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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
reading, writing, or learning disorder
dyslexia
condition of no coordination
ataxia
condition of slow movement
bradykinesia
condition of increased nervous sensation
hyperesthesia
seizure of sleep; uncontrollable compulsion to sleep
narcolespy
inability to speak
aphasia
inability to perform a task
motor apraxia
slight paralysis in the right or left half of the body
hemiparesis
burning pain
causalgia
paralysis in the lower part of the body (damange to lower part of the spinal cord)
paraplega
fainting
syncope
nervous exhaustion (lack of strength) and fatigue
neurasthenia
destruction of myelin sheaths (demyelination)and their replacement by plaques of hard tissue lead to this condition
multiple sclerosis
sudden, transient disturbances of brain fuction cause seizures in this abnormal condition
epilepsy
the spinal column is imperfectly joined (a split in the vertebra occurs), and part of the meninges and spinal cord can herniate out of the spinal cavity in this congenital condition
spina bifida cystica
this condition involves atrophy of muscles and paralysis caused by damange to motor neruons in the spinal cord and brainstem
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
in this hereditary condition, the patietn displays bizarre, abrupt, involutary, dance-like movements, as well as delcine in mental functions
Huntington disease
cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in teh head (in the ventricles fo the bain) in this condition
hydrocephalus
this neuromuscular disorder is marked by loss of muscle strength because o inability of neurotransmitter (acetycholine)to transmit impulses from nerve cells to muscle cells
myathenia gravis
degeneration of nerves in the basal ganglia occur in later life, leading ot tremors, shuffling gait, and muscle stiffness; dopamine (neurotransmitter)is deficient in the brain
Parkinson disease
this condition begins in middle age and is marked by deterioation fo mental capacity (dementia); autopsy shows cerebral cortex atrophy, widening of cerebral sulci, and microscopic neurofibrillary tangles
Alheimer disease
unilateral facial paralysis chracterized this condition
Bell palsy
ataxia
uncoordinated gait
aura
peculiar symptoms appearing before more definite symptoms
transient ischemic attack
interruption of blood supply to the cerebrum; mini-stroke
tonic-clonic seizure
major epileptic seizure; ictal event
herpes zoster
virus that causes chickenpox and shingles
dopamine
neurotransmitter
occlusion
blockage
absence seizure
minor epileptic seizure
glioblastoma multiforme
malignant brain tumor of immature glial cells