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18 Cards in this Set

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#01 Q

The variable that is the CAUSE
#01 A

INDEPENDENT VARIABLE
(does NOT depend upon other variables...stands "independently"; and causes the DEPENDENT variable)
#02 Q

A precise statement of the meaning of a variable (for measurement).
#02 A

OPERATIONAL DEFINITION
#03 Q

The term for when variables are measured several times and yield the same result
#03 A

RELIABLE
#04 Q

The type of relationship in the following research example:
More study = higher test scores
Less study = lower test scores
#04 A

POSITIVE relationship
#05 Q

A third variable that is used to determine whether there is an alternative explanation for the apparent relationship between the INDEPENDENT and DEPENDENT variables
#05 A

CONTROL VARIABLE
#06 Q

The term for abstract concepts that cannot be measured directly (intelligence, happiness, power, etc.)
#06 A

CONSTRUCT
#07 Q

Members of EXPERIMENTAL and CONTROL groups should have these characteristics in common (list 3)
#07 A

1) Age
2) Sex
3) Educational level
#08 Q

The term for the attempt of research subjects to please the researcher rather than respond to the subject of the study
#08 A

HAWTHORNE EFFECT
(also: Reactivity)
#09 Q

The most widely used type of research design in modern sociology
#09 A

Survey research
#10 Q

The three most common types of survey research
#10 A

1) Questionnaires
2) Telephone interviews
3) Personal interviews
#11 Q

The one method of survey research that is considered the most thorough and reliable
#11 A

Personal interviews
#12 Q

The type of research required for multivariate analysis
#12 A

Survey Research
(with a large N)
#13 Q

Type(s) of research can be influenced by REACTIVITY
#13 A

1) Participant observation
2) Surveys
3) Experiments
#14 Q

The form of field observation research in which the researcher does NOT become involved
#14 A

UNOBTRUSIVE observation
#15 Q

Mean, median and mode are three common measurements of this
#15 A

CENTRAL TENDENCY
#16 Q

A primary existing data source that may be used for sociological research
#16 A

the U.S. Census Bureau
#19 Q

This is the most significant disadvantage of UNOBTRUSIVE OBSERVATION
#19 A

The tendency to be somewhat lacking in depth (detail)
#18 Q

This is the variable that is the EFFECT
#18 A

DEPENDENT variable
(depends upon and is caused by the INDEPENDENT variable)