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37 Cards in this Set

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term that describes pregnancy
Gravidity
Number of pregnancies in which the fetus(es) has (have reached viability, not the # of fetuses (e.g., twins) born (whether the fetus is born alive or is stillborn--i.e., the fetus who shows no signs of life at birth, after viability is reached, has no effect on this numeric designation)
Parity
Woman who is pregnant
Gravida
Woman who has never been pregnant
Nulligravida
Woman who has not completed a pregnancy w/ a fetus (or fetuses) who has (have) reached the stage of fetal viability
Nullipara
Woman who is pregnant for the first time
Primigravida
Woman who has not completed a pregnancy w/ a fetus or fetuses who have reached the stage of fetal viability
Primipara
Woman who has had two or more pregnancies to the stage of fetal viability
Multipara
Woman who has had two or more pregnancies
Multigravida
Term referring to a pregnancy that has reached 20 weeks of gestation but before completion of 37 weeks of gestation
Preterm
Capacity to live outside the uterus, about 22 to 24 weeks since the last menstrual period, or a fetal weight more than 500g
Viability
Term used to describe a pregnancy from the beginning of the 38th week of gestation to the end of the 42nd week of gestation
Term
Two terms used to describe a pregnancy that goes beyond 42 weeks of gestation
Postterm, postdate
Substance whose presence in urine or serum results in a positive pregnancy test result
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
Menstrual bleeding no longer occurring
Amenorrhea
fundal height decreased, fetal head in pelvic inlet
Lightening
cervix and vagina violet-blue in color
Chadwick sign
Swelling of ankles and feet at the end of the day
Physiologic edema
Cervical tip softened
Goodell sign
Increased hair growth on face and abdomen
hirsutism
Fetal head rebounding w/ gentle upward tapping through vagina
ballotement
White mucoid vaginal discharge w/ faint musty odor
leukorrhea
Enlarged sebaceous glands in areola on both breasts
Montgomery tubercles
plug of mucus filling endocervical canal
Operculum
Pink stretch marks on breasts and abdomen
Striae gravidarium
Thick, creamy fluid expressed from nipples
colostrum
Cheeks, nose, and forehead blotchy, hyperpigmented
chloasma (mask of pregnancy)
Pigmented line extending up abdominal midline
linea nigra
Varicosities around anus
hemorrhoids
Heartburn experienced after supper
pyrosis
Lumbosacral curve increased
lordosis
Paresthesia and pain in right hand radiating down elbow
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Spotting following cervical palpitation or intercourse
friability
Hematocrit decreased from 40% to 36%
physiologic anemia
Vascular spiders on neck and thorax
telangiectasis (angioma)
Palms pinkish red, mottled
palmar erythema
Abdominal wall muscles separated
Diastasis recti abdominis