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134 Cards in this Set

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What is meant by the phrase "programming MIDI sequences"?
. . . writing music in MIDI editors.
How does the Piano Roll Editor symbolize its MIDI notes?
. . . by horizontal note beams on a grid positioned below a Bar ruler.
Your Pencil tool is assigned to the Command-click tool. How do you create an empty MIDI region on a track?
. . . Command-click with the Pencil tool in bar 1 of the new track.
When creating notes in the Piano Roll Editor, what is a useful tool combination?
Left-click tool = Pencil tool
Command-click tool = Velocity tool
The Info Display at the top of the Piano Roll Editor shows . . .
. . . the pitch and position of the note you're about to create.
Describe the color scheme design for the lanes of the Piano Roll Editor's grid.
light gray lanes = white keys on piano
dark gray lanes = black keys on piano
Where would you customize the color scheme of the Piano Roll Editor lanes?
Piano Roll Editor > View > Piano Roll Colors
Describe the difference in appearance between unselected and selected note beams in the Piano Roll Editor.
Unselected = one of seven velocity-related colors and the interior contains a black velocity line.

Selected = the shadow of the unselected note beam, i.e., black interior with matching velocity-related colors for outline and velocity line.
What happens to the Pencil tool when you position it over the middle of a note beam in the Piano Roll?
It turns into a Pointer tool.
When dragging a note beam in the Piano Roll Editor, how can you limit dragging to a single direction?
Hold down Shift while you drag or Option-drag.
Suppose you've changed Logic's default behavior so that it drags note beams in a single direction. How can you temporarily defeat this?
Hold down Shift while you drag or Option-drag.
While dragging a note beam in the Piano Roll Editor, name two features that aid you in aligning the note beam to the grid.
1. Help tag
2. vertical and horizontal white dashed guidelines
How do you delete a note beam in Piano Roll?
. . . double-click on it with the Pencil tool
Name three places where you can find references to a note beam's velocity in Piano Roll.
1. Help tag
2. note beam color
3. velocity line
Name the seven velocity colors from softest (1) to loudest (7).
7. red
6. orange
5. yellow
4. green
3. turquoise
2. blue
1. violet
You're using Cycle mode while editing note beam velocities in the Piano Roll. By default, dragging vertically with the Velocity tool triggers the note repeatedly, and interferes with your ability to evaluate the result in the sequence. How do you get around this?
Turn off the [green] MIDI Out button at the upper left of the Piano Roll Editor.
Where is the MIDI Out button on the Piano Roll Editor and what color is it?
It's the 4th of four buttons on the upper left of the Piano Roll.

It's colored green.
shortcut keystrokes for accessing Mute tool [Piano Roll] . . .
. . . Esc-7
one-key shortcut to mute and unmute selected notes . . .
M
Give the steps in muting a note beam.
1. Select note beam with Pointer tool
2. Press M
Describe the change of color scheme that occurs when a selected note beam becomes muted.
It changes from a black interior with matching colors for the outline and velocity line to a grayed interior with a colored velocity line.
A note beam has been selected and then muted. Your next mouse click anywhere will change its color scheme to reflect this. Describe the color scheme of a muted note beam.
The note beam becomes dimmed, or grayed out. The color of the velocity line will be one of seven velocity-related colors.
Give the steps in unmuting a note beam.
1. Select note beam
2. Press M
A note beam has been deselected and then unmuted. Your next mouse click anywhere will change its color scheme to reflect its unmuted state. Describe the color scheme.
It reverts to a solid colored note beam in one of seven colors, and the beam contains a black velocity line.
If you select multiple notes to be muted, how do you implement the muting of them all?
. . . by tapping "M." All selected beams will become muted.
shortcut keystrokes for Finger tool [Piano Roll]
. . . Esc-4
In Piano Roll Editor, how do you resize note beams that overlap?
. . . by using the Finger tool
shortcut keystrokes for Quantize tool [Piano Roll]
. . . Esc-8
List the steps in quantizing several note beams in the Piano Editor.
1. Esc-8 to select the Quantize tool
2. Use the Quantize tool select [marquee or Shift-click] desired notes
3. Hold down the trackpad button on one of the notes and select quantize level from the Quantize menu.
By default, MIDI editors open in what mode?
Content Link mode
What is Content Link mode?
. . . a display of the contents of the selected MIDI region in the key focus area
What three colors could the Link button be?
It can be one of three colors:
gray, yellow or purple
If the Score Editor displays the contents of more regions than you'd like, how can you narrow its focus?
1. Click the background In the Arrange area to deselect all regions.
2. Click on a specific region to select it.
3. Click on background of Score Editor to give it key focus
What are the results when you unlink an editor?
It displays the same contents independently of your actions in other areas.
Why would you want to unlink an editor?
. . . so you can manipulate regions in the Arrange area without changing what the MIDI editor displays.
The Link button cycles through three link modes. What are they?
1. Content Link mode
2. Same Level Link mode
3. No Link mode
When Arrange area has key focus, describe the display in the Score Editor when Same Level Link mode is activated.
It displays the contents of all the MIDI regions in the Arrange area.
What color does the Link button turn when Same Level Link mode is selected?
It turns purple.
What do you do if the some of the notation in the Score Editor is hidden or crowded under the title bar?
Drag vertically until it's visible or less crowded.
In the Score Editor, what does the Part Box contain?
. . . score symbols
A Help Tag displays the duration of a quarter note as " . . 3 232 "

