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114 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
collection of lymph tissue in the nasopharynx; also called pharyngeal tonsils
adenoids
air sac in the lung
aveolus
uppermost portion of the lung
apex
lower portion of the lung
base
smallest branches of the bronchi
bronchioles
branch of the trachea that is a passageway into the air spaces of the lung
bronchus
a gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine
carbon dioxide
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane epithelium lining the respiratory tract
cilia
muscle separating the chest and abdomen
diaphragm
lid like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx, preventing food from entering the larynx and trachea during swallowing
epiglottis
breathing out (exhalation)
expiration
opening to the larynx
glottis
midline region where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit the lungs
hilum
breathing in (inhalation)
inspiration
voice box
larynx
division of a lung
lobe
region between the lungs in the chest cavity
mediastinum
gas that passes into bloodstream at the lungs and travels to all body cells
oxygen
one of a pair of almond-shaped masses of lymphoid tissue in the oropharynx
palatine tonsil
one of the air cavities in the bones near the nose
paranasal sinus
outer layer of pleura closest to the ribs
parietal pleura
throat
pharynx
double folded membrane surrounding each lung
pleura
space between the folds of the pleura
pleura cavity
windpipe
trachea
inner layer of pleura closest to the lung
visceral pleura
adenoid/o
adenoids
alveol/o
alveolus
bronch/o
bronchi/o
bronchial tube
bronchus
bronchiol/o
bronchiole,
small bronchus
capn/o
carbon dioxide
coni/o
dust
cyan/o
blue
epiglott/o
epiglottis
laryng/o
larynx
voice box
lob/o
lobe of the lung
chronic dialation of a bronchus secondary to infection of lower lobes
bronchiectasis
drug that causes dialation of bronchial tube
bronchodilator
viral infection of small bronchus in infants
bronchiolitis
excessive carbon dioxid in blood
hypercapnia
abnormal condition of dust in lungs
pneumoconiosis
pector/o
chest
pharyng/o
pharynx
throat
phon/o
voice
phren/o
diaphragm
pleur/o
pleura
pneum/o
pneumon/o
air
lung
spir/o
breathing
air cavity near the nose
paranasal sinuses
placement of a nasogastric tube through the nose to releive gastric distension
nasogastric intubation
condition when breathing is easier in an upright position
orthopnea
inadquate oxygen
hypoxia
to clear out by coughing. ejection of mucus, septum, etc.
expectoration
difficulty or hoarsness of voice
dysphonia
inflammation of the intercostal muscles
pleurodynia
abnormal collection of fluid in the intrapleural spaces
pleural effusion
air in the pleural cavity
pneumothorax
discharge of the nose
rhinorrea
measurement of breathing
spirometer
air is expelled out from lungs
expiration
tel/o
complete
incomplete expansion
collapsed lung
atelectasis
removal of the oropharyngeal (palatine) tonsils
tonsillectomy
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
empyema
pyothorax
-osmia
smell
without smell
anosmia
spitting up blood
hemoptysis
accumulation of blood in pleural cavity
hemothorax
tapping on surface
percussion
scratchy sound of inflamed pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
pleural rub
abnormal crackling sounds
rales (crackles)
strained, high pitched, noisy sound
stridor
continuous high pitched whistling sounds
wheezes
acute viral infection in infants/children characterized by obstruction of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor
croup
acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by the diphtheria bacterium
diphtheria
nosebleed
epistaxes
bacterial infection of the pharynx, larynx, and trachea. also known as whooping cough
pertussis
chronic inflammatory disourder characterized by airway obstruction caused by edema, bronchoconstruction, and increased mucus production
asthma
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that do not drain normally
cystic fibrosis
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
emphysema
acute inflammation and infection of alveoli, which fills with pus
pneumonia
swelling and fluid in the air sacs and bronchioles
pulmonary edema
clot (thrombus) or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
pulmonary embolism (PE)
formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs
pulmonary fibrosis
infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis.
tuberculosis (TB)
chronic inflammatory disease of unknown cause in which small nodules or tubercles develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
sarcoidosis
rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura and associated with exposure to asbestos
mesothelioma
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COPD - persistent obstruction of air flow. caused by smoking, chronic infection, and sometimes asthma.
patients with predominant chronic bronchitis COPD
blue bloaters (cyanotic, stocky build)
pink puffers
patients with predominant emphysema (short of breath, but with near normal blood oxygen levels, no change in skin color)
failure of the right side of the heart to pump enough blood to the lungs caused by an underlying lung disease
cor pulmonale
fluid, cells or other substances that slowly leave cells or capillaries through pores or small breaks in cell membranes
exudate
relieving symptoms, but not curing the disease
palliative
pertaining to a sudden occurrence such as a spasm or seizure
paroxysmal
oxysm/o
sudden
area od dead tissue in lung
pulmonary infarction
containing pus
purulent
ABG'S
arterial blood gasses
ARDS
adult respiratory distress syndrome
Bronch
bronchoscophy
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP
continous positive airway pressure
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitiation
CXR
chest x-ray
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
ICU
intensive care unit
PaCO2
carbon dioxide partial pressure; amount of CO2 in arterial blood
PaO2
oxygen partial pressure; amount of oxygen in arterial blood
PEEP
positive end expiratory pressure (a common mechanical ventilator setting to maintain airway pressure above atmospheric pressure)
PFT's
pulmonary function tests
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome also called hyaline membrane disease
SOB
shortness of breath
URI
upper respiratory infection