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102 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cell
fundamental unit of all living things (animal or plant)
cell membrane
surrounds & protects cell and regulates what passes into and out of the cell
Nucleus
controls the operation of the cell - control center
Chromosomes
rod-like structures within the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes
DNA
chemicla found w/in each chromosome - directs the activity of the cell
Karyotyping
determines whether the chromosomes are normal in number & structure (test)
Cytoplasm
cell formation - includes all the material outside the nucleus and enclosed by the cell membrane
Mitochondria
produce energy by burning food in the presence of oxygen. (catabolism - break down)
Endoplasmic reticulum
a network of canals in which proteins are manufactured for use in the cell (anabolism - build up)
Metabolism
the total of the chemical process occuring in a cell (catabolism & anabolism)
Anabolism
process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials
Catabolism
Process of breaking down complex materials (food) to form simpler substances & release energy
Genes
regions of DNA within each chromosome
Systems
groups of organs working together to perform complex functions
adipose tissue
collection of fat cells
cartilage
flexible connective tissue attached to bones and joints
epithelial cell
skin cells that cover the external body and line the internal surfaces of organs
histologist
specialist in the study of tissues
larynx
voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea
pharynx
throat. common passageway for food and air
pituitary gland
Endocrine gland a the base of the brain
thyroid gland
endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck
trachea
windpipe - leads from the throat to the bronchial tubes
ureter
one of two tubes each leading from a single kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra
tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
uterus
the womb
viscera
internal organs
abdominal cavity
contains the liver, stomach, gallbladder and intestines
cranial cavity
contains the brain and surrounded by the skull
diaphragm
muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
dorsal (posterior)
pertaining to the back
mediastinum
centrally located space between the lungs
pelvic cavity
contains portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder and reproductive organs
peritoneum
membrane surrounding the organs, in the abdomen
pleura
a double-layered membrane surrounding each lung
pleural cavity
space between the pleural membranes and surrounding each lung
spinal cavity
space within the spinal column and containing the spinal chord
thoracic cavity
space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus & other organs
ventral (dorsal)
pertaining to the front
vertebra
a single backbone
vertebrae
backbones
spinal column
bone tissue surrounding the spinal cavity
spinal cord
nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
disk (disc)
a pad of cartilage between vertebrae
anterior (ventral)
front side of the body
posterior (dorsal)
the back sidd of the body
deep
away from the surface
superficial
on the surface
proximal
near the point of attachment to the trunk or the beginning of a structure
distal
far from the point of attachment
inferior (caudal)
below another structure
superior (cephalic)
above another structure
medial
pertaining to the middleor nearer the medial plane of the body
lateral
pertaining to the side
supine
lying on the back - face up
prone
lying on the belly - face down
abdomin/o
abdomen
adip/o
fat
ater/o
front
bol/o
to cast (throw)
cervic/o
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chrom/o
color
coccyg/o
tailbone
crani/o
skull
cyt/o
cell
dist/o
far, distant
dors/o
back portion of the body
hist/o
tissue
ili/o
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o
groin
kary/o
nucleus
lter/o
side
lumb/o
lower back (side and back between the ribs and the pelvis)
medi/o
middle
nucle/o
nucleus
pelv/o
hip, pelvic cavity
poster/o
back, behind
proxim/o
nearest
sacr/o
sacrum
spin/o
spine, backbone
thel/o
nipple
thorac/o
chest
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o
navel, umbilicus
ventr/o
belly sid of the body
vertebr/o
vertebrae, backbones
viscer/o
internal organs
ana-
up
cata-
down
epi-
above
hypo-
below
inter-
between
meta-
change
-eal
pertaining to
-iac
pertaining to
-ior
pertaining to
-ism
process
-ose
pertaining to , full of
-plasm
formation
-somes
bodies
-type
picture, classification