Translate this.
Note durations are displayed in bars, beats, divisions and ticks. Divisions are set to the 16th note and there are 240 ticks to the sixteenth note. The duration of the note is: zero bars, zero beats, 3 divisions [3 sixteenth notes], and 232 ticks. In other words, it's 8 ticks short of a full quarter note.
Why would the Help Tag of an inserted quarter note in the Score Editor display a duration which is actually a few ticks short of a full quarter note?
. . . to avoid overlapping notes in the Score Editor.
What does a blinking note in the Score Editor signify?
. . . that it's selected.
How do you deselect a selected note in Score Editor?
. . . by clicking in the background
Rather than dragging notes from the Part Box, an easier way to create notes is to . . .
. . . copy existing notes by Option-dragging
one-key shortcut for accessing the Piano Roll
P
Quick way to have the content of a MIDI region displayed in the Piano Roll Editor. . .
. . . double-click on the MIDI region
Using your MIDI keyboard, what two parameters can you edit in the Piano Roll Editor?
. . . pitch and velocity
Describe the steps involved if you were to change the pitch and velocity of a note beam in the Piano Roll Editor using your MIDI keyboard.
1. double-click the MIDI In button at the top of the Piano Roll Editor to activate edit mode
2. select the desired note beam
3. edit the note by playing the desired note harder or softer on your MIDI keyboard.
Describe the change in color scheme of the MIDI In button when you click it.
. . . it changes from gray background to a red background
Describe what happens to the color scheme of the MIDI In button when you double-click it.
. . . it changes from gray to red and the MIDI connector icon inside the button turns black.
What's the difference in result when you click versus double-click the MIDI IN button on the Piano Roll Editor?
Clicking activates Step Input recording

Double-clicking activates the edit mode where you can edit the selected note's pitch and velocity
In Score Editor or Piano Roll Editor, the one-key shortcut to move selection to previous or next note . . .
. . . left or right arrow
Translate the term MIDI CC events.
MIDI Continuous Controller events
Give three examples of MIDI Continuous Controller events.
pitch bend, volume changes and modulation
Automated MIDI CC events are also known as . . .
. . . region-based events
The editing of note velocities to create velocity ramps, crescendos and decrescendos can be made easier by the use of what technique?
Hyper Draw
Velocity is considered to be one of the parameters of a . . .
. . . MIDI Note-On event
Where is the Hyper Draw button located?
. . . at the lower left of the Piano Roll Editor or Score Editor just above the Mixer button
What does the Hyper Draw button look like?
. . . a light gray button displaying three nodes with lines extending to the right.
You have the Piano Roll Editor open on top and the Hyper Draw area > Note Velocities open below it. In the Note Velocities slate, the length of the orange line equals. . .
. . . the length of the note above it on the Piano Roll grid.
The scale on the left side of the Hyper Draw area represents. . .
note velocity
In the Hyper Draw area, how do you adjust the velocity of a note?
. . . by dragging on the node, not the line.
What does clicking on the background of the Hyper Draw area display?
. . . the Start Line help tag
When creating a decrescendo in the Hyper Draw area, after you've chosen your Start Line position, how do you establish your End Line position?
. . . release the mouse key and drag the Pointer tool to the position where you want the volume change to end.
. . . click and an End Line position is created.
In the Hyper Draw area, how can you get an overview of the decrescendo you've created?
. . . by the slope of the green line that appears between the Start Line and the mouse pointer position.
What's the final step that aligns the note velocities from Start Line to End Line?
. . . click at the mouse cursor position at the end of the green line
The Hyper Draw menu revealed by the arrow at the upper left of the Hyper Draw area contains several types of MIDI controller automation. Name any four of them.
1. Note Velocity
2. Pitch Bend
3. Volume
4. Pan
5. Sustain Pedal
6. Modulation
7. Program Changes
What does the black center line in the pitch bend slate of the Hyper Draw area represent?
. . . the normal pitch of a note [no pitch bend]
(a) When creating a pitch bend using Hyper Draw, how do you create and position a node on the black center line?

