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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Rounded depression, or socket, in the pelvis, which joins the femur (thigh bone), forming the hip joint
Outward extension of the shoulder bone forming the point of the shoulder. It overlies the shoulder joint and articulates with the clavicle.
articular cartilage
Thin layer of cartilage occurring at the ends of long bones and covering any part of any bone that comes together with another bone to form a joint.
Dense, hard connective tissue composing the skeleton. Examples are long bones (femur), short bones (carpals), flat bones (scapula), and sesamoid bones (patella).
One of the mineral constituents of bone. Calcium phosphate is the major calcium salt in bones.
Cancellous bone
Spongy, porous, trabecular bone.
cartilaginous tissue (cartilage)
Flexible, rubbery connective tissue. It is found in the immature skeleton at the epiphyseal growth plate and on joint surfaces.
Dense connective tissue strands found in bone.
Compact bone
Hard, dense bone tissue.
Knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint.
Cranial bones
Skull bones; ethmoid, frontal, occipital, parietal, sphenoid, and temporal.
Shaft, or midportion, of a long bone.
disk (disc)
Flat, round, plate-like structure. An intervertebral disk is a fibrocartilaginous substance between two vertebrae.
Epiphyseal plate
Cartilaginous area at the ends of long bones where lengthwise growth takes place in the immature skeleton.
Each end of a long bone; the area beyond the epiphyseal plate.
Facial bones
Bones of the face: lacrimal, mandible, maxillae, nasal, vomer, and zygomatic.
Narrow, slit-like opening in or between bones.
Soft spot (incomplete bone formation) between the skull bones of an infant.
Opening or passage in bones where blood vessels, nerves, or both enter and leave. The foramen magnum is the opening of the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes.
Shallow cavity in a bone.
Haversian canals
Minute spaces filled with blood vessels; found in compact bone.
Round process on both sides of the ankle joint. The lateral malleolus is part of the fibula, and the medial malleolus is part of the tibia.
Upper portion of the sternum; articulates with the medial aspect of the clavicle.
Mastoid process
Round projection on the temporal bone behind the ear.
Medullary cavity
Central, hollowed-out area in the shaft of a long bone.
The flared portion of a long bone, lying between the diaphysis (shaft) and the epiphyseal plate (meta- means between)
Large process on the proximal end of the ulna; the point of the flexed elbow.
Osseous tissue
Bone tissue.
Process of bone formation.
Bone cell that helps form bone tissue.
Bone cell that absorbs and removes unwanted bone tissue.
Membrane surrounding bones; rich in blood vessels and nerve tissue.
Mineral substance found in bones in combination with calcium.
Pubic symphysis
Area of confluence (coming together) of the two pubic bones. They are joined (sym-means together, -physis means to grow) by a fibrocartilaginous disc.
Red bone marrow
Found in cancellous bone; site of hematopoiesis.
These 24 elongated, curved bones form the bony wall of the chest. True ribs are the first 7 pairs; false ribs are pairs 8-10; floating ribs are pairs 11 and 12.
Sella turcica
Depression in the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland is located.
Hollow cavity within a bone.
Styloid process
Pole-like process on the temporal bone.
Joint between bones, such as the skull (cranium).
temporomandibular joint
Connection between the temporal base of the skull and mandibular bone of the jaw.
Supporting bondles of bony fibers in cancellous (spongy) bone
Large process on lateral proximal aspect of the femur; attachment site for muscles and tendons.
Rounded process on bone; attachment site for muscles and tendons.
Rounded process on bone; attachment site for muscles and tendons.
An individual backbone composed of the vertebral body, vertebral arch, spinous process, transverse process, lamina, and neural canal.
Xiphoid process
Lower, narrow portion of the sternum.
Yellow bone marrow
Fatty tissue found in the diaphyses of long bones in older individuals.