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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the strategy for Main Point questions?
1. Identify conclusion and premises
2. Use the Why Test and match your conclusion against 5 choices
3. Don't fall for opposites
4. Look for extreme wording and whether the answer falls within in scope of material
What is the strategy for Assumption questions?
1. (CPA) Identify Conclusions, Premises, and Assumptions
2. If you can't find assumption look for the gap between two ideas in argument
3. The Assumption is NECESSARY for the conclusion to work.
4. When down to final choices, negate them, and look for the one that falls apart.
What is the strategy for Weaken questions?
1. (CPA) Identify Conclusions, Premises, and Assumptions
2. Read critically, look for large leaps in logic
3. Look for answer that has the most negative impact on the leap in logic
What is the strategy for Strengthen questions?
1. (CPA) Identify Conclusions, Premises, and Assumptions
2. Read critically, look for large leaps in logic
3. Look for the answer that has the most positive impact on the leap in logic
What is the strategy for Resolve/Explain questions?
1. Identify the apparent discrepancy or paradox
2. Look for the answer that allows both facts from the argument to be true
What is the strategy for Inference questions?
1. Read slowly, look for qualifiers, go to answers
2. Cross off choices not DIRECTLY supported by the passage
3. Look for extreme wording and whether the answer falls within the scope of material
4. Apply the contrapositive
What is the strategy for Reasoning questions?
1. Describe the situation to yourself, focusing on conclusions and premises
2. Apply this summary to all the answer choices
3. Compare actions in the answers to the argument.
4. Cross off if there is extra material. Cross off if too vague. Look for the one that is 'just right'
What is the strategy for Flaw questions?
1. Break down argument into parts; the flaw is probably in the assumption
2. State in your own words the flaw of the argument
3. Match the answer that has the same flaw as the argument
What is the strategy for Principle questions?
1. Determine the direction of the argument. Draw if necessary
2. Look for answer that justifies action or matches the principle
What is the strategy for Parallel-the-Reasoning questions?
1. Save for LAST
2. Determine if the argument has flawed or valid reasoning
3. Diagram the argument. Diagram each of the answers
4. If the argument is flawed, be careful not to choose an answer that fixes it