(b) How can you determine that the node is positioned accurately?
(a) Click on it to create a node and drag on it to position.
(b) by watching the Help tag
When creating a pitch bend in Hyper Draw, what do the numbers next to each node represent?
. . . the pitch bend value
What number would represent the lowest possible pitch bend value?
-64
You're using Hyper Draw to automate pitch bend. What number next to a node would represent the original note pitch?
0 [zero]
keystrokes used to curve a pitch glide. . .
Control-Option-drag exactly on the line.
What happens if you Control-Option-click to curve a pitch glide and don't position the Pointer tool exactly on the line?
You'll wind up zooming because you'll be Control-Option-clicking in the background and dragging across the line.
When curving a pitch glide, how do you make a convex or concave curve?
Convex: Control-Option-drag up

Concave: Control-Option-drag down
When curving a pitch glide, how do you create a horizontal or vertical S curve?
Control-Option-drag left or right
How can you revert your curved pitch glide to a straight line?
Control-Option click the curve
With reference to pitch bending, can you create a curve on a horizontal line?
No. All nodes on a horizontal line will have the same value. You can only create a curve between nodes of different values.
How do you delete a node?
. . . click on the node
When you manipulate sliders, wheels, knobs, etc., this sends not one, but a _____ of ____ __________ __________ ______ to Logic.
. . . "stream" of "MIDI Continuous Controller events"
You can automate the stream of MIDI Continuous Controller events by means of what technique?
Hyper Draw
How does Hyper Draw aid in applying MIDI CC events?
It allows you to automate the MIDI Continuous Controller information.
What's the basis behind the phrase "region-based automation'?
MIDI CC automation is tied to the MIDI region you're editing.
How do you copy MIDI CC volume automation to another position within the same region?
. . . by Option-dragging
What is track-based volume automation?
. . . dynamic changes that are spread over several regions
When Volume is selected within the Hyper Draw area, what does the black horizontal line on the blank slate indicate?
. . . the position of the volume fader on the corresponding channel strip in the Inspector.
You're automating volume using Hyper Draw and dragging a node up/down to reach a certain value. What do you do if the values change in increments that are too coarse?
. . . zoom in vertically and hold Control as you drag the node.
How do you curve a volume automation glide using Hyper Draw?
Control-Option-drag
You're automating volume by using the Hyper Draw technique. How can you create a customized curve?
. . . by drawing it freehand dragging the Pencil tool
You're automating volume [not note velocities] using the Hyper Draw technique. How can you distinguish a selected from an unselected automation line?
Unselected = yellow

Selected = white
When you're dragging to obtain a certain value and you require more precision, you zoom in. How do you know whether to zoom vertically or horizontally?
The zoom dimension matches the drag direction.
one-key shortcut for Go to Position
/ [forward slash]
As opposed to Option-dragging, an alternate and more precise way in which to copy a MIDI CC automation to another location is to . . .
1. Copy it to the Clipboard [Control-C]
2. Use the Go to Position command [/]
3. Enter new playhead position in the dialog
4. Press Enter
5. Paste [Control-V]
Once you've completed your volume automations using the Hyper Draw technique and then resume Playback, where can you see the results of these edits in action?
. . . on its channel strip Volume Fader in the Inspector
Suppose you want to display and edit the volume automation in the Score Editor instead of the Piano Roll. How do you set this up?
1. Click on Score tab
2. Click the Hyper Draw button
Suppose you want to display and edit the volume automation (or, in general, any MIDI CC automation) on the regions in the Arrange area. How would you set this up?
Arrange area > View > Hyper Draw > select desired MIDI event definition
What's the basic difference between Hyper Draw and Hyper Editor?
Hyper Draw is a technique used to shape (draw) MIDI CC information by adding nodes and creating curves.

Hyper Editor is a customizable MIDI Editor capable of displaying any MIDI event on its own lane.
In reference to pan position values on Balance knob of the Channel Strip:
What value equals hard right?

