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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-plasm
formation
mitochondria
structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy
endoplasmic reticulum
structure(canals) within the cytoplasm. site in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces
epi-
above
sarc/o
flesh
cytoplasm
all the material that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane
chromosomes
rod-shaped structures in the nucleus. 46 chromosome 23 pair except egg/sperm
catabolism
processof breaking down complex materials(food) to form simpler substances and release energy
anabolism
process of building up complex materials(proteins) from simple materials
cell membrane
structure surrounding and protecting the cell. It determines what enters and leaves the cell
-ior
pertaining to
sacr/o
sacrum
karyotype
picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
genes
regions of DNA within each chromosome
ana-
up
medial
pertaining to themiddle or nearer the medial plane of the body
larynx
voice box
metabolism
the total of the chemical process in a cell
inter-
between
epithelial cell
skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surface of organs
-ism
process
adipose tissue
collection of fat cells
meta-
change
pharynx
throat
-iac
pertaining to
-ior
pertaining to
hypo-
below
-ose
pertaining to or full of
-eal
pertaining to
inguin/o
groin
DNA
chemical found within each chromosome. arranged like a sequence of recipes in code
cata-
down
mediastinum
space located between the lungs
peritoneum
membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen
bol/o
to cast(throw)
sagittal
plane that divides the body into right and left sides