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120 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Valve between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
Mitral Valve
Abnormal heart sound caused by improper closure of the heart valves
murmur
Muscle layer of the heart
myocardium
Sac-like membrane surrounding the heart
pericardium
Artery carrying oxygen-poor blood from the heart to the lungs
Pulmonary Artery
Flow of blood from the heart to the lungs and back to the heart
Pulmonary Circulation
Located between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery
Pulmonary valve
one of two pairs of vessels carrying oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
Pulmonary Vein
Partition; between the right and left sides of the heart
Septum
Pacemaker of the heart
Sinoatrial node (SA node)
Instrument to measure blood pressure
Sphygmomanometer
Flow of blood from the body cells to the heart and back out from the heart to the cells
Systemic circulation
Contraction phase of the heartbeat
Systole
Located between the right atrium and right ventricle; it has three leaflets
Tricuspid valve
Largest vein in the body
Vena Cava
One of two lower chambers of the heart
Ventricle
Small vein
Venule
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
arter/o
arteri/o
artery
ather/o
yellowish, plaque, fatty substance
atri/o
atrium
brachi/o
arm
coron/o
heart
cyan/o
blue
myx/o
mucus
phleb/o
vein
sphygm/o
pulse
steth/o
chest
valvul/o
valv/o
valve
vas/o
vascul/o
vessel
Chest pain due to a temporary difference between the supply and demand of oxygen to the heart muscle
angina (pectoris)
Antihypertensive drugs that block the conversion of angiotensin I to II and reduce blood vessel constriction. They prevent heart attacks, CHF, stroke, and death.
angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Listening with a stethoscope
auscultation
Drugs used to treat angina, hypertension, and arrythmias
beta-blockers
Abnormal sound heard on auscultation
bruit
Drugs used to treat angina and hypertension by dilating blood vessels and block the influx of calcium into muscle cells lining vessels.
calcium channel blockers
Pressure on the heart caused by fluid in the pericardioal space
cardiac tamponade
Pain, tension and weakness in a leg after walking has begun, but absence of pain at rest
claudication
A drug that treats arrhythmias and strengthens the heartbeat
digoxin
Clotts that travel to and suddenly block a vlood vessel
emboli
Area of dead tissue
infarction
Drugs used to treat angina
nitrates
Closure of a blood vessel
occlusion
uncomfortable sensations in the chest related to cardiac arrhythmias
palpitations
Drugs used to lower cholesterol in the bloodstream
statins
Vibration felt on palpation of the chest
thrill
Clumps of platelets, clotting proteins, microorganisms, and red blood cells on the endocardium in conditions such as bacterial endocarditis and rheumatic heart disease
vegetations
Abnormal heart rhythms
arrhythmias
Failure of proper conduction of impulses through the AV node
atrioventricular block (heart block)
Rapid but regular contractions of the heart
flutter
Rapid, random, irregular contractions of the heart
fibrillation
Narrowing of the aorta
Coarctation of the aorta (CoA)
A small duct (ductus arteriosus) between the aorta and pulmonary artery which remains open after birth
patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
Small holes in the septa
septal defects
A congential malformation of the heart involving four distinct defects
tetralogy of Fallot
when the heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood
congestive heart failure (CHF)
Disease of the arteries surrounding the heart
coronary artery disease (CAD)
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
endocarditis
High blood pressure affecting the heart
hypertensive heart disease
Improper closure of the mitral valve
mitral valve prolapse (MVP)
Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
pericarditis
Heart disease caused by rheumatic fever
rheumatic heart disease
Widening (dilation) of an arterial wall
aneurysm
High blood pressure
Hypertension (HTN)
Blockage of blood vessels outside of the heart
peripheral vascular disease (PVD)
Short episodes of pallor and cyanosis in the fingers and toes
Raynaud disease
Abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurs in the legs
varicose veins
Measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides in a blood sample
lipid tests
Lipoproteins are physically separated in a blood sample
lipoprotein electrophoresis
Chemicals measures in the blood as evidence of a heart attack
serum enzyme tests
X-ray of blood vessels after injection of contrast material
angiography
Sound waves measure movement of blood flow
Doppler ultrasound
High-frequency sound waves and echoes produce images of the heart
echocardiography (ECHO)
Images showing blood flow and function of the myocardium following uptake of radioactive substances.
positron emission tomography (PET) scan
Technetium 99m sestamibi is injected IV and taken up in the area of an MI
technetium (Tc) 99m Sestamibi scan
Images of cardiac tissue produced with magnetic waves
cardiac MRI
A thin, flexible tube is guided into the heart via a vein or an artery
cardiac catheterization
Recording of electricity flowing through heart
electrocardiography (ECG, EKG)
An ECG device worn for 24 hours to detect cardiac arrhythmias
Holter monitoring
ETT
Exercise tolerance test
very brief discharges of electricity applied to the chest to stop arrhythmias
cardioversion (defibrillation)
Arteries and veins are anastomosed to coronary arteries to detour around blockages
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
surgical removal of the diseased inner layers of an artery
endarterectomy
A ballon-tipped catheter is inserted in to a coronary artery to open the artery then stents are put in place
percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)
AF, Afib
Atrial fibrillation
AMI
Acute myocardial infarction
AS
Aortic stenosis
AV
Atrioventricular
BBB
Bundle branch block
BP
Blood Pressure
CABG
Coronary Artery bypass graft
CAD
Coronary Artery Disease
CCU
Coronary Care Unit
CHF
Congestive Heart Failure
CVP
Central venous pressure
ECG,EKG
Electrocardiogram
ECC
Extracorporeal circulation
ECHO
Echocardiography
MI
Mycardial Infarction
MR
Mitral Regurgitation
MUGA
Multiple-gated acquistion scan, a radioactive test of heart function
MVP
Mitral Valve Prolapse
NSR
Normal sinus rhythm
PAC
Premature Atrial Contraction
PVC
Premature Ventricular Contraction
SA
Sinoatrial
SOB
Shortness of Breath
VSD
Ventricular Septal defect
UA
Unstable Agina
Largest artery in the body
Aort
Small artery
Arteriole
Specialized tissue betwen upper heart chambers. Electrical impulses pass from the pacemaker through this to the bundle of his. (transistor)
Atrioventricular node (AV node)
Specialized muscle fibers that carry the electric impulses to the ventricles (wires)
Atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
Upper chambers of the heart
Atrium
Smallest blood vessel
capillary
Vessels that branch from the aorta with oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle
Coronary Arteries
Relaxation phase of the heartbeat
Diastole
Inner lining of the heart
endocardium
Inner lining of blood vessels
endothelium