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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anterior sacroiliac ligament
anterior aspect of 1st&2nd vertebrae - ilium
Interosseous sacroiliac ligament
sacral tuberosity - iliac tuberosity
Posterior sacroiliac ligament
Upper part (short)
1st&2nd transverse tubercles on the back of the sacrum - iliac tuberosity
Posterior sacroiliac ligament
Lower part (long)
3rd transverse tucercle on the back of the sacrum - iliac spine
Sacrotuberous ligament
Sacrum&Ilium - ischial tuberosity
Sacrospinous ligament
ichial spine - lateral margins of sacrum&coccyx (dividing the lesser and greater foramina)
Pubic Symphysis
Superior&inferior ligaments
Interpubic disc
Obturator membrane
membrane that almost closes the obturator foramen.
Obturator canal
Hole in oburator membrane through which obturator vessels and nerve go.
Greater sciatic foramen
formed by greater sciatic notch, sacrospinous lig and the sacrotuberous lig. Piriformis muscles passes from the pelvis.
Lesser sciatic foramen
formed by lesser sciatic notch, sacrospinous lig, and the sacrotuberous lig. Obturator mm passes through from the pelvis. It also transmits internal pudendal artery, vein and nerve medially to the ischioanal fossa.
Iliofemoral lig
Anterior inferior iliac spine - intertrochantric line
Pubofemoral lig

superior ramus of pubis - Lower part of intertrochantric line
Limtis abduction!
Ischiofemoral lig

ischium above the neck of femur to trochantric fossa.
Limits rotation!
Acetabular labrum

Lip of acetabulum
transverse acetabular lig

Acetabular labrum where it overlaps acetabular notch and creates a tunnel where nutrient vessels enter the joint.
Prevents inferior displacement of head of femur!
Ligament of head of femur

Acetabular notch - fovea for ligament of head of femur
Transmits vessel and does not influence joint mechanics
Lateral miniscus

Nearly circular miniscus below corresponding femoral condyle. relatively mobile
Anterior meniscofemoral lig

Post. end of lat. miniscus - medial condyle of femur
occasionally present
Posterior meniscofemoral lig

Lat. meniscus - fibular surface of medial condyle of femur
Medial miniscus

Crescent-shaped miniscus. Attached to corresponding collateral lig and thus highly susceptible to injury
Transverse lig of the knee
connects ant. ends of the two minisci
Anterior cruciate lig

Ant. intercondylar area - superiorly&posteriorly to med. aspect of lat. fem. condyle
Posterior cruciate lig

Post. intercondylar area - med. aspect of med. fem. condyle
Fibular (lateral) collateral lig

Head of fibula - lateral epicondyle of fem. Lack of attachment to joint capsule and minisci
Tibial (medial) collateral lig

Tibia - medial epicondyle of fem. Attached to joint capsule and med miniscus
Oblique popliteal lig

insertion of semimembranous mm - superolateral
Arcuate popliteal lig

head of fibula - within post. wall of joint capsule
Patellar lig

continuation of tendon of the quadriceps femoris - tibial tuberosity
Medial patellar retinaculum

aponeurosis derived from vastus medialis - tibial tuberosity
Back-up extensor mechanism
Lateral patellar retinaculum

aponeurosis derived from vastus lateralis & rectus femoris - tibial tuberosity
Anterior lig of fibular head
Strong fibers from head of fibula to tibia that holds the bones together
Posterior ligament of fibular head
head of fibula - tiba
weak band of fibers
during maximal forward dorsiflexion in the ankle (____) joint, there is expansion of the __________ and this results in a compensatory movement in the tibiofibular joint. Thus, this joint is also called a ________ joint
malleolar mortise
Movement of tibiofibular joint
almost immobile synovial joint
Interosseous membrane (lower limb)
Membrane that fixes the tibia and the fibula very tensely.
Tibiofibular syndesomosis
At distal end of tibia&fibula
Anterior tibiofibular lig
flat lig. that runs obliquely over ant. surfaces of the tib&fib
Posterior tibiofibular lig
lig that runs horizontally between post. surfaces of tib&fib
In extended knee both ____ ligaments and the anterior part of the _______ ligament are taut
anterior cruciate lig
During the last 10* movement before complete extension of knee joint there is an __________ of about __
Obligatory terminal rotaion-5*
"the joint is screwed home"
Knee joint is screwed home. =?Caused by stretching of ______ and is permitted by the shape of the _________ and assisted by ________
Obligatory terminal rotation during last 10* movement before complete extension.
Anterior cruciate lig
Medial femoral condyle
Iliotibial tract
In flexed knee the ________ is completely relaxed and the ______ largely slack. While ____________ are taut.
fibular collateral lig
tibial collateral lig
Ant.&post. cruciate ligaments
When _____, the knee joint can also be slightly rotated. Medial rotation is _____ than that of the lateral rotation
Flexed knee joint also allows

___ rot is less than that of the ___ rot
the limit of lateral rotation of knee while Flexed is primarily determined by ______
The cruciate ligaments primarily determine limitation of ______ while knee joint is _____
In case of ruptured anterior cruciate lig the so-called ______ might be observed => in flexed pos the lower leg can be ______
Anterior drawer sign may be observed when ______ is ruptured. => lower leg can be pulled forwardly 2-3cm in _____pos
Rupture of posterior cruciate lig and fibular collateral lig results in _________ => the leg may be ______
Posterior drawer sign is a result of rupture of ________ and _______ => lower leg may be pushed backward
abnormal lateral movements occur if there is a torn ______ Also called ______
A wobbly joint is caused by a torn lateral ligament and causes ________ movements