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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
appeal to emotion
when careful reasoning is placed by devices calculated to elicit enthusiasm and irrational support for the conclusion in advance
appeal to force
careful reasoning is replaced with disrect or insinuated threats in order to bring about acceptance of some conclusion
irrelevant conclusion
when the premises purport 2 support on conclusion but actually support another
appeal to ignorance
when it is argued that a proposition is true on the ground that it has not been proved false, or when it is argued that a proposition is false b/c ithas not been proved true
false cause
one treats the cause of a thing that is not really the cause of that thing
hasty generlization
one moves carelessly or too quickly from one or a very few instances
one applies generalization to an individual case that doesnt properly govern
complex question
one argues by asking a question in such a way as to presuppose the trut of sum assumptin buried in the question
begging the question
one assumes in the premises of an argument the truth of what one seeks to establish in the conclusion of the same argument
ad hominem
when an attack is leveled not at the claims but at he prsn, direct attack~seek to deframe or disredit advocate of some position, or indirect
appeal to authority
when premise of argumentappeal to judgement of some prsn having no claim 2 authority
attributes to a part to attributedof a whole
attributes of the whole to attribues of a part
same word used with 2 or more meanings
one statement is an argument and has more than one plausable meaning