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195 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a-, an-
no, not, without
ab-
away from (notice that the "b" faces away from the "a")
abductor
draw away from (muscle that draws a limb away from the body)
abnormal
away from normal
ad-
toward (notice that the "d" faces toward the "a")
adductor
draw towards
adrenal glands
endocrine glands located above each kidney
ana-
up, apart
anabolism
building up proteins
analysis
breaking up
anomaly
irregularity in a structure or organ
anoxia
without oxygen
ante-
before, forward
ante cibum
before meals
anteflexion
to bend forward
antepartum
before labor
anti
against
antibiotic
destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms (small living things)
antibody
protein substances made by white blood cells in response to the presence of foreign antigens
antigen
stimulates the production of antibodies
antisepsis
against infections
antitoxin
against poison
apnea
not breathing
auto-
self, own
autoimmune
body makes antibodies against its own good cells and tissues, causing inflammation and injury
ben-
good
benign
not cancerous tumor
bi-
two
bifurcation
forking into two
bilateral
two sides
-blast
embryonic, immature
brady-
slow
bradycardia
slow heartbeat
carp/o
wrist bones
cata-
down
catabolism
breakdown
cib/o
meals
cis/o
to cut
con-
with, together
congenital anomaly
born with abnormality
connective
bind together
connective tissue
supports and binds other body tissue and parts
contra-
against, opposite
contraindication
special symptom that renders the use of a remedy or procedure inadvisable
contralateral
opposite side (muscles on one side of the body are controlled by nerves on the opposite side)
cost/o
rib
cutane/o
skin
-cyesis
pregnancy
dactyl/o
finders, toes
de-
down, lack of
dehydration
lack of water
dia-
through, complete
dialysis
complete separation
diameter
to measure through
diarrhea
abnormally frequent watery discharge through the bowel
-drome
to run
duct/o
to lead, carry
dys-
bad, painful, difficult, abnormal
dysplasia
abnormal development
dyspnea
painful breathing
ec-, ecto-
out, outside
echocardiogram
ultrasound images of the heart
ectopic pregnancy
pregnancy out of place (embryo implants outside the uterus)
en-, endo-
in, within
endocardium
structure within the heart
endoscope
instrument for visual examination within the body
endotracheal
within the trachea
epi-
upon, on, above
epithelium
tissue above the nipple
eu-
good, normal
euphoria
exaggerated feeling of well-being
euthryoid
normal thyroid function
ex-
out, away from
exophthalmos
protrusion of the eyeball
flex/o
to bend
furc/o
forking, branching
-fusion
coming together; to pur
-gen
producing, forming
gloss/o
tongue
glyc/o
sugar
hemi-
half
hemiglossectomy
removal of half of the tongue
hyper-
exessive, above
hyperglycemia
excessive sugar
hyperplasia
excessive development (increase in cell numbers)
hypertrophy
excessive nourishment (increase in size if individual cells)
hypo-
deficient, under
hypodermic
under the skin
hypodermic injection
injection under the skin
hypoglycemia
deficient sugar
immun/o
protection
immune reaction
reaction between an antigen and an antibody
in-
not, into, within
incision
to cut into
infra-
beneath
infracostal
beneath the skin
insomniac
person suffering from insomnia (not sleeping)
inter-
between
intercostal
between the ribs
intra-
into, within
intravenous
into the vein
ipsi-
same
ipsilateral
same side
-lapse
to slide, fall, sag
-lysis
breakdown, separation, loosening
macro-
large
macrocephaly
large head (congenital anomaly)
mal-
bad
malaisa
bad feeling
malignant
bad tumor (cancerous)
meta-
beyond, change
metacarpal bones
beyond the wrist bones
metamorphosis
change shape
metastasis
beyond control, change place
-meter
to measure
micro-
small
microscope
small instrument for visual examination
-mission
to send
morph/o
shape, form
mort/o
death
nat/i
birth
nect/o
to bind, tie, connect
neo-
new
neonatal
new birth (interval from birth to 28 days)
neoplasm
new development
norm/o
rule, order
-or
one who
ox/o
oxygen
pan-
all
pancytopenia
deficiency of all cells
para-
abnormal, beside, near
paralysis
abnormal disruption of the connection between nerve and muscle
parasitism
example of symbiosis, occurs when one organism benefits and the other does not
parathryoid glands
beside the thryoid glands
parathryoid hormone
incrases blood calcium and maintains it at a normal level
-partum
birth, labor
per-
through
percutaneous
through the skin
peri-
surrounding
pericardium
tissue surrounding the heart
periosteum
tissue surrounding bone
-phoria
to bear, carry; feeling (mental state)
-physis
to grow
-plasia
development, formation
-plasm
development, formation
-pnea
breathing
poly-
many, much
plymerase chain reaction (PCR)
method of producing multiple copies of a single gene
polymorphonuclear
nucleus of many shapes
polyneuritis
inflammation of many nerves
post-
after, behind
postmortem
after death
postpartum
after labor
pre-
before, in front of
precancerous
before cancer
prenatal
before birth
pro-
before, forward
prodrome
before illness (symptoms appear before the actual illness and signal its onset)
prolapse
slide forward
pseudo-
false
pseudocyesis
false pregnancy
-ptosis
drop, sag, prolapse
pub/o
pubis (pubic bone), anterior portion of the pelvic or hipbone
re-
back, again
recombinant DNA
removing a gene and recombining it with DNA of another organism
relapse
slide back (disease or symptoms return after an apparent recovery)
remission
symptoms lessen and the patient feels better
retro-
behind, backward
retroflexion
bend backwards (abnormal position of an organ, bent or tilted backward)
retroperitoneal
pertaining to behind the peritoneum
-rrhea
flow, discharge
seps/o
infection
somn/o
sleep
son/o
sound
-stasis
stop, control; place
sub-
under
subcutaneous
under the skin
supra-
above, upper
suprapubic
above the pubis
symbiosis
two organisms living together in close association, either for mutual benefit or not
symmetry
equality of parts on opposite sides of the body
symphysis
joint in which the bony surfaces are firmly united
syn, sym
together, with
syndactyly
webbed fingers or toes
syndrome
group of signs or symptoms
synthesis
building up; putting together
tachy-
fast
tachypnea
breathing fast
the/o
to put, place
thel/o
nipple
thyr/o
shield; the shape of the thyroid gland resembled (-oid_ a shiled to those who named it
top/o
place, position, location
tox/o
poison
thrache/o
windpipe, trachea
trans-
across, through