What value equals hard left?
+63

-64
In the Hyper Editor, at what location in the lane would you create a pan event to place it at hard right?
. . . at the top
In the Hyper Editor, where in the lane would you create a pan event to place it at hard left?
. . . at the bottom
shortcut keystrokes for Line tool [Hyper Editor]
Esc-4
What are lanes used for in Hyper Editor?
. . . to display, create and edit MIDI CC events
Give two examples of an event definition.
1. a MIDI note
2. a MIDI CC events(volume or pan)
In Hyper Editor, vertical beams occupy space within the grid on the individual lanes. What does the height of the beam represent?
. . . If a MIDI CC, the value. If a MIDI note, the velocity
What is a collection of event definitions known as?
. . . a hyper set
In Hyper Editor, the name at the beginning of each lane represents the _____ __________.
. . . event definition
In Hyper Editor, the default hyper set is called ____ ________.
. . . MIDI Controls
A collection of event definitions is called a hyper set. In Hyper Editor, the default hyper set is called MIDI Controls. Name a few of the MIDI Controller events contained in MIDI Controls.
Volume
Pan
Pitch Bend
Modulation
Channel Pressure
When creating or editing pan in Hyper Editor, greater beam height equals a higher MIDI value. A value of 127 would be panning in which direction?
. . . hard right
Describe the difference in the pan scale values on the Mixer's Balance control knob versus the Hyper Editor's scale for beam height.
Mixer: -64 thru +63

Hyper Editor: 0 thru 127
In Hyper Editor, pan events are created with which tool?
. . . Pencil tool
In Hyper Editor, pan events are shaped with which tool?
. . . Line tool
Towards which speaker does the sound shift as pan values decrease?
left
In Hyper Editor, pan events can be both created and shaped by using one tool. Which one?
. . . the Line tool
When the Event List opens, it displays four items for each region displayed in the Arrange area. Name the four items.
1. Position
2. Name
3. Track Nr
4. Length
In the Events List, where is the Hierarchy button located and what color is it?
It's the 1st of five buttons in the upper left.

It's colored light gray.
Upon opening, the Events List displays the contents of a region. You would like more of an overview display. What do you do?
. . . click the Hierarchy button
If you want to see the contents of a region displayed in the Events List, there are two ways to do this. What are they?
1. double-click on the region in the Events List
2. click the region in the Arrange area
The Event List has the distinction of being the only MIDI editor in which you can do two things. What are they?
1. display a list of regions and their positions.
2. quantize a list of regions in the Arrange area
The contents of a region is displayed in the Events List. Under the Status column, you'll see three types of events listed. Name them.
1. note events
2. controller events (MIDI CC)
3. channel pressure events (C-Press)
Another name for channel pressure events (C-Press) is __________.
aftertouch
Under the Status column in the Events List, some events will read as "Control." What does this signify?
These are MIDI CC events (volume, pan, etc.) that you automated with Hyper Draw.
In the Events List there is a rectangular dark gray Filter button at the top left. Other Event-type buttons are light gray. Which color signifies ON?
dark gray = ON
If the Filter button is ON in the Events List and you press NOTES, what is the result?
. . . the notes are temporarily hidden in (filtered out of) the Events List.
Name given to a note that sustains only for its duration, independent of the MIDI note that triggers it.
. . . a one-shot sound [drums, bells, gongs]
Why would you want to edit drum sounds so they all have the same length?
Their MIDI length doesn't influence the playback of the drum sound because they're one-shot sounds. Making their length uniform makes it visually easier to edit them in Piano Roll Editor.
In the Event List, how do you quantize the length of all selected events?
Shift-Option-drag down the length of one of the selected notes. This assigns a value of 1 tick.
In the Event List, once you have quantized the note lengths to 1 tick, how can you change this value?
1. In the Event List, double-click the length of one of the selected notes.
2. Type a new length in the text field.
3. Press Enter
While playing back with the Event List displayed, what is the significance of the white horizontal line?
. . . it indicates the playhead position.
When trying to perform a specific task in one of the editors, name three places to obtain additional features or shortcut menus?
1. editor's local menu
2. Control-click an event
3. Control-click the editor's background area
Name five operations you can do to notes with the Pencil tool in the Piano Roll Editor?
1. insert
2. resize
3. delete
4. move
5. copy
When enabled, what is the function of the MIDI OUT button?
When MIDI OUT button is ON, it triggers the MIDI note repeatedly as you click on its note beam.
In Hyper Editor, how do you change the grid resolution of an event definition?
Adjust the Grid parameter in the Event Definition Parameter box of the Inspector.