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186 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
bas/o
base
-phil
attraction to
chrom/o
color
coagul/o
clotting
cyt/o
cell
eosin/o
red, dawn, rosy
erythr/o
red
granul/o
granules
hem/o
blood
hemat/o
blood
hemoglobuin/o
hemoglobuin
-penia
deficiency
-crit
separate
is/o
same, equal
kary/o
nucleus
leuk/o
white
mon/o
one, single
morph/o
shape, form
myel/o
bone marrow
-blast
indicates an immature cell
-genous
pertaining to produced in
netur/o
neutral
nucle/o
nucleus
phag/o
eat, swallow
poikil/o
variet, irregular
sider/o
iron
spher/o
globe, round
thromb/o
clot
-cytosis
increase in the number of cells
-apheresis
removal, carry away
-blast
immature, embryonic
-cytosis
abnormal condition of cells (increase in cells)
-emia
blood condition
-globin
protein
-globulin
protein
-lytic
pertaining to destruction
-oid
derived from
-osis
abnormal condition
-phage
eat, swallow
-philia
attraction for (an increase in cell numbers)
-phoresis
carrying, transmission
-poiesis
formation
-stasis
stop, control
basophil
leukocyte (granulocyte) whose granules have an affinity for basic dye; releases histamine and heparin
hypochromic
pertaining to reduction of hemoglobin in red blood cells
anticoagulant
substance that prevents clotting
coagulopathy
disease condition of clotting cells
cytology
study of cells
eosinophil
leukocyte with dense, reddish granules having an affinity for red acidic dye; associated with allergic reactions
erythrocytopenia
deficiency of red blood cells
granulocyte
white blood cell with dense, dark-staining granules (neutrophil, basophil, and eosinophil)
hemolysis
destruction of red blood cells
hematocrit
separate blood
hemoglobinopahty
disease condition of hemoglobin
anisocytosis
abnormality of red blood cells
megakaryocyte
cell with large nucleus
leukocytopenia
deficiency of white blood cells
monocyte
cell w/ single nucleus
morphology
study of shape or form
myeloblast
immature bone marrow cell
myelogenous
pertaining to produced in bone marrow
neutropenia
deficiency of neutrophils
monomuclear
pertaining to one nucleus
polymorphonuclear
pertaining to many nucleui
phagocyte
cell that eats or swallows other cells
poikilocytosis
an irregularity in the shape of red blood cells
sideropenia
deficiency of iron
spherocytosis
abnormal numbers of round, rather than normally biconcave shaped, red blood cells
thrombocytopenia
deficiency of clotting cells
plasmapheresis
removal of plasma
leukapheresis
removal of white cells
plateletpheresis
removal of platelets
monoblast
immature monocyte
erythroblast
immature red cell
macrocytosis
increase in numbers of large red blood cells
microcytosis
increase in numbers of small red blood cells
leukemia
abnormal blood condition
hemoglobin
blood protein
immunoglobulin
gamma globulin that contains antibodies
thrombolytic therapy
drug to breakdown or dissolve blood clots
myeloid
derived from bone marrow
thrombosis
abnormal condition of the thrombus
granulocytopenia
deficiency of granular leukocytes
pancytopenia
deficiency of all cells
macrophage
large phagocyte formed from monocytes and found in tissues; destroy worn out red blood cells and engulf foreign materials
eosinophilia
increase of eosinophils in the blood or body tissues
neutrophilia
increase of neutrophils leukocytes in blood or tissues
electrophoresis
method of separating substances by electrical charge
hematopoiesis
formation of blood
erythropoiesis
formation of red blood cells
myelopoiesis
formation of bone marrow cells
hemostasis
control blood flow
anemia
deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin - most common is iron-deficiency anemia
aplastic anemia
failure of blood cell production due to aplasia (absence of development, formation) of bone marrow cells
hemolytic anemia
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
pernicious anemia
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
sickle cell anemia
a hereditary condition characterized by abnormal shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
thalassemia
an inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, usually seen in persons of Mediterranean background
hemochromatosis
excess iron deposits throughout the body
polycythemia vera
general increase in red blood cells (erythremia)
hemophilia
excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of one of the protein substances (either factor VIII or factor IX) necessary for blood clottinh
purpura
multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin
leukemia
an increase in cancerous white blood cells
granulocytosis
abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood
mononucleosis
an infectious disease marked by increased numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
multiple myeloma
malignant neoplasm of bone marro
ABO
three main blood types
ALL
acute lymphocytic leukemia
AML
acute myelogenous leukemia
ASCT
autologous stem cell transplant
baso
basophils
BMIT
bone marrow transplant
CBC
complete blood count
CLL
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
CML
chronic myelogenous leukemia
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation
diff.
