Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/16

Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anesthetics with ester are degraded where?
Plasma
Anesthetics with amides are degraded where?
Liver
What local condition may prevent anesthesia
Acidosis limits the drugs ability to cross the lipid bilayer. Inflammation and repeat injections (a salt with HCL) may cause acidosis and limit effectiveness
SE of LA's
conduction failure, v fib like Class I antiarrhythmics
Vasodilation
Excesses constriction or tachycardia if given with epi
Sedation
Hypersensitivity
Injectible LA's
Bupivacaine
Mepivacain
Lidocain
Tetracaine (long)
Procaine (short)
For Ophthalmology
Tetracaine
Low water solubility so good for ulcerated surface and open wounds
Benzocaine
Procaine
ester
low potency
slow onset
short course of action
the first LA
Procaine
Lidocaine
amide
more potent than procaine
rapid onset and long action
Mepivacaine
amide
longer duration than lidocaine
no need for epi so good for elderly or those with cardio diseas
Bupivacaine
amide
much more potent than procaine
good for epidural anesthesia
Good continuous epidural anesthesia
Bupivacaine
Does not require epinepherine so ideal for elderly or those with cardiovascular disease
Mepivacaine
Tetracaine
ester
much more potent than prcaine
slow onset
long duration
Benzocaine
Active topically only