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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Metatarsals
bones of your foot
tarsals
ankle (7 bones)
Talus
Bone that articulates with the Tibia
Calcaneus
Under Talus (heel bone)
achilles tendon
calcaneal
cuboid bone
forward from calcaneus
navicular
forward from talus
cuneiform bones
3 bones that articulate with metatarsals
Pelvic Girdle
made up of 3 large bones
3 bones that make up the pelvic girdle
Coxae: ilium, ischium, pubis
Pelvis
Coxa, sacrum, and coccyx
iliac crest
large ridge of bone for muscle attachment [ex: gluteus maximus] (hip bones)
greater sciatic notch
notch behind iliac spine for sciatic nerve
Sciatic nerve
main nerve that runs down legs, carries sensory information to the brain
ischium
lower back bone of coxa
ischial tuberosity
thick part of ischium; the part you sit on
ramus (branch)
projects forward and meet with the inferior ramus of pubis.
pubic tubercle
where 2 pubic bones are connected together
pubic symphysis
the pad of cartilage between pubic bones
superior pubic ramus
upper part of pubic bone
obturator foramen
pubis and ischium arcs join to form a circle; covered by a membrane and attached are muscle that move thigh
internal and external obtuators
muscles attached to obturator foramen
iliac fossa
medial surface of ilium; "bowl"
arcuate line
line across the iliac fossa (on back)
acetabulum
rounded cup of bone when the head of the femur sits
femur
main leg bone; largest bone in the body
displasia
head of femur doesn't quit "fit" in hips
What are the 2 tuberosities for uscles and ligament attachment on the Femur?
Greater trochanter and lesser trochanter
greater trochanter
projects laterally
less trochanter
projects medially/posteriorally
linea aspera
"rough line"; ridge of bone for muscle attachment that runs down he length of the shaft
adduct
when a muscle brings the leg toward the trunk
medial and lateral supercondylar ridges
where the ridge divides into 2 parts (distal end of shaft)
condyles
round bumps at the end of the femur
intercondylar fossa
poster side; depression betweencondyles' groove on backside of femur (separates the condyles)
patellar surface
where the patella sits
Petella
knee bone (sesamoid bone) formed within the tendon of the quadriceps femoris
quadriceps femoris
4 muscles on the thigh that straighten the knee out
patellar ligament
the ligament attached to the quadriceps femoris that hold the knee in place
tibia
large bone of lower leg (shin bone); only weight bearing bone in lower leg
lateral and medial condyles of the tibia
where the femur sits
tibial tuberosity
bump where patellar ligament attaches (bump below patella)
anterior crest
shinbone
medial malleolus
distal end where it flares out and connects to talus (inside ankle bone)
fibula
smaller bone on lower leg for muscle attachment
lateral malleolus
bump on outside of ankle
interosseous membrane
connects tibia and fibula from the interosseous crest on fibula to the crest of tibia