differential count (white blood cells)
EBV
Epstein-Barr virus, the cause of mononucleosis
eos
eosinophils
EPO
erythropoietin
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
G-CSF
granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
GM-CSF
granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor
g/dL
gram per deciliter (deciliter = one tenth of a liter)
GVHD
graft versus host disease
Hct
hematocrit
H, Hg, HGB
hemoglobin
H and H
hemoglobin and hematocrit
HLA
human leukocyte antigen
IgA, IgD, Ige, IgG, IgM
immunoglobulins
lymphs
lymphocytes
MCH
mean corpuscular hemoglobin, average amount of hemoglobin per cell
MCHC
mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, average concentration of hemoglobin in a single red cell. When MCHC is low, the cell is hypochromic
MCV
mean corpuscular volume, average volume or size of a single red blood cell. When MCV is high, the cells are macrocytic, and when low, the cells are microcytic
mm3
cubic millimeter (one millionth of a liter)
mono
monocyte
poly, PMN, PMNL
polymorphonuclear leukocyte, neutrophil
PT
Definition
prothrombin time
PTT
partial thromboplastin time
RBC
Definition
red blood cell (red blood cell count)
sed rate
Definition
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
segs
segmented, mature white blood cells
SMAC
Definition
Sequential Multiple Analyzer Computer, an automated chemistry system that determines substance in serum
pl
microliter (one millionth of a liter; a liter equals 1.057 quarts)
WBC
white blood cell (white blood cell count)
differentiation
change in the strucutre and function of a cell as it matures
acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
Immature lymphocytes (lymphoblasts) predominate. This form is seen most often in children and adolescents; onset is sudden
acute myelogenous (myelocytic) leukemia (AML)
Immature granulocytes (myeloblasts) predominate. Platelets and erythrocytes are diminished because of infiltration and replacement of the bone marrow by large numbers of myeloblasts
antiglobulin test (Coombs test)
Test for the presence of antibodies that coat and damage erythrocytes
apheresis
separation of blood into component parts and removal of a select part from the blood
aplastic anemia
lack of all types of blood cells due to lack of development of bone marrow cells
autologous transfusion
blood is collected from and later reinfused into the same patient
bleeding time
time required for blood to stop flowing from a small puncture wound
blood transfusion
whole blood or cells are taken from a donor and infused into a patient
bone marrow biopsy
microscopic examination of a core of bone marrow removed with a needle
chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)
abnormal numbers of relatively mature lymphocytes predominate in the marrow, lymph nodes and spleen. This most common form of leukemia usually occurs in the elderly and follows a slowly progressive course
chronic myelogenous (myelocytic) leukemia (CML)
both mature and immature granulocytes are present in marrow and bloodstream. This is a slowly progressive illness with which patients may live for many years without encountering life-threatening problems
coagulation time
time required for venous blood to clot in a test tube
complete blood count (CBC)
determination of the number of red and white blood cells, platelets, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and red cell indices
dyscrasia
an abnormal or pathological condition of the blood
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
speed at which erythrocytes settle out of plasma
granulocytosis
abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood
hematocrit
percentage of erythrocytes in a volume of blood
hematopoietic stem cell transplant
peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor are administered into a recipient's vein
hemachromatosis
excess iron deposits throughout the body
hemoglobin test
total amount of hemoglobin in a sample of peripheral blood
hemolytic anemia
reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction
hemophilia
excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of one of the protein substances (either factor VIII or factor IX) necessary for blood clotting
intrinsic factor
special substance found in gastric juice that aids in the absorption of B12
mononucleosis
an infectious disease marked by increase numbers of leukocytes and enlarged cervical lymph nodes
multiple myeloma
malignant neoplasm of bone marrow
palliative
relieving, not curing
partial thromboplastin time
measures the presence of plasma factors that act in a portion of the coagulation pathway
pernicious anemia
lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body
platelet count
number of platelets per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
polycythemia vera
general increase in red blood cells (erythremia)
prothrombin time
test of the ability of blood to clot
purpura
multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin
red blood cell count (RBC)
number of erythrocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter of blood
red blood cell morphology
microscopic examination of a stained blood smear to determine the shape of individual red cells
relapse
occurs when leukemia cells reappear in the blood and bone marrow, necessitating further treatment
remission
disappearance of signs of disease
sickle cell anemia
a hereditary condition characterized by abnormal shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis
thalassemia
an inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, usuallyseen in persons of Mediterranean background
white blood cell count
number of leukocytes per cubic millimeter or microliter
white blood cell differential
determines the percentage of the total WBC made up by different types of leukocytes