural values will often lead to conflict
c) Excessive cultural diversity can be dysfunctional for society
#13 Q

This term refers to when a practice or social arrangement has become widely accepted in society
#13 A

INSTITUTIONALIZED
#19 Q

Issues of conflict/division in society that divide people along generally similar lines on different issues
#19 A

OVERLAPPING CLEAVAGES